I International Fruit and Vegetable Fair in Tashkent
I International Fruit and Vegetable Fair will be held at JSC "Uzexpocentre" from 8 to 10 November 2016 in Tashkent. The fair is organized by the HC "Uzbekozikovkatholding", HC "Uzvinosanoat-Holding", the Association "Uzbekozikovkatzahira", JSC "Uzagroeksport" and LLC "Directorate of International fruit and vegetable fair."
The fair will allow the Uzbek companies to present their products, expand the geography, sales market of agricultural products and to find new foreign partners and for foreign participants - to find partners to establish the supply of fruits and vegetables in their markets.
At the International fruit and vegetables fair it is expected to involve more than 150 domestic suppliers and processors of fruits and vegetables from all regions of the Uzbekistan, representatives of relevant ministries, agencies and organizations that present their products, as well as the needed information for exporters and foreign buyers.
Particularly in exhibition halls, produced in Uzbekistan fresh, dried and processed fruits, vegetables, melons and legumes, as well as spices, will be presented.
Today big interest for local producers of fruits and vegetables are foreign processing and retail companies.
In order to establish cooperation links between local producers and foreign participants, negotiation zone will work in the pavilions of "Uzexpocentre", where suppliers will be able to hold direct talks with the representatives of foreign trade companies, in particular with the decision makers of procurement.
Also for foreign participants of the fair special tours of enterprises of fruit and vegetable processing, cold storage facilities, as well as extensive gardens will be organized.
The main purpose of the fair is:
- A wide introduction of vegetables, fruits, grapes and melons with unique qualities, as well as processed products produced in Uzbekistan to foreign partners;
- Establishing long-term and reciprocal partnership relations between the fruits and vegetables producers, processing enterprises and foreign companies-importers.
- Conclusion of contracts for the supply of fruit and vegetable products.
The Organizing Committee of the fair (Directorate of International fruit and vegetable fair) receives requests from representatives of foreign processing companies, retail companies, shopping and logistics centers to participate in the upcoming fairs.
Registration of participants will be held till 5th November 2016.
Press Service of Holding Company "Uzbekozikovkatholding"
The rule of law is guarantor of progress and prosperity of the state
From the first days of independence, Uzbekistan has set itself the goal of building a democratic state and just civil society, which is the main man, his rights and interests. Looking back on 25-year path of independent development, we can say with full confidence that the huge work for socio-economic and socio-political reforms, which led to large-scale achievements and successes in all spheres of public life and society.
The liberalization of legal system and economy, democratization and modernization of the state - these processes continue to be carried out in Uzbekistan stage-by-stage and interconnected, according to national circumstances and international best practices.
An important component of a democratic state is a strong and fair legal system, which provides guarantees for the protection of the rights and interests of citizens, which, in turn, creates the conditions for prosperity and progress of the country.
In Uzbekistan over the years of sovereign development a series of reforms have been carried out with the aim to improve judicial system, turn it into the main guarantor of effective protection of human rights and ensure genuine independence of judiciary.
Even the first Law "On courts" dated September 2, 1993, has fixed such universally recognized principles as the presumption of innocence, right to protection, competition and publicity of trial, other principles, which then received development in the new Criminal Procedure Code and Civil Procedure Code and other legislative acts of the republic. At this stage of reform the legislative fundamentals of legal proceedings, truly independent and self-supporting judicial system were laid.
August 30, 1995, taking into account the world experience, the Constitutional Court was established in the country. This body ensured compliance of acts with legislative and executive authorities to Basic Law of the country. In the course of further development of sphere the system of economic courts has been established, which in conditions of transition to a market economy has become an important factor in ensuring the rule of law in economic relation. Courts of general jurisdiction were also established. The legal framework of the judicial system has been expanded.
An important step in the liberalization of the judicial sphere was the adoption of the new edition of the Law "On Courts" dated December 14, 2000, which uses the experience of reforming the judicial system, accumulated over the years of independence. In accordance with this document, effective mechanisms for implementation of constitutional principle of separation of powers and independence of court as a full-fledged independent branch of government have been created, and judicial system was completely derived from the control and influence of executive power. Along with this specialization of courts in criminal, civil and commercial matters has been fixed. Appeals procedure for consideration of cases has been entered and cassation instance has been reformed. Life itself has shown the correctness of this decision, as specialization of courts has improved the quality of cases and increased guarantees for protection of rights and freedoms of citizens. The law also covered the issues of selection and appointment of judicial personnel.
The Higