of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan
to the Defenders of Homeland on the Occasion
of the 25th Anniversary of Establishment of
the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Dear soldiers and sergeants, officers and generals, veterans of the Armed Forces!
I sincerely and from the bottom of my heart congratulate you - the patriots, who have devoted themselves to the greatest and noblest cause of defending the Homeland, and all our compatriots on the landmark date in the life of our country – the Day of Defenders of Motherland and the 25th anniversary of establishment of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan!
Today, in this festive day I cannot but pay a due respect to the bright memory of the great statesman and outstanding politician – the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Abdughanievich Karimov. Everything we have achieved for over the past 25 years along the path of building our Armed Forces is inalienably linked with his name!
In the early days of Uzbekistan’s Independence, thanks to a principle position taken by Islam Abdughanievich and his political will, on January 14, 1992 all military formations stationed in the territory of our country were placed under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Uzbekistan. It was this very date which became a benchmark for formation of the national army of Uzbekistan and was inscribed with golden letters to the annals of history of our Independence.
At that difficult period our First President confidently said that “the people of Uzbekistan, who are the worthy inheritors of their great ancestors and history, will be able to build an army capable to ensure the security of the country”.
And today we see that our Armed Forces fully justify this high trust.
In other words, today we have all grounds to declare that during historically short period we have created the national army capable to reliably protect the Independence, territorial integrity of the country, inviolability of its borders, peaceful and tranquil life of our people.
In uneasy conditions of formation of our state, when various armed conflicts and confrontations took place practically in the entire post-Soviet area, establishment of the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan served as a reliable guarantee of Independence of our Homeland, peaceful and tranquil life of the people, as well as successful implementation of reforms. Certainly, at the onset of Independence there were many acute problems in the military sphere as much as in other spheres of our life. Above all, the system of material and technical provision of troops didn’t meet the requirements, their structure and operational strength didn’t correspond to security threats. There was a shortage of qualified cadres due to which we had to elaborate the comprehensively thought-out and long-term strategy of consistent building and reforming the national army.
During a quarter of century based on this strategy and the National Security Concept and Defense Doctrine, as well as taking into account the real assessment of peculiarities of the possible theater of war and advanced foreign experience we have formed a compact, mobile and well-equipped national army with a high combat spirit.
In the short span of time we have formed the military districts, border regions, as well as the mission capable contingents of troops, in the first instance, the Interior Troops Corps and Special Operation Forces able to tackle the complex combat tasks. The effective system of military management, the mechanism of coordination and interaction of various types of troops and branches of Armed Forces is functioning.
The system of training, retraining and raising of qualification of military cadres acquired a principally new basis. In the early years of Independence the national officer cadres made up just 0.6 percent of the total number of servicemen in the ranks of our army and training of officers was carried out only at the three military schools on three military specialties. As a result of the accomplished work, three more military educational institutions were created and the education of cadets has been made multidisciplinary.
The Academy of Armed Forces established in 1995 took a special place in addressing the most important tasks in terms of training the higher command level officers, conducting the science research and development in the sphere of defense.
A significant attention was also paid to forming the sergeant corps as a basis of our army. Their training is conducted on 26 directions and specialties at the sergeant schools established in 2001 on the best world standards.
After gaining Independence a significant work was also accomplished in the sphere of reforming the system of calling up citizens for active military service. As a result, we have been able to cardinally change the attitude of society to the army.
Thus, in the early years of establishment of the national army there were the serious problems in terms of filling up its ranks with conscripts. It was required to overcome and eliminate the vestiges of the army of the old regime – the non-statutory relations which brought about extremely unhealthy moral and psychological situation in the military units.
In order to tackle these issues, for several years we carried out a consistent work on eliminating these negative phenomena. The term of active military service was reduced to one year. The social and communal conditions and food ratio of servicemen was radically improved. The system of benefits was introduced to the discharged servicemen in their employment and applying to higher educational institutions. All of this has encouraged a healthy moral atmosphere in the military units and raising the prestige of service in the army among youth.
The creation of the system for citizens to serve in the mobilization conscription reserve – the unique of its kind – became a logical continuation of these reforms. The young men not only go through necessary military training, receive spiritual and physical upbringing, but also raise their civic responsibility and get imbibed with an in-depth comprehension of their military duty as a defender of Homeland.
Today, we can speak with confidence that mothers see off their sons to the army not with tears in their eyes and not with alarm in their hearts, but with a feeling of pride and confidence in their formation as real and reliable defenders of Motherland.
As the national army develops, we have also been implementing the measures in terms of supplying it with armament and hardware. The troops are receiving the latest and modernized infantry and group armament, helicopters, aircraft, air defense systems, motorized and armored vehicles, and communication tools.
A special attention is being paid to social protection of servicemen and members of their families, establishing the modern social and communal conditions at the military towns. The set of programs in this sphere are being realized to provide the families of more than 15 thousand servicemen with housing. The systemic work in this direction will be continued.
During the years of Independence the effective mechanism of civil control over the Armed Forces has been elaborated. It provides for an transparency of their activity, broad involvement of civil institutions and public organizations to drafting and realization of the policy of military construction, upbringing servicemen and conscripts. The defense committees of both chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as the Public Council at the Ministry of Defense established in 2012 actively interact with the Armed Forces.
All of the aforementioned serves to such an important goal as uniting our army with the people and the people – with the national army. Taking this opportunity, I would like to express a deep gratitude to all servicemen and compatriots who have made a commendable contribution with their diligent labor to the noble cause of creating the Armed Forces and consolidating their combat strength.
The rapidly changing military and political situation in the region and the world, growing threats and challenges to our security, and finally, the life itself require us not to stop with what we have achieved. Based on deep and critical analysis of all our achievements and mistakes it is important to continue the well thought-out and consistent efforts in terms of further development and improvement of our national army.
First, raising efficiency of legislative regulation of such an important sphere as the national security is among our priorities. Most of the documents in this sphere don’t correspond to modern realities.
We objectively need to form a clear state system of strategic planning to ensure the national security. The National Security Concept, which is regularly renewed as and when necessary, must take a central place in this system. The principle of flexibility and openness of Uzbekistan’s foreign policy, the priority of development of constructive relations with our closest neighbors must be placed in the Concept. Along with this, it is necessary to firmly maintain a guideline to preserve the sovereignty and independence of Homeland, as well as cultural and civilization identity of our people.
In this regard, it will be appropriate to declare once again that commitment to the course of non-alignment to any military and political blocs, prevention of stationing of foreign military bases and facilities in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan and non-participation of servicemen in peacemaking operations abroad remains the principle position of our country.
Taking into account the dynamics of development of the situation in the world and the region, the need to adequately react to emerging threats and challenges, as well as our priorities and capacities, there is a need to revise the Defense Doctrine of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Only such a systemic approach will allow us to develop a unified, coordinated and consistent strategy in the sphere of national security, direct available resources and means to achievement of priority objectives, prevent their scattering and distraction to secondary tasks.
Second, the system of organizational structure of the Armed Forces needs to be further improved. Based on the experience of development of military capability accumulated by us, the structure and tasks of each military district need to be clarified paying a special attention to its purpose, specifics of the use of troops and the peculiarities of line of operations. The task of strengthening the potential of our “air shield” – the Air Defense and the Air Force also needs a profound attention and concentration of resources. Their organizational structure, command and control system need to be improved in the short period of time along with implementation of the set of measures in terms of supplying them with modern equipment and armament.
Third, we need to develop a new approach to planning the training of troops,which primarily must correspond to the tasks assigned to the units, the level of their preparedness and availability of equipment. In the final outcome, the major criterion for us in this work must be the practical outcome, focus on the real increase of combat capabilities and combat-readiness of the Armed Forces, as well as the high level of coordination and effective interaction.
Fourth, improvement of the system of training of professional military cadres of all levels must remain in the focus of our attention.
In this regard, our first step will be establishment of a brand-new Armed Forces Academy. It will combine the glorious military traditions of the Tashkent Higher Command Combined Arms Military School and the experience accumulated by the present Academy and leading scientific and educational institutions of the country. The Academy will take a truly major place in the unified system of military education and become a real center of military science. It will continue training lieutenants, retraining the active-duty officers and provide special training to commanding cadres of our army.
In the course of implementation of this task, we must introduce the latest methods and technologies to the education process, provide classrooms with modern simulators, teaching, laboratory and computer equipment, create favorable conditions for raising the awareness of attendees, their leisure and engaging in sports.
Meanwhile, the requirements to the selection of candidates should be raised to identify the worthy young men capable to study at a military school and who possess high intellect and leadership skills. With this purpose, the two or three colleges and lyceums must be defined in each region which along with their main functions will provide an in-depth training of candidates for enrollment at higher military educational institutions.
Besides, it is expedient to use more broadly the opportunities for training the teaching personnel of all our military schools, including at the leading foreign educational institutions.
Fifth, re-supplying of troops with modern types of armament and military equipment is our crucial task for today and the future.
Unfortunately, this issue is not being implemented at a required pace.
In this regard, as a primary task we must develop the Comprehensive program for 2017-2021 which envisages specific activities on procurement of military goods, repair and modernization of available military equipment ensuring their purposeful financing.
I believe that it is a high time to start creating our own military industry. In this regard, we need to explore the issue of establishment under the supervision of the First Deputy Prime Minister A.Ramatov of a relevant state body responsible for pursuing an integrated policy in the sphere of defense industry and placing all repair plants of the Ministry of Defense, the Chirchik Aviation Repair Plant, as well as “Vostok” Scientific Production Association State Enterprise under its jurisdiction.
In the future, along with raising the efficiency of their activity, we need to focus on establishing the scientific-production basis, service centers and joint ventures, as well as localization of production of specific types of military goods at the leading enterprises of the country.
Sixth, we need to concentrate on raising the efficiency of measures on social protection of servicemen. Today, we have come across with an objective necessity to develop the new mechanisms of implementation of the state programs in this sphere.
With these goals, it is important to accelerate the development of much-needed regulatory and legal acts aimed at improvement of the procedure of active duty, logistics, housing and medical support of servicemen. The Law “On pension coverage of persons who served in the military, interior bodies, customs and their family members” must be adopted.
The new system of allocation of long-term soft mortgage loans for construction of individual housing, which has positively recommended itself, should be more broadly introduced into the system of providing servicemen with housing. This year alone, in all regions of the country, we will start the construction of 56 three-storied apartment buildings for the families of servicemen with allocation of soft mortgage loans.
Seventh, the continuous work on patriotic upbringing of our youth is urgently significant for us. It is an open secret that patriotism is a moral basis of sustainability of any state and stands as an important mobilizing resource for comprehensive development of society. Therefore indeed, we must take specific steps to nurture a firm immunity among our citizens against negative impact of alien ideas and strengthen the feeling of responsibility for the fate of Motherland. Young people, who have passed the army school of courage, steadfastness and stalwart devotion to Motherland, may become a reliable buttress in this challenging work. In this regard, the departments and divisions for defense affairs must maintain continuous links with them. It is important to broaden their authorities in this work and interaction with local state authorities. Another step would be the establishment under the supervision of the Prime Minister A.Aripov of the Republican commission for employment of citizens, who served in the military and mobile conscription reserve, as well as the relevant commissions under regional, municipal and district administrations directly headed by governors and mayors.
Taking into account the successes achieved by the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense in the issues of patriotic upbringing of youth, its capacities should be broadened by establishment of regional subdivisions of the Council in the structure of regional administrations, whose work must be organized in close interaction with the command of military districts.
The persistent and planned implementation of all aforementioned tasks requires from us the full mobilization of capacities to continue and deepen the systemic work in terms of further reforming the national army, increasing its potential and combat capability. Therefore indeed, this direction, along with other spheres of socio-political life of our country, will go into the Strategy of Actions of Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2017-2021 which is now being developed.
In accordance with this most important document, a set of specific measures will be adopted and implemented aimed at improvement of the legal framework in the sphere of defense, raising the efficiency of organizational forming-up, operational strength of contingents of troops, systems of manning and training of military cadres, supplying the troops with modern types of armament and hardware, as well as improving the issues of their comprehensive support.
In this festive day, I would like to express the words of sincere gratitude to mothers and fathers of those, who are serving with dedication in the Armed Forces and commendably fulfilling their honorable, noble and responsible duty on the protection of Motherland!
I congratulate you once again, my dear compatriots, your loved ones on the Day of Defenders of Homeland and the 25th Anniversary of establishment of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan! I wish all of you a sound health, many successes in your service, happiness and well-being, strength and energy in serving Motherland!
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan,
Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
Government sums up results for 2016 and determines yearly priorities
at the extended session
On 14 January an extended session of the Cabinet of Ministers, dedicated to comprehensive analysis of the results of social-economic development of the country in 2016 and determining the most important directions and priorities of economic and social program of the government in 2017 was held in Tashkent.
The chairmen of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis, state advisors of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, members of the government, heads of business associations, public organizations as well the Jokargy Kenes and the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, khokims of regions, cities and districts attended the session. For the first time, senior officials at local khokimiyats, territorial departments of ministries, agencies, enterprises and entrepreneurs took part at the governmental meeting through videoconferencing, organized at the regional, city and district centres.
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev delivered a keynote speech at the session.
In his speech, the President underlined that the continuity in consistent implementation of the Uzbek model of development and Program of further reforms, structural transformations and modernization of the country, developed under the leadership of First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, ensured maintenance of stable and sustainably high rates of economic growth and macroeconomic balance, increase of the level and quality of life of the population.
During the discussion of the issues, included into the agenda of the meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, it was highlighted that the gross domestic product of the country increased by 7,8% in 2016. The volume of industrial production grew by 6.6%, contractual construction works –12.5%, retail trade – 14.4% and services – 12.5%. The State Budget was executed with a surplus at 0,1% to GDP. The surplus in foreign trade turnover has been secured. The inflation rate has not exceeded forecast parameters and constituted 5,7%.
Over 16,6 billion US dollars or 9,6% more than in 2015 were invested into the economy. The volume of foreign investments and loans increased by 11,3% and exceeded 3,7 billion US dollars. The realization of 164 large investment projects with a total cost of 5,2 billion US dollars were completed, including production of new T-250 car model at GM Uzbekistan JSC, enhancement of the cement plant in Djizak region, construction of two steam-gas installations with a total capacity of 900 MWt at the Talimarjan power plant and energy block of burning high-ash coal with a capacity of 150MWt at the Angren power plant.
A new Angren-Pap electrified railway line was constructed with a unique 19 km long tunnel through Qamchiq mountain pass, which connected Fergana valley regions with other regions of the country through a reliable transport link. Afrosiyob high-speed passenger trains started to travel from Tashkent to Bukhara.
The program measures on modernisation and diversification of agriculture under implementation ensured the growth of agricultural output by 6,6%, including of fruits and vegetables – 11,2%, potatoes- 9,7%, melons- 10,5%.
The measures on comprehensive support and protection of private property and entrepreneurship contributed to creation of around 32 thousand new small businesses in 2016, or 18% more than in 2015. The small businesses’ share in GDP of the country increased to 56,9%, and in industry to 45%.
Thanks to positive structural transformations and high rates of economic growth the real income of population increased by 11%. The salaries of workers of the budget organizations was raised by 15%, pensions and social benefits – 12,1%. Around 726 thousand people have been newly employed, including 438,5 thousand graduates of educational institutions.
Within the framework of the State program “Year of healthy mother and child” a wide complex of measures on strengthening healthcare of mothers and children, formation of healthy and harmonically developed generation was implemented, for funding of which over 8 trillion soums and 212 million US dollars were directed.
The President of the country, analysing in detail and comprehensively the existing unsolved problems and partial utilisation of reserves, explicated his proposals on key strategic tasks and important priorities of economic and social program of the country for 2017. Among priority tasks, a central role is attached to development of permanent, open dialogue with population within the framework of implementing the State program “Year of dialogue with people and human interests”, continuation of active social policy, directed towards further improving the level and quality of population, their material welfare.
The government, heads of ministers, agencies, business associations and local governance bodies were assigned concrete tasks on eliminating the shortcomings in the development of the spheres and territories, as well as development and realization of the complex of measures, on continuing active investment policy, strengthening protection of rights and interests of entrepreneurs, gradual decrease of the role of state in managing the economy and cardinal improvement of the work of the governmental bodies.
The president underlined the most important tasks and measures on realization of newly adopted targeted programs on construction of affordable housing, development and modernization of road-transport, engineering-communications and social infrastructure, ensuring improvement of the quality of life of the population in city and rural areas.
The reports of the Prime Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan, his deputies, heads of several ministries, agencies and business associations, as well as the Chairman of the Jokargy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, khokims of regions and Tashkent city have been heard during the discussion of the issues on the agenda of the session.
For admitted failures and deficiencies and lack of initiative, some officials were warned of personal responsibility for quick elimination of shortcomings, as well as ensuring the effective implementation of the tasks for the further intensive development of industries and regions of the country.
The President of the country laid the following priority tasks and requirements before the government, heads of ministries, agencies, business associations and khokimiyats:
first – development of complex measures on eleven priorities of economic and social program for 2017;
second– ensuring critical analysis of state of affairs in the spheres of the economy, social sphere and regions of the country on a systemic basis, making amendments on this basis to main directions and priorities of deepening the economic reforms;
third– increasing personal responsibility of the heads and senior officials for end results, their compliance with strict discipline and strengthening effectiveness of the management system in accordance with increased modern requirements.
Following the discussions, a governmental decision was adopted, which determines the practical measures on ensuring implementation of most important directions and priorities of the program of social-economic development of the country for 2017.
The rule of law is an important factor of ensuring human interests
On the eve of the Day of workers of prosecution bodies of Uzbekistan, President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev met with a group of employees of the sphere on 7 January.
The meeting was attended by the chairmen of the Chambers of the Oliy Majlis, members of the government, representatives of state and public organizations, employees and veterans of the prosecution bodies.
President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a law “On establishing Day of workers of prosecution bodies of Uzbekistan” on 19 December 2016. According to the law, day of workers of prosecution bodies will be observed in Uzbekistan on 8 January.
Uzbek head underlined that Uzbekistan observes the Day of workers of prosecutors’ bodies for the first time. He congratulated workers of the prosecutors’ bodies of Uzbekistan with their holiday and wished strong health, peace, success in their work.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev said that people can endure any hardship, but cannot tolerate injustice. Prosecution authorities should play an important role in further strengthening of justice in society, he added.
President underlined that workers of prosecution bodies have responsible task, which require dedication and objectivity.
He said that human fate is behind of each decision. Adoption of well-considered and balanced decisions should be the main criterion for the activities of prosecutors.
It was noted that prosecution bodies play an important role in strengthening legislation and their execution, improving legal awareness of population, forming democratic legal state, supporting development of private property and entrepreneurship, their interests.
During the meeting, it was underlined that presidential decree “On additional measures on ensuring rapid development of entrepreneurship activities, all-round protection of private property and the qualitative improvement of the business climate” was adopted on 5 October 2016. It increased responsibility of the officials for illegal intervention and obstruction to activities of the businesses, as well as unjustified suspension of their activities.
This puts additional responsibilities to the prosecutors over supervision of correct and full execution of the legislative acts and prevention of violations.
Mirziyoyev said that prosecution bodies should play an important role in further developing entrepreneurship activities.
It was underlined that if the entrepreneur is rich, the state will be rich as well. All conditions should be created for businesspeople. Prosecutors should help and support businesses.
2017 was announced as the Year of dialogue with population and human interests and prosecutors should solve important tasks. Mirziyoyev said that no appeals of the population and businesses should be ignored.
Edward Rtveladze: President’s Initiative to Raise Science Advancement
to a New Level
January 06, 2017
On the Eve of the New Year, 30 December 2016, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev met with leading representatives of the nation’s scientific circles with participation of members of government, heads of ministries and agencies, public and civil organizations, members of the Academy of Sciences and chiefs of the country's leading higher education institutions.
Today it is evident that new historical period, new era of development in all spheres of life has come, be it politics, economics, social and humanitarian spheres, and, of course, science. After all, there is the closest and indissoluble connection between science and life: the more science serves for life, the more life enriches science. Based on the prerogatives voiced by the head of state, science and those, who engaged in it, will be given a special attention.
One of the participants of the meeting - the member of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan Edvard Rtveladze has kindly agreed to talk with us about the further development of our country's science.
Edward Vasilyevich, as the head of state noted at the meeting with representatives of science, the time requires to raise advancement of all sectors of society and science to a new level, because without that, it is difficult to solve urgent tasks facing society. Comprehensive support for science and scholars is one of the priority objectives of the government. This idea was reflected in the decree to further improve and promote the activities of the academicians of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, which was adopted under the curtain of 2016. How has this initiative been apprehended?
First of all, I would like to sincerely thank the leader of the country for the care and support of science, academicians, which have been manifested by Shavkat Miromonovich from the first steps in his tenure in the high office of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. This initiative was warmly apprehended and fully supported by the scientific community of our country.
In line with the decree, measures on further advancement and strengthening of the country's scientific potential, enhancing the role of science in the social and economic development, full support of the activities of academics will be taken. The importance of further deepening of the integration of science, education and industry was especially underlined. Today there is a clear need for further advancement of scientific cooperation with leading international institutions, universities, research centers and academies of sciences. I consider fundamentally true the task of creation of the best conditions in our country for our compatriots, who have received education and a degree in the leading foreign educational and scientific institutions, all-round stimulation of their scientific work.
At the meeting with the head of the country it was voiced that there are many scientists with high potential in our country who have received international recognition, and they have to create their own schools.
It really is a very important message. For example, speaking about Uzbek scientific schools of historians, archaeologists, art historians, created by Ya.Gulyamov, M.Masson, G.Pugachenkova, he said they have always been characterized by a high scientific level and broad international recognition. In the years of independence, they were not only continued, but also greatly enriched by new scientific themes that of course have been developed before, but very weakly and superficially. Concerning the significant achievements of historical science of Uzbekistan, I would like to mention the history of statehood developed and yet published by a team of scientists of the institutes of history, art history together with scientists from other scientific institutions of the country. Among them - "Essays on the history of the state of Uzbekistan", the first volume of "History of Uzbek statehood", "Khorezm in the history of the statehood of Uzbekistan." For the first time thanks to the independence a fundamental work "History of Uzbekistan. The era of Amir Temur and Temurids" has been created, which gives a comprehensive description of political, social and cultural life, role of Amir Temur in the world history.
The further advancement of scientific cooperation with leading international institutions, universities, research centers and academies of sciences became one of the meeting's theses. What is being done in the sphere of international scientific cooperation, in fact, is it not wrong if I say that achievements of local archaeologists are a significant contribution not only to the domestic, but also to the world historical fund?
Uzbekistan's scientists have gained great scientific baggage that needs to be developed. It is necessary to improve educating high-potential staff, ensure the continuity of the process of training of the scientific staff and highly qualified specialists, bring a new world-class scientific pleiad. Excavation research in the Obi-Rahmat grotto, Upper Paleolithic parks, ancient agricultural settlement Jar-Kutan, fortress Kampirtepa built by Alexander the Great, hellenistic fortress Uzundar, Buddhist monuments Karatepa and Fayaztepa, portrait gallery Akshikhan-kala and many others long ago have been included in the "golden fund" of world of science. Not by chance is deep interest and direct participation of scientists from America, Australia, Poland, Czech Republic, France, Japan, Russia, among whom I particularly singled out a recently deceased Kyudzo Kato - a sincere friend of Uzbekistan. These achievements of historical science and disciplines related with it are obvious. The contribution of art science, in particular the development of the history of art culture and contemporary art of independence era, is also weighty.
However, creation of generalizing works, in particular on the history of statehood, the history of cities, transcontinental roads, culture and arts, archeology, historiography with the mandatory translation into several languages of the world, must be continued. This will make them available to foreign scientists and the general public.
The President pointed out that the development of the country and society in accordance with modern requirements is difficult to be imagined without the science. The development of science itself depends on fundamental researches. It is through them we learn new knowledge and form theories, create a solid foundation for advanced applied research and innovation developments. What, in your opinion, are further tasks in this direction?
In this regard, it is important to note the attention of head of state on this issue. Looking ahead, it should be emphasized that without government support the it's further fruitful development is impossible: knowing the world and international experience, I think this factor is one of the fundamental in addressing these issues. The experience of many countries shows, for example, that there academic institutions operate on a budgetary basis, whereas in most countries in America and Europe grants, allocated today also in our country, are only an additional source of funding, intended for laboratory and field studies. Of course, now a lot of questions have become imminent, which, of course, will be resolved in the paragraphs of the Decree of the President of Uzbekistan "On measures to further improve and promote the activities of the academicians of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan.
Science has a very important place in the development of all sectors of the economy, in this case, the state relies primarily on scientists, the integration of science and industry today, as never before, is very imperative. Do we need to strengthen this process?
In my opinion, today all the conditions for this integration are created. It is very important to support the president's initiative by consolidating efforts of experts from different sectors, scientists, experts and other interested parties, as it is often made in foreign countries.
Can you cite an example?
Yes, this practice is already beginning to be used in our country. Here is a very illustrative example. In Tashkent on the initiative of the Information Agency Uzbekistan Today, NAEMM, Zamon Press Info Publishing House, "Darakchi" Publishing House an ambitious and unrivalled project "Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the collections of the world" is carried out. It should be emphasized that this project is carried out thanks to the personal attention of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev to issues of careful preservation, enrichment and increasing the historical, cultural and intellectual heritage of the Uzbek people, as well as education of the younger generation on the basis of universal and national values and traditions. It is also important to note that all these themes are elevated to the rank of state policy and are indicated in Action Strategy on further development of Uzbekistan, initiated by the head of state for the next five years.
Tell us more about the project, what is unprecedented?
Together with our Russian colleagues from the State Museum of Oriental Art, the Russian Ethnographic Museum, the State Tretyakov Gallery and the Russian National Library we have already prepared four volumes of richly illustrated books-albums devoted to items found on the territory of modern Uzbekistan and stored now in the collections of various museums and individuals' collections.
Masterpieces created by ancient and modern masters throughout the ages, epochs and civilizations, will fully reflect the unique heritage of material and artistic culture of Uzbekistan. It is important to note that the publication is designed not only for the representatives of the research community, but also on the broad domestic and foreign audience, the younger generation interested in the rich cultural heritage of Uzbekistan.
Readers of these albums will be able to expand their understanding of the rich culture and art of Uzbekistan having familiarized with specially filmed documentary, which will be attached to the book-album in CD. In the future we also plan to publish other museums of Russia, as well as the United States, England, Germany, Sweden, France, where for various reasons the objects of the rich historical and cultural heritage of Uzbekistan are held.
Undoubtedly, this project deserves a lot of attention and will be a significant contribution to the advancement of historical science of Uzbekistan, as well as the further promotion of its national cultural heritage.
In short, I am sure that initiatives of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev will raise advancement of science in Uzbekistan to a new level.
A country with healthy children has a great future
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev met a group of leading healthcare specialists on 5 January 2017.
The meeting, conducted via videoconferencing, was attended by the members of the Government, senators, khokims of regions, heads of ministries and agencies, state and public organizations, rectors of medical higher educational institutions, healthcare professionals.
- Healthcare reforms is one of the main areas of state policy, Shavkat Mirziyoyev said. A particular attention is paid in our country to further improving the healthcare system, stimulating the work of medical workers, wide introduction of modern technologies and treatment methods.
The systemic work, carried out under the leadership of First President of our country Islam Karimov on increasing the level and the quality of life of people, protection of motherhood and childhood, upbringing healthy, harmoniously developed generation, increasing the quality of medical services, is steadily continued. As a result of the wide-scale reforms, carried out in the years of independence, the national healthcare system has been cardinally transformed. The Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On citizens’ healthcare” guarantees provision of quality medical services to the population.
A particular attention is paid to revering the representatives of this profession, motivating their hard work. The decree of the First President of our country “On state program of reforming the healthcare system of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, adopted on 10 November 1998, has served as an important factor in creating a united system of mother and child protection, meeting modern requirements and ensuring provision of qualified medical aid in all regions of the country. In accordance with this document, a modern system of medical services on providing the first medical aid has been created in our country, which has included rural medical units and city family policlinics.
At present, high-quality medical services are provided at specialized scientific-practical centres of cardiology, surgery, eye microsurgery, urology, therapy and medical rehabilitation, endocrinology, pulmonology and phlebology, obstetrics and gynaecology, dermatology and venereology, paediatrics and others. Around 50 thousand highly technological complex surgeries are carried out at these medical establishments, over 600 thousand patients are provided outpatient services. As a result of topical scientific studies in over twenty spheres of medicine, over 1000 diagnostic and treatment standards have been developed.
In 2016, announced as the Year of healthy mother and a child, loans and grant funds in the amount of 80 million US dollars were directed towards equipping the country's health institutions with modern diagnostic and medical equipment, women of childbearing age and children underwent medical examinations and health recreation. Over 350 children with hearing problems were conducted a cochlear implant surgery at the republican specialized scientific and practical medical centre of paediatrics. 700,000 children were vaccinated against pneumococcal disease and other infectious diseases.
But life is constantly changing, the demands of people are increasing. The medical culture of the people, their demand for medical services with up-to-date methods is rising. Gone are the days when people were content with only what is available. This, along with all spheres, also directly applies to medicine, the President of our country said. Therefore, professionals in the field have to learn the most advanced, modern achievements of world medicine, methods of treatments. Complacency is a serious obstacle to further development.
Announcement of 2017 as the Year of Dialogue with the people and human interests has a deep meaning. After all, human interests include health issues, the availability of full access to modern health services.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev at his campaign meetings had emphasized the need to engage in direct dialogue with the people, to learn about the issues of concern to citizens, to listen to their opinions and suggestions. The population has many actual problems in this area, which is also confirmed by the fact that more than 7000 requests and applications to the virtual reception of the Prime Minister are related to healthcare and medicine. People’s applications, their views and suggestions necessitate further improvements in this sphere.
Our President elaborated on the forthcoming work in this area, the problems, waiting for their solution. The issues relating to the activities of rural medical stations have been highlighted. Currently, rural medical centres are adequately equipped with means of laboratory testing, diagnostic aids for primary medical examination. However, we cannot deny the shortage of trained professionals, who know how to use this modern medical equipment, and residents of some remote areas need to go to the district or regional centre in order to just take a blood test.
In some places, health check-ups are carried out formally, the President of our country continued. The shortage of qualified professionals in remote areas suggests that much remains to be done to address the staffing issue.
Rural health units have to work around the clock. To this end, it is necessary to build an adjacent house for a doctor, working at the rural health unit.
A number of measures, aimed at improving the provision of emergency medical assistance to the population, have been adopted. But we cannot say that today our people are satisfied with the quality of these services. A fundamental change of the system is the imperative of our time.
The meeting critically considered the work on execution of the decision of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On measures to further improve the provision of population with medications and medical products" from October 31, 2016.
It is necessary to organize separate clinics for girls and women, the Head of our state said. The birth of a healthy generation, future owners of our day, depends largely on the health of women.
When it comes to health, we have to remember one truth: medical professionals are guardians of our health. People must trust them, and they have to win the trust of the people, Shavkat Mirziyoyev emphasized.
A lot of problems, waiting for their solution, concern specialized medical centres. All existing centres are located in Tashkent. This creates disadvantages for the rural population. Professionals from specialized medical centres should visit the regions and provide medical services to people on the ground, carry out surgeries, said the President of our country.
At the meeting, the responsible officials were given specific instructions concerning the further development of healthcare, improving the level and quality of medical services in accordance with international standards, widespread introduction of advanced educational technologies in the training of young professionals, further expanding cooperation with leading medical centres and educational institutions of the world, well-known scientists and experts, and other relevant issues.
Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan, minister of health A.Ikramov, first deputy minister of health A.Hojiboev, deputy ministers of health E.Basitkhanova, S.Saidaliev, director of the republican specialised centre of urology F.Akilov, director of specialised scientific and practical centre of therapy and medical rehabilitation A.Alyavi, director of the republican scientific centre of immunology T.Aripova, senator Z.Nizomhujaev, chairwoman of the “Soglom avlod uchun” international charity fund S.Inamova, chairman of Jokargi Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan M.Erniyazov, khokim of Andijon region Sh.Abdurakhmonov, khokim of Bukhara region U.Barnoev and others noted that a particular attention, paid by the President of our country to the healthcare sphere, has an important significance for its development, a systemic work will be conducted taking into account the conclusions from the expressed critical notes and they will employ all forces and possibilities to eliminate the shortcomings and to solve the urgent tasks in the sphere.
by Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the joint session
of the Chambers of Oliy Majlis dedicated to
a Solemn Ceremony of Assuming the Post
of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Assalomu Alaykum, dear compatriots!
Dear Chairman of the Senate and the senators!
Esteemed Speaker and the deputies!
Ladies and gentlemen!
First of all, addressing to you, my dears, and in your person to our entire nation, allow me time and again to express gratitude from the bottom of my heart to my all fellow countrymen, who have laid a high trust in me and elected to the post of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Today, standing from this high rostrum, I express the heartfelt gratitude to the representatives of all nationalities and ethnicities living in our country, esteemed elderly, our kind and beloved women and energetic youth. I consider it both my duty and obligation to bow low to our diligent and magnanimous people who possess the high humane qualities.
I consider such a high trust shown to me by you, my dear compatriots, our people and the nation as a big honor and enormous responsibility. I do promise to devote my entire strength and energy, knowledge and experience, and my whole self to justify such a high trust, which cannot be compared to or weighed by anything.
I especially thank all members of the Uzbekistan Liberal-Democratic Party who have nominated my candidature to the post of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and supported me during the entire election.
Along with this, I once again express my gratitude to the chairman of the Central Council of the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan Khatamjon Ketmonov, the chairman of the Central Council of the “Milliy Tiklanish” Democratic Party Sarvar Otamurodov and the chairman of the Political Council of the “Adolat” Social-Democratic Party Narimon Umarov who have participated in these elections conducted on alternative basis.
Taking this opportunity, I also express my deep gratitude, innermost esteem and high respect to all heads of foreign states, international organizations, the political and public figures, who have sent their congratulations and greetings to me, as well as the heads of diplomatic missions of foreign states in our country, who have supported us during the electoral process and are doing it at all times and participating today in our session.
All of us are well aware that each and every sovereign state has its own unique history and culture. The people of this nation are duly considered to be those who truly create and make this history and this culture. The centuries-long history of our Uzbekistan and the period of its last 25-year development, the progress aimed at strengthening its state independence and sovereignty has once again confirmed this truth.
The powerful and decisive force of this creative process is, no doubt, our multinational people. All of us are well aware how complicated periods and hard trials there were in the millennia-long history of the Uzbek people. The newest history of Uzbekistan and our world-known achievements give a full ground to confidently say that our brave and steadfast people are capable to overcome any difficulty, barriers and trials with their strength and willpower.
We safeguard and preserve the bright memory of our ancestors and eternally cherish it in our hearts and souls. We are boundlessly proud of our teachers, mentors and contemporaries, who have dedicated their lives to the comprehensive progress of our dear Homeland by demonstrating in practice the unbending willpower, as well as the example of selflessness and courage.
Today, I call upon the chambers of Oliy Majlis, political parties and movements, public organizations and our entire nation to unite the efforts along the path of one objective testated to us by the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, dear and esteemed to all of us Islam Abdughanievich Karimov.
This noble task is to build the consistently and steadily developing, free, prosperous and democratic state of Uzbekistan.
At present, Uzbekistan has its own commendable place and status in the world community. We are open for a close cooperation and practical dialogue with all states in the world. The last democratic electoral process has served as its another confident and vivid confirmation.
You are well aware that nearly 600 observers from 5 prestigious international organizations and 46 states participated to monitor the elections. Especially, the full-scale mission of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Office on Democratic Institutions and Human Rights visited our country for the first time. That is to say, about 200 representatives from 32 states of this international structure, and this is a significant number, have monitored the electoral process, particularly, from the point of democratic principles.
Our people vividly demonstrated their wish and willpower, high political consciousness and active civic stance in the elections. In its turn, this brightly reflects that our people are looking at their fate and the future with big confidence and responsibility.
We accept the election results, first of all, as a fair and true assessment given by our compatriots of the democratic reforms being accomplished in Uzbekistan, the strategic program of progress defined for the near-term and long-term perspective.
All foreign observers openly and unanimously acknowledged that the elections were conducted in the atmosphere of sound competition and struggle among the political parties, in full conformity with the provisions of our national legislation, the universally acclaimed international standards on elections, and in the spirit of freedom and openness. In the announcement of the final conclusions on the election results made recently by the Central Election Commission this truth has once again been confirmed. There is no doubt that all of us are pleased with such a high recognition and such a high assessment.
Today, as I assume the post of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, I comprehensively and deeply feel and realize as a head of state the very enormous responsibility on my shoulders and to what extent it is difficult and responsible to govern the big nation and the big country of 32 million people as continuing the work of the great state and political figure, our dear teacher Islam Karimov.
Our first President with his multifaceted political activity and noble humane qualities has left an indelible and bright trace in the centuries-long history of our Motherland.
Our great Leader was recognized as a prominent person and figure, who won a profound respect, authority and acclaim not only in Uzbekistan, but also throughout the world.
Therefore, at present, thousands of our fellow-countrymen are sending their proposals and suggestions on perpetuating the memory of our dear teacher. All of them are being extensively studied by the state commission. A separate resolution shall be adopted in this respect.
Dear participants of the session!
As I assume the enormous responsibility of being a leader of Uzbekistan, in today’s situation of rapid globalization in the world, intensification of clashes of various interests in the international community and given the tense situation of the ongoing global economic and financial crisis, I lean, first of all, upon our time-honored and wise people, your trust, help and assistance, my dear compatriots.
All of you are well aware during the election campaign I have held many meetings and conversations with voters and the representatives of various layers of population. The practical proposals and lawful appeals enunciated at those open dialogues and the concrete measures taken to implement them, to be frank, have also served for me as yet another big school of life. The final conclusions of such meetings and conversations will serve as a program guideline for me in my very important and responsible activity as the President of the country.
Today, the time itself puts forward before all of us, primarily, before me as a President of Uzbekistan, the new and very responsible tasks. I consider it appropriate to briefly inform you today in our session about these major tasks.
First, wewill steadfastly, resolutely and consistently continue the broad-scale political, economic and social reforms started by our dear First President Islam Abdughanievich Karimov.
This path is a solid foundation of building a free, democratic, humane state, establishing a civil society, raising the economic might of our Homeland and ensuring its further progress.
As the President of the country, I consider it to be my major duty and task to strictly and unconditionally comply with the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ensure the rule of law, conduct the internal and foreign policy, which ensures the rights and freedoms of citizens.
I think that certainly you are well aware of the fact that I have enunciated my ideas related to the practical efforts in terms of implementation of these fundamental principles in the address I had made at the solemn session dedicated to the 24th anniversary of our Constitution.
In this regard, I ask the Speaker of the Legislative Chamber, deputies, the Chairman of the Senate and the senators along with State advisors of the President and the Government jointly elaborate the set of concrete measures on further improving and strengthening the legal foundations of the reforms and transformations to be implemented in our country.
Second, I consider it my priority task to preserve as an apple of an eye and strengthen the interethnic and civil accord, the atmosphere of mutual respect, mercy and kindness reigning in our country.
It is well-known that the freedom of conscience and religion and the rights of representatives of various nationalities are equally guaranteed and the atmosphere of religious tolerance is being consolidated in our country. At present, the representatives of more than 130 nationalities and ethnicities are living in Uzbekistan in mutual harmony. The religious organizations belonging to 16 confessions are freely functioning.
It will remain in the focus of our attention to further consolidate the mutual friendship and accord reigning in our society, ensure the equal rights for all citizens irrespective of their nationality, religion and faith. It absolutely won’t be allowed in Uzbekistan to disseminate the extremist and radical ideas, which would sow discord among them.
The ever intensifying bloody conflicts and confrontations, the danger of terrorism and extremism in some regions of the world today require us to be always vigilant and alert. In this respect, such resolute tasks as providing for the security and inviolability of Uzbekistan’s borders, solidifying the defense capability of our country and not allowing any evil to the country’s doorsteps will always remain in the focus of our attention.
Today, I deem it necessary to once again underscore the very idea, which is important from the principle point of view: Uzbekistan and its magnanimous people are consistently and solidly upholding the position of conducting a peaceful policy and implementing the principles of respectful approach to national and universal values. However, if it is necessary, we are capable of fiercely striking back against any attempts which threaten the sovereignty and independence of our country, the peaceful and tranquil life of our people. Therefore, I would like to address to our nation that no one should have any doubt about that. We have sufficient strength and power for that.
Taking this opportunity, I express my sincere gratitude to the privates and sergeants, officers and generals of the Armed Forces, National Security Service, border and interior troops, as well as all servicemen for their loyalty to their oath and sacred duty.
I am confident that you will continue showing the example of high professional skills, bravery and courage and will remain devoted to your patriotic duty related to preserving and consolidating peace and stability in our country.
I ask the Security Council at the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan along with the Ministry of Defense and leadership of other structures to present in the near days the set of measures on preparation and worthily celebrating the 25th anniversary of our Armed Forces. In this respect, it is expedient to introduce the proposals on decorating the deserving servicemen not only with recently instituted insignia, but also the high state awards.
Third, we consider it our primary task to further and broadly solidify the feeling of justice in our life – the very feeling, which has been revered and prioritized over anything by our people for centuries. In this respect, the words with a deep meaning of our great sakhibkiran (great leader, commander), forefather Amir Temur: “Let justice be our company in each and every deed and a guideline program” must turn for each of us into a life credo.
This issue is first of all an immediate task of the heads and employees of state government and governance bodies, the entire judicial system, prosecutor’s office, interior and supervisory structures, as well as the authorized person of the Oliy Majlis for human rights.
We should take the strict measures in our society in terms of struggling against corruption, various crimes and other cases of infringement of law, not allowing them to happen, as well as ensuring in practice the provisions of law that stipulate the inevitability of punishment of crime.
I think and I am confident that the deputies and senators, broad public and our entire nation will certainly endorse these efforts of our country in this important sphere of building a law-governed and democratic state.
In further deepening the democratic reforms and implementing the concept of developing a civil society, we believe that, as it was before, the citizens’ self-governance bodies – makhallas, as well as the non-state, non-profit organizations, free and impartial mass media will take an active place. In implementing the important principle, namely, “From a strong state to a strong civil society”, above all, we will lean upon the strength and capabilities of such social institutions.
In this regard, we will pay a special attention to the realization of the provisions on consolidating the institution of public control as the most important foundation of democracy enshrined in the Article 32 of our country’s Constitution, the laws and other documents such as “On the transparent activity of the state government and governance bodies” and “On the social partnership”.
In this important work we will hope for and lean upon the advice and active assistance by all our citizens, above all, our esteemed and time-honored elderly and the representatives of greater generation with a profound life experience.
It was thanks to the selfless labor of this particular generation that the large industrial complexes were built and modernized in its own time in our country. Thanks to their wit, intellect and efforts, the new branches of the industry based on high technologies were established, the rare infrastructure facilities were built, the movement of farmers was founded, the look of our towns and villages has radically changed.
It was thanks to the great love, kindness and selflessness of these particular esteemed persons towards our Motherland that the solid foundation of the state of independent Uzbekistan was established.
Taking today’s opportunity, allow me to express my high respect, esteem and sincere wishes to our dear elderly and veterans of labor for their diligent services along the path of the progress of our country and wish all of them a long life, sound health, happiness and well-being.
In this regard, I would like to especially emphasize one idea: strengthening the attention and practical care for the persons of old age and the representatives of elder generation, increasing their pensions, bettering healthcare, social and consumer services for them will continue to remain as one of the most important tasks both for the President, our Government and all khokimiyats (governor’s and mayor’s offices).
For this purpose, at present the set of broad-scale measures was elaborated on strengthening the state support of pensioners, lone elderly and people with disabilities. They will be unconditionally implemented. The additional necessary measures will be taken to increase the number of employees of the “Nuroniy” and “Makhalla” foundations, improving their material and technical basis, further raising their role and status in our society.
Our dear women, who are the priceless virtue of the Almighty Creator, dear mothers, kind spouses, cherished sisters, beloved daughters and grandchildren always care about us, boundlessly believe and render strength and assistance to us along the path of overcoming all barriers and achieving our objectives.
We are eternally indebted to you for your motherly mercy and kindness, womanly charm and compassion.
For this purpose, we consider it our most important task to actively continue the state policy on protecting the health of mothers and children, giving jobs to women taking into account their living conditions, creating comprehensive opportunities on alleviating hardships of our sisters, raising the place and prestige of women in our socio-political life.
All of us are well-aware that Uzbekistan is rich with raw and natural resources and boasts with powerful economic and human potential. However, our biggest wealth is an enormous intellectual and spiritual potential of our people. We know well and highly cherish that our respected intelligentsia – the people of science, techniques, and above all, our academicians, the people culture, literature, art and the representatives of sport are diligently and selflessly working in creating and further multiplying this potential.
We should consider as our primary task to comprehensively support the scientific and creative research by these hard working people and create the necessary conditions for them. With such an aim, our government will elaborate and implement the concrete measures.
Today, the pivotal appeal, namely “Our children must be stronger, more knowledgeable, smarter and certainly happier than us!” took a solid place in the minds and hearts of each of us, the parents and broad public. At present, the youth up to 30 years of age make up 32 percent of our country’s population, or 10 million people. The fact that our youth is turning into a decisive force of our today and tomorrow capable of rightfully assuming the responsibility for the future of our Homeland makes all of us proud and pleased.
We must take to the logical end our broad-scale work being accomplished in this sphere, in particular, our national programs adopted on education and upbringing.
With such a goal, the most important task of the Government, relevant ministries and departments, entire system of education, our esteemed teachers and professors is to take our work up to a new level on giving a comprehensive education to younger generation, upbringing it as physically and spiritually mature persons. The time itself necessitates upgrading our work aimed at creating the modern jobs for our younger generation and ensuring it to take a commendable place in life.
We will continue the state policy on the youth with resolve and consistency. We will not only continue, but we will raise this policy to the higher level in line with the latest requirements as our top priority task. We will channel all available strength and capabilities of our state and society to raise our youth as happy and independently thinking people with high intellectual and spiritual potential, who stand not inferior in any sphere to their contemporaries in the world.
Fourth, theimplementationof the important principle and priority task as ensuring the steady growth of our economy will remain as a strategic objective for me as head of the state.
Above all, we should accelerate the work started on further deepening the reforming and liberalization of economy, structural changing its branches and sectors. Such issues as modernizing the sectors and areas, increasing the level of their competitiveness and developing their export potential should constantly be in the focus of our attention.
For this purpose, we need to more actively attract the foreign investments, advanced technologies and information-communication systems to all spheres.
On this particular basis we should increase the gross domestic product of our country over two-fold by 2030.
The issues of reforming the agriculture and ensuring the food security, no doubt, will remain as one of the most important tasks for us. Most importantly, a profound attention will be paid to consistently developing the complex of agricultural industry and its locomotive, i.e. the diversified farming entities, which are its driving force.
The resolution of the set of issues related to reducing the participation of state in the economy to the strategically reasonable level, further developing and protecting private ownership will be defined as a top priority task for the government, relevant bodies of state governance and khokimiyats (governor’s and mayor’s offices) of all levels.
Our another important task is to support and promote the small business and entrepreneurship, create the comfortable conditions for increasing the share of this sphere in consolidating the economic potential of our country, peace, stability and social accord in Uzbekistan.
Since, a business person sustains not only himself and his family, but also the people and the society.
I am never tired to reiterate the fact even it is being repeated that if people are rich, then the state is also rich and powerful!!!
Therefore, from now on putting obstacles to the development of entrepreneurship will be assessed as putting obstacles to the policy of state and the policy of President. I deem it important and necessary to once again underscore this position which is very important from the principle point of view.
During the meetings with the voters, I became personally deeply convinced that this particular demand was resolutely supported not only by business persons, but also the broad layers of our population.
Fifth, the efficiency of the economic reforms and social changes which we are accomplishing is measured, first of all, to what extent they are affecting the material state, well-being and enhancement of the quality of the living standards of population.
For this purpose, we have elaborated the concrete measures to gradually increase the wages, pensions, allowances and stipends and they will certainly be implemented.
Starting from 2017, the new system will be introduced on providing jobs for the population, first of all, the graduates of lyceums, vocational colleges and higher educational institutions.
Expanding the production of consumer goods and fully meeting such needs of the population, in particular, fully providing our people with variety of food products at affordable prices are among the important tasks before us.
With an aim of protecting a human health, which is considered to be the priceless wealth for us, the Government should concentrate its attention on implementation of the set of measures on radically improving the sphere of healthcare, above all, the activity of its branches of primary healthcare and rural medical stations, further development of the specialized centers rendering services based on emergency healthcare and high technologies.
In this respect, the other day the leadership cadres in the system of the Ministry of Healthcare have been entirely renewed and it can be said it was reinforced!
All of you are well aware that for over the last time the concrete measures have been taken on improving the system of price setting for medicines and medical items. We will resolutely continue this work.
Such reforms are especially worth noting due to the fact that they are aimed at cardinally improving the quality of medical services to the population and supplying it with medicines.
You are well aware that some of the 15 targeted programs aimed at 2017-2021 were adopted and started to be implemented. In the near term, the work on approving the rest of them will be completed.
All of the mentioned programs pursue one goal. They will be directed to tackling a number of urgent issues related to comprehensive development in the near 5 years of residential areas, especially, the rural areas, districts and cities, establishing modern engineering-communication, social and market infrastructure.
Sixth, I consider it the most important and priority task for me to take the concrete measures on constantly conversing with people, implementing their lawful demands, appeals and proposals.
From now on, the system will be established, according to which, not only the government, but also the relevant ministries and departments, economic entities, including the governors and mayors will be reporting on the outcomes of their activity in this direction. Their activity shall be evaluated based on the aforementioned.
Therefore, I demand from each and every head and official to undertake a consistent and efficient work on this particular basis.
You are well aware that we have announced 2017 in our country as “The Year of Dialogue with People and the Human Interests”.
However, all of us well understand that the dialogue with people, talking to them, living with their problems and concerns and ensuring the human interests is not a one-year work for us.
This issue will remain the top priority task in our forthcoming five-year activity. And all of us must deeply and well comprehend this truth.
Since, whatever work we will accomplish in our country along the path of building a new state and new society, we will do all of it in consultation with our people:
- It is these people who brought us up and raised us.
- It is these people who sustained all of us.
- It is these people who have laid their trust in us and elected us as leaders.
Thus, who should we talk to in the first instance: we should talk to our people.
Whom should we consult with in carrying out our work: first of all, we should consult with our people? Then our people will be pleased with us.
If people are pleased with us, then there will be efficiency and blessing in our work.
If people are pleased with us, the Almighty Creator shall be pleased with us.
In this regard, we should recall the phrases with deep meaning stated by our great forefather Alisher Navoiy, which go as follows: “odamiy ersang, demagil odami, onikim, yoq khalq ghamidan ghami”.
It means that living with problems and concerns of people in this world is the highest quality of being a human.
By these phrases our great forefather underscores that a person, who is far from the problems of the people, cannot be considered as an integral part of a human society.
One can be astonished of how these immortal phrases go in full harmony with our current life, our dreams and aspirations and practical activities.
In the activity of all state bodies, we should switch to qualitatively absolutely new system on working with the population’s appeals.
In particular, starting from 2017 the system will be introduced, according to which, the governors and mayors of all levels, the heads of prosecutor’s office and interior bodies will be reporting to the people.
Along with this, as we stated before, it will be necessary to establish the “public receptions” in each and every district and city and ensure their full-scale activity.
It is necessary to clearly define the legal status of these receptions, their authorities and obligations and establish the activity of such a system in which not a single appeal must be left without consideration.
In evaluating the activity of state bodies and officials, such principles as ensuring lawfulness, to what extent the citizens’ rights and freedoms are protected, the quality and openness of rendering the public services for them must be most important criterion for us.
In this respect, once again I want to emphasize one notion. It is not the people who should serve the government bodies, but it is the government bodies who should serve our people.
In this regard, we should raise the efficiency of the system currently in force related to critically analyzing the implementation of the most important social-economic tasks, the purposeful programs on branches and sectors, priority investment projects and other urgent objectives.
Along with this, the practice shall be newly introduced, according to which, the heads of the complexes and economic branches of the Cabinet of Ministers, as well as governors and mayors will have personal reporting hearing before the President.
The Government, governors and mayors’ offices shall be instructed to unconditionally implement the set of measures along with ministries and departments elaborated on the outcomes of meetings with voters and broad layers of population and aimed at tackling the problematic issues in terms of development of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, all regions and the city of Tashkent in 2017-2021.
I deem it very important to actively continue the work on extensively studying the lawful appeals and complaints being sent today by citizens not only to the electronic mail and reception of the Prime Minister, but also to the President and tackling the issues being raised in them.
Generally speaking, from now on, the results of the activity of the heads of ministries and departments and economic entities, as well as governors and mayors will be evaluated not based on the blank economic indicators, but based on how they engage with people and organize their work, to what extent the citizens’ problems are resolved. Afterwards, a relevant conclusion will be made.
If the mark is positive and if the people are pleased, then we thank them. And if vice versa, we bid farewell to such heads!!!
The fact of implementation of the broad-scale tasks before us, first of all, demands from me as a head of the state, three branches of state power, as well as all heads and officials a strict discipline.
Today, the life itself requires to properly organizing our work, ensuring its efficiency and qualitatively upgrading the activity of the entire system of governance in line with the latest requirements.
Certainly, I deeply comprehend that all changes that we are planning are quiet multi-faceted and very important.
However, no matter what obstacles and hardships, the tense and urgent problems we are going to face with, we don’t have a right to adopt resolutions in rush and in a chaotic way, and we don’t have a right to allow for poorly thought-out actions.
Our task is to strictly implement our model of progress and renewal based on the accumulated experience and advanced international practice. In this respect, in order to achieve the near and mid-term objectives, we need to act with a resolve.
With this purpose, in the coming days the elaboration of the Strategy of Action on further development of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021 will be completed.
This strategy will encompass the five top priority directions related to state building, improvement of the judicial system, liberalization of the economy, acceleration of development of social sphere and implementation of active foreign policy.
In order to implement in practice the demand related to having a constant dialogue with our people, I propose before adopting this Strategy, it should be announced in the mass media and broadly discussed among our people.
I am confident that such discussions will serve for further and fuller consideration of our people’s interests.
It is well-known that in accordance with Article 98 of our Constitution, the responsibility for successful implementation of the priority tasks of the economic and social reforms was laid on the Cabinet of Ministers, each and every member of the Government and the heads of the state and economic governance bodies.
In the first instance, this requires of the Prime Minister and his deputies the high-level personal responsibility and effective and full realization of the tasks entrusted with them.
In this regard, I want to propose one suggestion. That is to say, the action program of the Cabinet of Ministers proposed at the joint sessions of the Oliy Majlis chambers on January 23, 2015 and September 8 this year must be further clarified, and proceeding from the latest requirements, the additions must be introduced into it. This is an urgent task.
I hope that at the second part of our today’s session, the new candidature nominated to the post of Prime Minister will inform about the main directions and priority tasks of this program aimed at near and long-term perspectives.
I believe it would be expedient that the major attention in this regard must be paid to the following strategic directions.
First, preserving the high growth rates in our economy providing for further consolidation of the macroeconomic stability and our national currency;
Second, the comprehensive and accelerated development of our country’s regions, i.e. the cities, districts and makhallas (neighborhood communities), especially, the economically and socially backward districts and towns;
Third, to pay a special attention to increasing the real incomes and living standards of the population;
We need to evaluate the efficiency of the work of the Government and personally its new leadership based on these particular criteria.
With such an aim in the coming days the executive structure of the Cabinet of Ministers will be reviewed and adopted.
The major goal of such changes is to elaborate the most optimal and effective system of state and economic governance bodies based on the accumulated experience and in line with the broad-scale new objectives on social-economic development of our country.
In the focus of such system there should be perspective important tasks related to comprehensive development of not only the basic sectors of the economy, but also and first of all, of the regions, as well as ensuring the pivotal interests of our country’s all citizens and raising their incomes.
Besides, we are also facing the tasks in terms of realization of the set of measures related to radical improvement of the activity of such central governance bodies as the Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade, the State Committee for Privatization, Demonopolization and Development of Competition, customs system and other departments.
Increasing the efficiency of the activity of the banking system and other bodies of the market infrastructure also remains to be the urgent task.
Unfortunately, at present their activity significantly lags behind the latest requirements of life and economic reforms.
Therefore, we have also invited the heads of all large commercial banks to our session.
From now on, their major goal is to radically change the methods of their work and secure the true trust of our citizens and entrepreneurs, and achieve to be a real assistant to them.
Therefore, the state banks shall be instructed with the following tasks. Through organizing dialogue with each and every family, we need to create comfortable conditions for the citizens to engage in entrepreneurship.
With this purpose, the commercial banks and their branches at the local level, proceeding from their own capabilities, will be laid with the task to render a financial assistance and support to business persons.
In a word, from now on the banks should teach our people to engage in business, entrepreneurship and promote such initiatives.
Thereby, the people will engage in business in the spheres of horticulture, cattle-breeding, craftsmanship, home labor, services, entrepreneurship, and others. Thus, they will establish their even a small company, will lawfully earn income, financially sustain both themselves and their families and will make a worthy contribution to the development of our makhalla, district, town, region and country.
The main goal of this policy is to create the broad conditions and opportunities for each and every citizen to realize his strength and capacity, his talent and potential.
Less than 15 days have left until the end of the year 2016. In order to successfully conclude the outgoing year, achieve the set goals and create a solid foundation for ensuring a stable development and accelerated growth rates of our country we need to channel all our efforts.
I ask the leadership of the Cabinet of Ministers to comprehensively and thoroughly implement these tasks and provide a detailed report on this at the governmental meeting due next year in January.
Dear participants of the session!
According to Article 78 of our country’s Main Law, in modernizing the country, ensuring reforming and democratizing our society, the important place and responsibility was laid on the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of Oliy Majlis.
For this purpose the following three tasks should be implemented.
The first task, it must be ensured that the instructions defined at the solemn meeting on December 7, 2016 must be concretely realized.
You are well aware that at the festive ceremony held on the occasion of the anniversary of our Constitution, I have addressed to the deputies and senators with one proposal.
My proposal was about that with an aim to create the influential mechanisms of the parliamentary and public control, it was necessary to introduce the procedure according to which they should learn the true state of affairs in the cities and districts and introduce the report of the relevant heads to the sessions of the councils of people’s deputies.
For this purpose, the deputies and senators of Oliy Majlis, elected from each region, on a monthly basis need to travel to a district for 10-12 days. They should thoroughly learn, analyze and draw the relevant conclusions about the activity of the local government bodies, prosecutor’s office and interior department. Based on this, our distinguished Speaker and the Chairman of Senate must lead the discussions of these issues with local kengashes (councils). If such a system is introduced, certainly, tomorrow it will give its positive efficiency.
The second task – it is necessary to undertake monitoring the implementation in practice of the Law “On the parliamentary supervision” in all spheres, including learning and introducing the advanced experience of foreign countries in this respect.
Therefore, yesterday an important issue was discussed at the session of the Senate of Oliy Majlis and the relevant resolution was adopted.
It is well-known that one of our priority tasks in the sphere of economy is to further consolidate the economic ties with foreign states and further enhance the international prestige of Uzbekistan through broadly propagating its economic capabilities abroad, accelerate the attraction of investments and further developing the sphere of tourism.
Thus, with an aim to create the system of effective parliamentary supervision over the activity of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other state departments in this direction, the post of the First Deputy Chairman of Senate was instituted. From now on the activity of the relevant Senate committee will be radically improved.
I want to especially underscore the significance and importance of the third task, i.e. we should take the concrete influence mechanisms in terms of each situation related to non-implementation of the provisions of law.
We need to continue to better the activity of the bodies of state power at the local level, the governors’ and mayors’ offices of all levels and the councils of the people’s deputies. Therefore, it would be expedient, to introduce the practice of organizing the work of exemplary councils of people’s deputies turn by turn in each region by the Senate of Oliy Majlis.
Their main goal and task is to have a constant dialogue with all layers of the population and not only learn about the demands and the needs of citizens but to tackle them as well.
We need to create comprehensively comfortable conditions on tackling the available problems in practice, as well as ensuring for the population to freely work, have a decent leisure time and commendable living standards.
Proceeding from these criteria, we can make conclusions about the efficiency of the activity of local bodies of state authority on implementing the Articles 100 and 101 of the Constitution of our country.
Therefore, I would like to especially underline that 2017 was announced in our country as “The Year of Dialogue with People and the Human Interests”.
All of us are well aware that we need to carry out a lot aimed at enhancing the entire system of work with cadres in order to implement the broad-scale tasks before us.
At present, it can be observed that in many instances in state and governance bodies the utilization of cadre potential, distribution of their duties and authorities is not reasonably and efficiently arranged.
The worst is that this situation hinders our work. If you look at one agency, there are hundreds of employees who work there just nominally. If you look at another one, there is a lot of work and tasks, but not enough people and there is a lack of staff.
The time has come to put an end to such incorrect distribution of labor. Each state employee must clearly know his duties and obligations, simply speaking, to be able to cope with his responsibilities.
This is the requirement of contemporary time. If we do not fulfill this work ourselves in order to accomplish our tasks and objectives, no one will come from beyond and do it for us.
From this point of view, I believe the time has come to develop a targeted program, which would encompass the important issues of forming the practical cadre reserve, their training and retraining.
The main task is to form the new corps of managerial staff and officials with high professional skills and modern thinking, be capable of making the well thought-out and comprehensively correct decisions, and achieving the set goals.
In this a special attention must be paid to training the skilled cadres for the regional governance bodies, above all, for the governors’ and mayor’s offices of districts and cities.
For this purpose, the scientific and practical potential and capabilities of 6 academies, the Scientific-Education Center of Corporate Management at the Cabinet of Ministers along with educational institutions must be more actively mobilized.
In this regard, it will be correct to say that the Academy of State Administration at the President is completely not fulfilling the task entrusted upon it. Therefore, we are forced to cardinally change the working method of this Academy and reconsider its managerial staff.
Along with this, it is required to enhance the duties and authorities of local governors’ and mayor’s offices.
The relevant proposals are being elaborated on delegating the additional authorities to local governors’ and mayor’s offices considering their role in comprehensive development of regions, implementation of social-economic programs, ensuring implementation of laws, efficient coordination of the activity of bodies of state power at the local level.
You are well aware that the approaches and position of our state in the sphere of foreign policy have been thoroughly outlined in the address dedicated to the Constitution Day.
In addition to those ideas, I would like to say that we consider deep studying and practical implementation of the best practices in the world as one of the important conditions of successful fulfillment of the broad-scale tasks before us.
We will organize the close cooperation with foreign states, above all, the neighboring countries, as well as the international institutions in line with today’s requirements and based on mutual trust and consideration of mutual interests.
The relations of cooperation with businessmen, who have demonstrated themselves as reliable partners, will certainly be continued in Uzbekistan.
In this regard, the newly established Senate committee is required to consistently fulfill the tasks entrusted upon it.
Dear fellow countrymen!
All of us well understand that more enormous tasks are awaiting us. We will build the great future of our Motherland along with you, my dear compatriots. Together with our brave and noble people we will certainly achieve our set goals.
Let the Almighty God support all of us in this cause!
I wish all of you a sound health, happiness and success, peace and tranquility, plenty and abundance to your homes.
Let our country be peaceful, our skies blue, and our people always be safe!
Thank you for your attention.
THE RULE OF LAW AND ENSURING THE HUMAN INTERESTS
– THE GUARANTEE OF PROGRESS OF THE COUNTRY
AND WELL-BEING OF THE NATION
Ladies and gentlemen!
On the eve of the remarkable date in the life of our country – celebration of the Constitution Day, I am profoundly pleased to meet you in this beautiful and sublime palace of forums “Uzbekistan”.
Expressing boundless respect and esteem to all of you, our entire nation, allow me congratulate from the bottom of my heart on the 24th Anniversary of adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Adoption of the Constitution of the Independent Uzbekistan on December 8, 1992 became an important historical event in the life of our country.
All of us are well aware that the prominent statesman of our contemporary time, our great leader, esteemed Islam Abdughanievich Karimov uniquely contributed to the elaboration and implementation of the Constitution into our life.
In elaboration of this document, which has radically changed the consciousness, worldview and the entire life of our people, the profound and in-depth ideas of conceptual significance of Islam Abdughanievich laid a solid foundation.
I always remember with pride that as a member of the Oliy Kengash (Supreme Council) within the Constitutional Commission I directly participated in the process of development and adoption of our Main Law. I still vividly recall how the Constitution acquired its present day content and form, the active discussions and disputes in the course of this complex process.
Indeed, in the extremely difficult period of 90s the leadership of such a great political figure with broad strategic thinking and farsighted vision as Islam Abdughanievich was of a crucial significance in drafting the Main Law.
In an unstable and shaky situation, when our young state was regaining its feet, it was absolutely unacceptable to allow for such negative manifestations as narrow interests, parochialism, separatism and nationalism.
Along with the universally recognized democratic principles and values it was important to express in the Main Law the unique traditions and rich experience of state-building of our people.
It was thanks to the efforts of our First President that the great notion “The human and human dignity” was elevated as a cornerstone idea.
In his address at the historical session of the Oliy Kengash dedicated to the draft of the Constitution on December 8, 1992 esteemed Islam Abdughanievich underlined the following:
“In the last seventy years we lived under the condition of obedience and worshipping the state. We believed that the state was the owner of the country and its riches. The Constitution provides for a cardinal change in this issue as well. Namely, our Main Law contains the provision, which states that: “the state, its bodies and officials shall be accountable to the society and the citizens”.
From now on, a human being, his life, freedom, honor and dignity and other inalienable rights and freedoms are sacred and guaranteed by state”.
The aforementioned ideas of our First President testify about the scope of the in-depth approach this person has had towards each and every issue related to the state, society and human being. Thus, the Constitution can provide an answer even to the most complicated questions.
In a word, we have all grounds to rightly declare Islam Karimov as the author of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
For over the years of independent development, our Constitution serves as a firm foundation of creating a law-governed democratic state, strong civil society, free market relations and the economy based on the supremacy of private property, building a peaceful and prosperous life for our people, securing a worthy place on the international arena.
Our Main Law created the broad opportunities for the formation and free functioning of the non-governmental organizations and political parties, which are an integral part of strong civil society, and strengthened the main concepts and regulations of the electoral system.
In full compliance with the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other main international documents, our Main Law has guaranteed the personal rights and freedoms, political, economic and social rights of a human being and the citizens. The Constitution created the necessary conditions for a spiritual maturity, comprehensive and harmonious development of a person.
For over the past period the national legislation system was established in the country based on the principles and provisions enshrined in our Constitution. The effective implementation of reforms in all spheres of our life served as a foundation for the progress of our country’s social, economic, political and military potential.
It should be especially underlined that the Constitution has a unique place and significance in raising the legal consciousness and awareness, as well as the political activeness of our citizens.
The active participation of our people in the important political event – the election of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan held a few days ago in our country is a vivid confirmation of this.
Dear friends, we have conducted these elections in a worthy manner to the political heritage of our First President Islam Abdughanievich Karimov and our people, who had felt his boundless kindness.
We note with pleasure that the elections took place in the condition of a sound competition and contest among political parties, free discussion of pre-election programs of presidential candidates, as well as in the spirit of transparency and openness, and in full conformity with democratic principles.
Allow me to sincerely thank the Central Election Commission and members of the territorial and district election commissions for arranging the conduction of the election at such a high level, and all civil society institutions and the activists of political parties, who have assisted them.
It should be especially underscored that nearly 600 observers from 5 international organizations and 46 states have participated in electoral process. In particular, the full-scale mission of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights comprising of about 200 observers from 32 states have participated for the first time.
The international observers highly assessed the works related to preparation and holding the elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. They have acclaimed the fact that all conditions were created for voters at all polling stations, especially, for the citizens with disabilities and representatives of various nationalities in terms of high-level realization of their suffrage.
All of us are pleased that all foreign observers have unanimously acknowledged the fact that the elections were held openly and transparently based on the principles of equality and fairness.
Taking this opportunity, we express gratitude to all international observers, the local and foreign mass media who have participated in the electoral process by showing a keen interest in democratic transformations in Uzbekistan.
Standing from this high rostrum, first of all, I express my boundless gratitude and bow low to all of the voters, the elderly, dear mothers and sisters, energetic youth and our multinational people, who have voted for me and put a high trust in me at the elections.
I consider it as a great honor that our people by their will have chosen me to be worthy of this high post. I shall do my utmost, direct my entire knowledge, experience and whole self to justify the high trust you have laid in me.
The principle of supremacy of law enshrined in our Constitution stands as an important guarantee in ensuring the human rights and freedoms in our society, and efficacy of all reforms.
Nearly 400 integral laws adopted in Uzbekistan for over the recent years legally regulate all spheres of our life and serve to ensuring the human rights and interests.
Along with this, when we speak about the integrity, credibility and availability of the direct-action mechanisms of laws, we should note that we have a lot to do in this respect.
Unfortunately, at present there are a lack of impact of the laws on the efficiency of reforms and low level of their role in immediate regulation of social relations.
We should keep in mind that this state of affairs may lead to distrust in the system of laws of our country on the part of our citizens, businessmen, and let alone, the foreign investors.
I am confident that the respected members of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate will pay a serious attention to this issue.
I deem it necessary that while considering these issues, first of all, we should draft the bills thoroughly and at the level of their direct regulation of social relations. Especially, it refers to dramatic cut-down of the departmental regulations.
In this context, with an aim of more efficient cooperation between the government and parliament in the sphere of lawmaking, supervision and analysis, it would be expedient to establish the post of a representative of the Cabinet of Ministers in the Oliy Majlis on a permanent basis.
We do understand that the adoption of laws is just one part of a job.
The main issue is to timely communicate the essence and significance of laws to our people and relevant executors; ensure their proper implementation and strict observance of requirements of law.
Unfortunately, the work in this direction isn’t at the due level. As a result of this, during the past three years 157 resolutions of state bodies were adopted based on the outdated laws.
Let us think, if the additions introduced into the legislation are not timely communicated to the local level, especially, to the executors who work with them, then what can we say when it comes to their implementation?
The only way to effectively tackle this problem is to establish the mechanism, which functions as exact as watches in terms of putting in place the implementation of laws.
It is unacceptable to be complacent with one or two news stories published by Uzbekistan National News Agency, or television news shows aired by the Uzbekistan National Television and Radio Company in communicating the content and essence of laws to our people. Unfortunately, there are very few analytical stories, news footages and radio broadcasts on extensive scrutiny about adopted laws and which reflect the attitude of our fellow countrymen to them.
We should create an effective mechanism on communicating the core essence of the newly adopted laws, decrees and resolutions to the population.
The current activity of the Ministry of Justice in this respect cannot be described to be at the due level. Thus, the activity of this ministry and its regional departments at the local level must be critically assessed.
The Ministry of Justice along with relevant agencies and departments in a month’s time shall elaborate the concrete proposals aimed at communicating the content and essence of laws to the local level, and broadly propagating them.
Second, in ensuring the rule of law it is very important to raise the legal awareness of citizens and bring them up in the spirit of respect to law.
Proceeding from this very point of view, the time itself necessitates to drafting anew the National program adopted 20 years ago in this respect.
I consider it would be expedient that our parliament will lead the efforts in drafting the National program in terms of raising the legal awareness in our society.
Dear participants of the meeting!
The issue of ensuring human rights, which is enshrined in our Constitution as the supreme value, will henceforth remain in the focus of our attention. Certainly, all of us well understand to what extent it is important to achieve a true independence of judicial power.
In this regard, our primary task is to ensure the implementation of the recently adopted Decree.
In particular, we should extend the tenure of judges and form the corps of judicial officers capable of making fair decisions in court proceedings and high qualification.
Ensuring inevitability of liability for interference in the constitutional provisions on independence of judicial power and conduction of a fair trial will be an important guarantee of achievement of goals which we set before ourselves.
The time has come to enhance the quality of consideration of cases by courts, especially, prevent the red-tape in civil cases, cease the practice of consideration of a case by the court of same instance for several times and passing different judgments.
Our legislation provides all grounds for the efficient activity of lawyers. However, the legal profession has so far not been able to turn into the institution capable of reliably protecting the rights of citizens.
Therefore, we should implement additional measures in order to further increase the place and significance of legal profession in judicial and legal sphere, expand the powers of lawyer.
Based on the principle of “Justice is in the rule of law”, we will consistently continue our works aimed at strengthening the feeling of respect for law and zero tolerance to violation of law.
In this regard, we will pay a special attention to early prevention of offences. For that we should, first of all, take measures to broadly use the capacities of neighborhood communities (makhallas), increase the efficiency and accountability of police inspectors for preventive work, create the decent working and living conditions for them.
In order to ensure the openness and transparency in the activity of law-enforcement, we will establish an effective cooperation with the civil society institutions, mass media and the population.
Especially, a principle evaluation will be given to any situation related to violation of law by law-enforcement bodies themselves and strict measures will be taken in this respect. No one should have doubts about it.
Another evil which hinders the progress of society is a scourge of corruption. With an aim to counter this danger, we should take measures to expedite implementation of the Law “On countering the corruption” recently adopted by the Legislative Chamber and passed to the Senate.
In its turn, all of the aforementioned will serve to improving the system of reliable protection of human rights and interests and further strengthening the confidence of our people in state power.
You are well aware that 2016 on the initiative of our First President was announced as “The Year of a Healthy Mother and Child”.
The State program was adopted in this direction and numerous activities were carried out. This serves to consistently continue and elevate our work on raising a comprehensively healthy generation to a higher level.
Firstly, the legal framework was further solidified in order to protect motherhood and childhood, strengthen the institution of family as a basis of steadily developing state.
In particular, the Law “On the state policy on youth” adopted this year has clearly defined the social, economic, legal and organizational measures and activities which are the main directions of this sphere.
The systemic work was carried out to strengthen the reproductive health, which is an important condition to nourish a healthy child, prevent the birth of children with inborn defects and diseases, further enhance the material-technical basis and cadre potential of medical institutions.
One can speak a lot about this. However, I would just like to dwell on some examples.
This year 80 million dollars of credits and grants were channeled to supply the medical institutions of our country with modern medical equipment for diagnosis and treatment.
In accordance with activities envisaged in the Program, nearly 9 million women of fertile age and 10 million children underwent a medical examination and received treatment.
In particular, the Republican specialized pediatrics scientific and practical center conducted the cochlear implant operations on over 350 children with hearing impairment. 21 billion soums were spent for these purposes. However, it is important for us not the sum, which we have channeled, but the fact that hundreds of our children restored their health.
As a part of these measures 700 thousand children have been vaccinated against the pneumococcus infection and other communicable diseases.
In the framework of the Program the large-scale work was accomplished to create the necessary conditions for our women, construct the modern standard-design housing and social infrastructural facilities in the rural area.
Along with this, with an aim to provide the rural residential areas with potable water and modernize the water pipelines in the district and towns, 100 million dollars were attracted with participation of foreign investments.
As a continuation of the works on development of children’s sports in our country, especially, among girls, over 220 gymnastics halls were constructed at the general secondary education schools.
In order to support the young families, businesswomen and graduates of vocational colleges, the family business and craftsmanship, during the year the commercial banks have allocated credits of more than 2 trillion soums.
Certainly, we can speak a lot about the works which we have carried out in the framework of the State program “The Year of a Healthy Mother and Child”. However, in a word, for these purposes we have channeled 7 trillion 480 billion soums and 190 million dollars at the expense of all sources.
I think the aforementioned alone demonstrates the enormous scope and scale of our activities in this respect.
Taking this opportunity, we cordially thank the medical workers, who are diligently serving in this field and all our compatriots, who have contributed to this noble work.
Let’s all of us together express our heartfelt gratitude and kind wishes to the representatives of international organizations, esteemed ambassadors of foreign states, who are present today in this hall and did not spare their assistance and help.
Today the life itself makes it an urgent task the most important goal, which is reflected in our Constitution – the issue of comprehensively ensuring the human interests.
In order to provide for the human interests, first of all, one should converse with people, know in detail their problems and concerns, dreams and aspirations, daily questions and needs.
During the recent campaign meetings I became convinced of one thing. Lately, we have forgotten to have a dialogue with people. Unfortunately, being among people, talking to them openly and frankly, and listening to their concerns became the last item of our activities.
At present, what do people expect from the government? As we speak about it, I would like to draw your attention to an important issue.
You are well aware that on September 25 this year the online reception of the Prime Minister was established on the Internet. For over the past period, in all, over 218 thousand appeals have been filed by our citizens to this electronic reception. Almost 59 percent of appeals have been resolved and 41 percent of them are under consideration.
I should say it openly: the analysis of these appeals has revealed many things. If you wish, they have opened up our eyes for the acute problems in our life.
What do people file appeals about? Above all, they are addressing about lifting the bureaucratic barriers in various spheres, abolishing many unlawful departmental regulations, allocating the bank credits with affordable interest rates, abandoning the practice of illegal inspections of business activities and inquiring about the activity of law-enforcement bodies.
Along with this, many appeals are being received on construction of housing, public utilities, transport and trade services, supply of electricity power, and the need to better the state of roads.
Dear friends, as you can see, all of these requests are lawful and justified. I think there is no need for additional commentary here.
However, one question emerges in this respect: wasn’t it possible for the local khokimiyats (governor’s and mayor’s offices) and departments, and the relevant authorities to timely tackle the pivotal problems raised in these appeals? Meanwhile, a specific law, i.e. “On the appeals of physical and legal entities”, was adopted in this respect. However, unfortunately, there is a poor supervision over implementation of this law.
Due to these reasons I deem it necessary to bring the heads and officials, who are failing to implement the provisions of this law, not only to administrative but also the criminal liability.
It is not the people who should serve the government bodies, but it is the government bodies who should serve our people and this truth, first of all, must be well understood by the heads of all levels.
In this regard, we must ensure unconditional compliance with the provisions of the recently adopted Decree on protecting the entrepreneurial activity and private property. Since, if people are rich the state will also be rich and strong.
From this point of view, the notions of dialogue with people and the human rights are so closely intermingled that they cannot be separated one from another.
Taking all these ideas and thoughts into consideration, I propose to announce upcoming 2017 in our country as “The Year of Dialogue with People and Human Interests”.
With your permission, I would like to extensively dwell on the most urgent and priority tasks in this respect.
Above all, proceeding from the main goals and tasks of the “The Year of Dialogue with People and Human Interests”, it is necessary to deeply reconsider the approach to mutual relations of government bodies with citizens. We should introduce the new mechanisms and effective methods of permanent dialogue with population and tackling the problems of their concern.
We are thinking about switching to an absolutely quality new system of engaging with people in the activity of state bodies which receive most of the people’s appeals. In particular, starting from 2017 the system of reporting of khokims of all levels (governors and mayors), heads of prosecutor’s offices and bodies of internal affairs to the population will be established.
Along with this, we should establish the “Public Receptions” in each and every district and town and ensure their full-fledged operation.
It should be said that it would be expedient that such receptions operate in the system of political parties, in particular, in the system of the Uzbekistan Liberal-Democratic Party. Since, a political party, as a force to realize the goals and interests of citizens, must be always aware of the problems in the lives of people.
At the same time, it is expedient to concretely stipulate the legal status of these receptions, their powers and obligations.
Our biggest goal is to create the system in which each and every appeal filed to the “Public Receptions” won’t be left without consideration.
In a word, sharing people’s concerns and openly talking to them, alleviating their hardships will serve for consolidation of people’s trust in state and society.
With this purpose, we should ponder about establishing the system of serving the population on the daily and most outstanding state services in line with the principle of “one stop shop” through one department.
Besides, we need to establish the system in terms of elaboration of proposals on raising the accountability of state bodies by permanently learning the state of affairs in each and every region of our country, above all, the state of implementation of decrees and resolutions, as well as their efficacy.
Taking this opportunity, I would like to address with one proposal to the leadership, deputies and senators of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of Oliy Majlis.
That is to say, with an aim to form the influential mechanisms of parliamentary and public supervision, the life itself necessitates that, by learning the real state of affairs in towns and districts, to create the order of presenting reports by relevant heads during the sessions of councils of people’s deputies.
It would be expedient that the deputies of Oliy Majlis and the senators representing each region, for example, Surkhandarya Region visit each month one district for 10-12 days, let us say, Muzrabot District and learn the activity of an executive body, prosecutor’s office and internal affairs department located in their constituencies, analyze and issue the relevant conclusions.
It is well-known that at present the Senate of Oliy Majlis each year hears the report by the Office of the General Prosecutor. Certainly, this is important. However, who will hear the report of the local khokimiyats (governor’s and mayor’s offices), prosecutor’s office and internal affairs bodies, for example, in a remote Olot District?
From this point of view, based on the system established by our First President the esteemed Speaker of the Legislative Chamber and Chairman of the Senate while traveling to the local districts should pay a special attention to how well the heads of the local khokimiyats (governor’s and mayor’s offices), prosecutor’s office and internal affairs bodies are performing their duties, and how they tackle the problems of people and their appeals.
In organizing the work in this respect such authorities as a parliamentary inquiry and hearing reports by heads of relevant state bodies should be broadly exercised.
Summarizing the results of all studies, I consider it will be right to introduce the practice of the Senate hearings of the interior minister’s report, first of all, on the activity in the sphere of prevention of offences.
With such a goal, it would be appropriate if the Oliy Majlis starting from 2017 drafts a year-long action plan on all regions.
We also need to think about and discuss the issue to allow in future the election of local khokims (governors and mayors) directly by the people themselves. If each and every region elects its own leader, it can be possible to dramatically increase the accountability of heads before people and society.
The aforementioned priority tasks, which have just been enunciated, necessitate the further improvement of the system of state governance while proceeding from the requirements of today and the future.
In this respect, it is envisaged to adopt the concept of reforms in the sphere of administrative governance in the Republic of Uzbekistan aimed for 2017-2021.
According to this concept, the concrete measures will be implemented to optimize the structure, tasks and authorities of bodies of state governance, reduce its non-pertinent and duplicating functions, cut the total number of employees, and dramatically decrease the role of state in management of economy.
We will pay a special attention to improving the activity of the executive apparatus of the Office of the President and the Cabinet of Ministers, and ensuring the effective implementation of laws, decrees and resolutions being adopted.
Along with this, we will create an effective system on reforming the institution of public service, thoroughly improving the material and social welfare of public servicemen and their professional competency, as well as hiring the newly thinking, accountable, initiative- and patriotic-minded cadres for public service.
All of these issues will be reflected in the forthcoming law “On the public service”.
In providing for the human interests all of us well understand to what extent it is important the steady growth of our economy at high rates.
Creation of necessary conditions and broad opportunities for efficient labor, decent wages, modern housing, quality education and medical services, rest and leisure – all of them are important aspects which define the content and essence of our economic reforms.
In this respect, the following will be in the focus of our attention: the step-by-step increase of not only minimum wage, but also the average wages at public organizations and self-funded economic entities, pensions, stipends and social allowances.
Providing jobs for the people is not only of economic, but also of a crucial social significance for us. Along with the khokimiyats (governor’s and mayor’s offices), ministries, departments and employer companies the banks should also be more actively involved in this work.
In addressing the population’s employment we also need to utilize vast opportunities in terms of development of tourism.
The State committee for development of tourism, which was recently established for these purposes, must channel its own funds and foreign investments to the development of infrastructures of international standards.
We will pay a special priority attention to the issue of strengthening the investment policy in our country.
Our diplomatic missions abroad should carry out a serious work in order to attract the foreign investments and advanced technologies.
For this purpose, the activity of the Foreign Ministry should be enhanced. Our ambassadors in foreign countries should engage not only in political, but also in attracting the foreign investments into Uzbekistan. In order to supervise over their activity in this respect, I deem it necessary to expand the scope of activity and authorities of the Foreign Policy Committee of the Senate of Oliy Majlis.
This Committee should turn into a major component of the parliamentary supervision for international economic cooperation and active attraction of foreign investments.
It would be expedient that the Committee takes measures on increasing the responsibility of the relevant agencies in terms of ensuring the efficiency of attraction of investments into our country, eradicating the problems, obstacles and barriers in this sphere, and improving the investment climate.
Another important issue in providing for the human interests is directly related to raising the living standards in rural areas, where more than half of our population resides. Therefore, we will continue to pay a major attention to deepening the reforms in the sphere of agriculture, reasonably utilizing the land and water resources, introducing the cutting-edge technologies. Along with this, the concrete plans are being developed on deep reprocessing the raw, and first of all, the cotton raw.
Another priority task – starting from 2017 we will launch realization of the program of construction of affordable and comfortable housing in rural areas in line with renewed standard-design projects.
All of us are well-aware that the innermost dreams and aspirations and pivotal interests of each and every person, each and every family in our country come true, first of all, in the person of their children. Certainly, the profound work is being accomplished in Uzbekistan in this respect and they are yielding positive results in practice.
As we speak about this, I would like to dwell on one example which makes us very proud and honored. This year our athletes won 44 medals, in particular, 12 gold medals at the Summer Olympics and Paralympics held in Brazil. And this became a historical event in the life of our country.
Taking this opportunity, I express my deep gratitude to our athletes, who are raising our nation’s flag high at international contests, as well as their parents and trainers.
It is natural that the issue of upbringing our youth healthy and harmoniously mature will take a special place in the program “The Year of Dialogue with People and Human Interests”.
In this respect, we will take the following work to a new and higher level: creation of necessary condition for our children, construction of the new educational, cultural, arts and sports facilities, building of new houses for young families, providing jobs to the youth, and actively involve them in business activities.
We consider it as our first and foremost task to improve the activity of all components of education and upbringing on the basis of latest requirements.
When we speak about the upbringing the young generation, I would wish that each of us, especially, our sons and daughters, who are just entering the independent life, act in line with the following words said by our forefather Abdurauf Fitrat. Here is what our great ancestor wrote:
“The journey of the people towards the concrete goals, the extent of people’s wealth, happiness and esteem, the state of its success or failure, discontentment, falling into disrespect, obedience, slavery and captivity to others depend on the upbringing they receive as children from their parents”.
What priceless and golden words these are!
If we take into account today’s growing threats of various evils such as the religious extremism, terrorism, drug abuse, human trafficking, illegal migration and “mass culture”, the deep meaning and significance of these words will be more vivid.
Indeed, at present the upbringing of youth remains for us to be the issue, which will never lose its urgency and significance.
Today’s rapidly changing world opens up the new and great opportunities before the humanity and the youth. Along with this, they bring about never-seen-before evils and dangers. The wicked forces put the naïve and immature children against their parents, country and damage their lives.
Given such tense and threatening situation, we are the parents, teachers and trainers, broad public and members of makhalla (local neighborhood community) should further increase our vigilance and watchfulness in this issue. We should bring up our children on our own by not abandoning to others.
For this purpose we need to converse more with our youth, listen to their hearts, learn about their concerns and render a practical assistance to tackle their problems.
In this regard, we should pay a special attention to the work with disorganized youth.
In accomplishment of these tasks, we will lean upon the centuries-long national traditions and rich heritage of our ancestors.
We will channel our utmost and all capabilities to ensure the following: to allow our children, especially the girls, master the modern knowledge, professions and skills, foreign languages and secure a commendable place in life being comprehensively healthy and harmoniously mature.
Our activity on providing for the interests of our energetic young generation will be solidly continued on the basis of the recently adopted Law “On the state policy on youth”.
We will take all measures to turn the “Kamolot” youth social movement into the organization, which will bring together all our youth, allow them to implement their skills and talents, as well as truly uphold their interests.
All of us are well aware that we cannot imagine the human interests apart from the atmosphere of the peace in the nation, mutual respect, mercy, kindness and accord in our society. All of them are our priceless wealth and it is our sacred duty to safeguard them as an apple of an eye.
For this purpose, the place and role of the makhalla (neighborhood community) agencies, women’s, elderly and youth organizations will remain in the focus of our attention.
Along with this, today’s complicated time makes it more urgent to preserve and strengthen our peaceful and tranquil life and ensure the security guaranteed for our people. With such an aim, at present we are taking the measures on deeply changing the system of the Internal Affairs Ministry.
Our esteemed President established the system of police inspectors for preventive work in the lowest level of the Interior Ministry. However, these police inspectors are not engaged with preventing crimes, but rather they are busy with registering the factual offences and reporting them to the higher bodies.
Therefore, we will cardinally change our approach to this issue and will create all necessary working and living conditions for the effective activity of such police inspectors in makhallas (neighborhood communities).
Besides, the post of deputy heads for working with youth will be instituted at each district khokim’s (mayor) office and district Internal Affairs department.
Dear participants of the meeting!
The targeted programs, which were included in our election campaign and are in the process of elaboration now, secure an important place in addressing the issues related to the human interests in our country. The main goal of these programs is to provide for further raise the people’s living standards.
With this purpose, the Government of our country, along with the Legislative Chamber and Senate of Oliy Majlis with participation of social organizations and NGOs are elaborating the Action Strategy on further development of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021.
The Strategy will clearly define the most urgent tasks on state-building, improvement of judicial and legal system, liberalization of the economy and development of social sphere, strengthening the international friendship and accord.
We will conduct our foreign policy, above all, with comprehensive consideration of the interests of our nation and the Motherland.
Love for peace, non-interference in internal affairs of other states, peaceful and political resolution of all contradictions and confrontations will make up the core of this policy.
We will continue the efficient cooperation with all near and far foreign states, as well as the international community. We will adhere to the principle of open, friendly and pragmatic policy in this respect.
Maintaining the active relations and cooperation with the United Nations, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Commonwealth of Independent States, Organization of Islamic Cooperation and other international structures meets the national interests of Uzbekistan.
We will further develop the practical cooperation with the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Islamic Development Bank, International Monetary Fund and other international financial and economic organizations.
Dear and esteemed fellow countrymen!
We are entering the new year 2017 with kind and noble goals.
“The Year of Dialogue with People and Human Interests” which has just been announced, vividly testifies about our plans and objectives which are the reflection of dreams and aspirations of our entire nation.
I am convinced that the state and non-governmental organizations, makhalla, our mothers and sisters, representatives of youth, broad public and our entire nation will actively participate in fulfilling these noble tasks.
The forthcoming year will be another enormous step to consistently pursue the prime goal of our policy, i.e. the noble idea that ‘the human interests come first’ makes ourlife more prosperous and happy.
I sincerely congratulate all of you on the Constitution Day and wish you a sound health, happiness and success, plenty and abundance to your homes.
Thank you for your attention!
I International Fruit and Vegetable Fair in Tashkent
I International Fruit and Vegetable Fair will be held at JSC "Uzexpocentre" from 8 to 10 November 2016 in Tashkent. The fair is organized by the HC "Uzbekozikovkatholding", HC "Uzvinosanoat-Holding", the Association "Uzbekozikovkatzahira", JSC "Uzagroeksport" and LLC "Directorate of International fruit and vegetable fair."
The fair will allow the Uzbek companies to present their products, expand the geography, sales market of agricultural products and to find new foreign partners and for foreign participants - to find partners to establish the supply of fruits and vegetables in their markets.
At the International fruit and vegetables fair it is expected to involve more than 150 domestic suppliers and processors of fruits and vegetables from all regions of the Uzbekistan, representatives of relevant ministries, agencies and organizations that present their products, as well as the needed information for exporters and foreign buyers.
Particularly in exhibition halls, produced in Uzbekistan fresh, dried and processed fruits, vegetables, melons and legumes, as well as spices, will be presented.
Today big interest for local producers of fruits and vegetables are foreign processing and retail companies.
In order to establish cooperation links between local producers and foreign participants, negotiation zone will work in the pavilions of "Uzexpocentre", where suppliers will be able to hold direct talks with the representatives of foreign trade companies, in particular with the decision makers of procurement.
Also for foreign participants of the fair special tours of enterprises of fruit and vegetable processing, cold storage facilities, as well as extensive gardens will be organized.
The main purpose of the fair is:
- A wide introduction of vegetables, fruits, grapes and melons with unique qualities, as well as processed products produced in Uzbekistan to foreign partners;
- Establishing long-term and reciprocal partnership relations between the fruits and vegetables producers, processing enterprises and foreign companies-importers.
- Conclusion of contracts for the supply of fruit and vegetable products.
The Organizing Committee of the fair (Directorate of International fruit and vegetable fair) receives requests from representatives of foreign processing companies, retail companies, shopping and logistics centers to participate in the upcoming fairs.
Registration of participants will be held till 5th November 2016.
Press Service of Holding Company "Uzbekozikovkatholding"
The rule of law is guarantor of progress and prosperity of the state
From the first days of independence, Uzbekistan has set itself the goal of building a democratic state and just civil society, which is the main man, his rights and interests. Looking back on 25-year path of independent development, we can say with full confidence that the huge work for socio-economic and socio-political reforms, which led to large-scale achievements and successes in all spheres of public life and society.
The liberalization of legal system and economy, democratization and modernization of the state - these processes continue to be carried out in Uzbekistan stage-by-stage and interconnected, according to national circumstances and international best practices.
An important component of a democratic state is a strong and fair legal system, which provides guarantees for the protection of the rights and interests of citizens, which, in turn, creates the conditions for prosperity and progress of the country.
In Uzbekistan over the years of sovereign development a series of reforms have been carried out with the aim to improve judicial system, turn it into the main guarantor of effective protection of human rights and ensure genuine independence of judiciary.
Even the first Law "On courts" dated September 2, 1993, has fixed such universally recognized principles as the presumption of innocence, right to protection, competition and publicity of trial, other principles, which then received development in the new Criminal Procedure Code and Civil Procedure Code and other legislative acts of the republic. At this stage of reform the legislative fundamentals of legal proceedings, truly independent and self-supporting judicial system were laid.
August 30, 1995, taking into account the world experience, the Constitutional Court was established in the country. This body ensured compliance of acts with legislative and executive authorities to Basic Law of the country. In the course of further development of sphere the system of economic courts has been established, which in conditions of transition to a market economy has become an important factor in ensuring the rule of law in economic relation. Courts of general jurisdiction were also established. The legal framework of the judicial system has been expanded.
An important step in the liberalization of the judicial sphere was the adoption of the new edition of the Law "On Courts" dated December 14, 2000, which uses the experience of reforming the judicial system, accumulated over the years of independence. In accordance with this document, effective mechanisms for implementation of constitutional principle of separation of powers and independence of court as a full-fledged independent branch of government have been created, and judicial system was completely derived from the control and influence of executive power. Along with this specialization of courts in criminal, civil and commercial matters has been fixed. Appeals procedure for consideration of cases has been entered and cassation instance has been reformed. Life itself has shown the correctness of this decision, as specialization of courts has improved the quality of cases and increased guarantees for protection of rights and freedoms of citizens. The law also covered the issues of selection and appointment of judicial personnel.
The Higher qualification commission for selection and recommendation of judges under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan has been created in order to strengthen the independence of judiciary, democratic principles of formation of reserve, transparency in selection and recommendations of candidates for the post of judges, ensure stability and efficiency of judiciary in the country. Alternative mechanism of dispute resolution – "the arbitral tribunal" has been developed.
In addition, age limit was defined for persons for the first time appointed for the post of judges of inter-district, district (city) courts. Qualifying requirements for training of judges, necessary legal and social guarantees for independent legal procedures were consolidated. Protection of social status of judicial bodies’ employees was strengthened.
As part of active introduction of modern information and communication technologies in activities of courts, improvement of legal proceedings efficiency, extensive measures were taken in the sphere of informatization and effective use of computer technologies, establishment of information systems and resources in courts, expansion of scope of provision of interactive services to businesses and public and, most importantly, implementation of e-judicature, which has been successfully applied in many countries.
So, starting from 2013 the system of economic courts and from 2015 the courts on civil cases implemented a mechanism that allows executing necessary documents for proceedings in electronic form. Use of videoconferencing in the activity of economic courts provides the possibility of reception of citizens in a videoconference mode, monitoring of trials, reception of citizens by leadership of economic courts. All this enables to make the most efficient oversight over judicial activities provided for in Article 43 of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On сourts".
Along with the judiciary system profound reforms are taking place in the system of the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, General Prosecutor's Office and other law-enforcement agencies that ensure lawfulness and legal order in society.
In accordance with Articles 43, 44, 116 of Constitution, everyone is guaranteed judicial protection of his rights and freedoms, right to appeal any unlawful action of state bodies, officials, public associations, right to professional legal assistance at any stage of investigation and court proceedings. In this regard, consolidation of institute of advocacy became one of priorities of further implementation of judicial reforms, which are aimed at comprehensive ensuring effective protection of human rights and freedoms. Civil and social institutions were established. They include Ombudsman, National Centre for Human Rights and a number of others. The presence in the state of persons, who can provide competent and qualified legal aid, is the key to existence of a harmonious society as a whole, legal education and democratization.
Over the years of independence liberalization, humanization and decriminalization of criminal and criminal-procedural legislation have become the most important area of criminal court proceedings.
It is safe to say that measures taken in this area, in particular the Law "On introducing amendments and additions to Criminal, Criminal-Procedural Codes and Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility in connection with liberalization of criminal punishments" of 2001, had a great social and socio-political significance. So, list of grave crimes was reduced, resulting in about 75% of crimes from the category of grave and gravest crimes transferred into the category of crimes that do not pose great danger to society and less serious ones. Along with this alternative forms of punishment for crimes not related to deprivation of liberty were introduced. Punishments on 87 elements of crimes were commuted; in 26 elements of crimes penalties of imprisonment were excluded.
In accordance with the amendments to criminal-procedural legislation, terms of investigation and detention of persons in custody were reduced; on 11 elements of crime use of imprisonment with compensation of property damage caused by economic crimes was limited. Opportunities on cases of crimes in the sphere of economy were significantly expanded – economic sanctions in the form of fines are being applied instead of arrest and imprisonment. Such form of punishment as confiscation of property has been excluded from the system of penalties.
In continuation of this work on August 27, 2004, institute of reconciliation was introduced in law-enforcement, judicial practice, and now this legal mechanism effectively acts. According to it the perpetrator, who does not pose great danger to society and fully compensate material and moral damages to the victims, is not involved in criminal liability. The effectiveness of this institution, its compliance with such centuries-old traditions of Uzbek people, as compassion and forgiveness, became the basis of its consistent expansion.
The abolition of death penalty from January 1, 2008, became the most important step in the liberalization of criminal legislation. In addition, capital punishment - life imprisonment is applied only on 2 kinds of crimes - for terrorism and premeditated murder under aggravating circumstances, on which alternative, less severe punishments also may be applied. In the country this type of punishment cannot be prescribed to women, persons who have committed crimes under the age of 18, men over sixty years.
Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country, which was developed by Head of our State, has marked a new stage in providing complete and reliable protection of human rights and freedoms in Uzbekistan. This policy document identifies a series of measures on expansion of the scope of "Habeas corpus" institute, further development of mechanisms to ensure independence, objectivity and impartiality of the court, enhancing competitiveness in the trial, liberalization of criminal legislation, raising the level of legal culture of citizens.
In the course of implementation of tasks set by the President of Uzbekistan, implementation of international legal standards into national legislation, improving their application in practice is carried on. This is also facilitated by international cooperation with UNDP, OSCE and other international organizations. A dialogue with the European Union is actively developing, a number of joint projects to support reforms in the judicial sphere have been implemented.
The dynamic socio-economic development of Uzbekistan's independent and active promotion of private ownership and entrepreneurship in the country led to reforms in this area. Resolution "On measures to ensure reliable protection of private property, small business and private entrepreneurship, the removal of barriers to their rapid development" signed by the President of Republic of Uzbekistan on May 15, 2015, is aimed at increasing responsibility of state’s officials, law-enforcement and regulatory authorities for obstruction and illegal interference in entrepreneurial activity, violation of private property rights, as well as strengthening protection of private property guarantees the continuation of the liberalization process of administrative and criminal legislation regulating entrepreneurial activity.
The law is large-scale document, which promotes the reformation of criminal legislation of republic towards its liberalization through implementation of a number of international legal norms. In particular, the document incorporated UN Convention against corruption. This law differentiated responsibility for corruption crimes of state and private sector. It makes provision for offenses like commercial bribery, bribery of employee of non-state commercial or other non-governmental organization, abuse of authority of officials of non-government commercial or other non-governmental organization.
Criminal legislation has been liberalized through the mitigation of liability of officials engaged in administrative-distributive and administrative-economic powers in business structures and other non-governmental organizations through the introduction of separate articles in the Criminal Code, which provides for softer penalties.
The Code of Administrative Liability was amended. According to amendments, the confiscation of property for administrative offenses carried out solely on the basis of court decisions.
In Economic Procedural Code examination procedure of corporate disputes has been concretized. In particular, the code included a separate chapter, taking into account the characteristics of which the courts would consider appropriate cases. In addition, the code improved the procedure for considering complaints relating to compensation for damage caused to businesses as a result of illegal act adoption by a state body, citizens' self-government body or commission of illegal action (inaction) by their officials.
Adoption of the Law "On Parliamentary Control" dated April 11, 2016, was an important event in a series of democratic reforms and significant for the legal system of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The purpose of this normative act was to regulate relations in the field of organizing and monitoring the activities of public authorities and management and their officials on observance of Constitution and laws of Uzbekistan, Oliy Majlis Chambers and their agencies’ decision, state programs, as well as on implementation of tasks and functions entrusted to them. In this context, parliamentary control covers scope of activity of the prosecutor's office bodies, thereby increasing the effectiveness of their efforts to ensure the rule of law in the country, protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, interests of society and state.
Thus, judicial and legal reforms in Uzbekistan, which are filled with ideas of humanism and aimed at ensuring the rule of law and protection of citizens’ rights and interests, have strengthened the foundation of the young independent state as international community full-fledged member that develops in a democratic way. Their results became the guarantee of peace and stability, progress and prosperity, and most importantly - well-being and happiness of every citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Jahon Information Agency
(based on the materials provided by the Ministry of justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
State University of Uzbek language and literature to be established in Uzbekistan
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov on 13 May, 2016, signed a Decree "On establishment of the Tashkent State University of Uzbek language and literature named after Alisher Navoi”.
According to the document, the native language and literature are the embodiment of national consciousness, the basis of cultural and spiritual development of any nation.
The Uzbek language has an ancient and rich history, and its formation, as evidenced by scientific facts, was influenced by Bactrians, Sogdians, Khorezmians, and other ethnic groups and nations, who once lived on the territory of the region BC and the early centuries of our era.
Hereby, it is worth to note the important role of ancient Turkic language in the formation and comprehensive development of the Uzbek literary language.
Our great ancestors – prominent figures of science and literature of different times and eras, such as Yusuf Hos Hozhib, Ahmad Yugnaki, Atoi, Lutfi, Babur, Agakhi, Mashrab, Mukimi, Furkat and other well-known educators, having vividly reflected the richness of vocabulary, artistic ability, beauty and elegance of our language in their creative works, made an invaluable contribution in this direction.
Immortal works of the great poet and thinker Alisher Navoi, which are today included in the Treasury of world culture were created in our native language, extending its glory throughout the world.
As emphasized in the Decree of the head of our state, we, as the inheritors of this priceless wealth, should preserve the native language, to constantly work on its enrichment, to further enhance the role and importance, bearing it as our top priority, and this issue will always be at the center of our attention.
In this regard, it should be noted, that on the basis of the Law “On state language”, adopted in 1989, the Uzbek language was given the status of a state, and this legal norm is enshrined in the Constitution of our country.
In addition, a number of resolutions were adopted in this direction, including the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On the state programme of implementation of the Law "On state language" of 1990, the Law "On introduction of the Uzbek alphabet based on Latin script" (1993), the Law "On amendments and additions to the Law "On state language of the Republic of Uzbekistan” dated 1995, resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers from 1996 on introducing appropriate amendments in the above-mentioned state programme and other documents related to the development of the sphere.
The available legal framework guarantees all representatives of different nations and peoples living in our country their constitutional right to development and the free use of their native languages, which surely deserves special attention.
Due to the available wide opportunities for the development of national languages in the country today, training in educational institutions and the activity of media is conducted in seven languages, which serves as an important factor in strengthening inter-ethnic harmony in our society.
Meanwhile, it is necessary to mention the comprehensive system of learning foreign languages, including English that ensures a deeper integration of Uzbekistan into the international community.
At the same time, important researches are conducted on such vital issues as the place and role of the Uzbek language and literature in the development of our society and the people, dictionaries, encyclopedias, monographs and textbooks are published. Great attention is paid to training, retraining and advanced training of scientific and pedagogical staff, specialists of the Uzbek language and literature.
However, as noted in the presidential Decree, we still have much work ahead to remove existing in this area deficiencies. First of all, today's urgent task is the deep study of the historical roots and the full development of the native language on a scientific basis, as well as the expansion of its application, primarily in these extremely important areas and directions, as fundamental science, modern information and communication technology, industry, financial and banking system, law, diplomacy, military affairs. In this regard, one of the important tasks facing us, is the publication of modern textbooks, etymological and comparative dictionaries, the development of relevant terms, concepts and categories.
In the current age of accelerated globalization, the need for in-depth study of specific features of the native language and literature, its historical development, current state and perspectives is rising. The adopted presidential decree "On establishment of the Tashkent State University of Uzbek language and literature named after Alisher Navoi” should serve to increase the effectiveness of the research work in this direction, radically improve the quality of teaching of Uzbek language and literature at all stages of the education system.
In accordance with the decree, the new University is to be established on the basis of the faculty of Uzbek Philology of the National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek and the faculty of Uzbek language and literature of the Tashkent State Pedagogical University named after Nizami, as well as the Institute of language and literature named after Alisher Navoi of the Academy of Sciences.
The newly formed University will have three faculties: Uzbek Philology, teaching of Uzbek language and literature and the faculty of Uzbek-English translation, as well as the research Institute of Uzbek language and literature.
The new University will become the basic higher educational institution on training of specialists in philology, the teaching staff, highly qualified translators, conducting research works, retraining and advanced training of workers, development of scientific and educational materials in the Uzbek language and literature.
The Decree of the head of state has defined the main tasks of the University:
- training of highly qualified scientific and pedagogical personnel meeting the requirements of time, have a deep understanding of specific features of scientific-theoretical, philosophical and aesthetic foundations of the Uzbek language and literature, possessing modern educational technologies;
- training of interpreters, capable of exercising high-quality translations of scientific, artistic and other literature from Uzbek to English and other languages, as well as from world languages into the native language;
- educating students in the spirit of love and devotion to the Motherland, national and universal values, with a broad outlook and independent thinking;
- the study of a historically formed linguistic and literary schools, classical and modern Uzbek language, literature and folklore, the contributions of our great ancestors in the development of Uzbek and world linguistics, their scientific heritage and values of our native language in the world, its relations with other languages, as well as scientific issues concerning prospects of its development;
- preparing evidence-based proposals for the creation of a new academic and teaching grammar that fully meet the peculiarities of the Uzbek language, to improve the phonetic system and the rules of spelling, the publication of dictionaries, encyclopedias, and textbooks on various subjects and areas;
- conducting research on new and effective teaching methods of Uzbek language and literature, introduction of advanced educational technologies in general education schools, academic lyceums and professional colleges, higher educational institutions;
- preparation of scientific and methodological developments, practical recommendations aimed at ensuring a worthy place of the native language in the world information network, creation of software for Uzbek language and linguistic translation, as well as electronic textbooks, comparative vocabularies on the basis of the Uzbek and world languages.
A national Commission led by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh. Mirzieev has been set up according to the presidential decree, which will address organizational issues related to establishment of the institution.
Peace and tranquility are the foundation of all our achievements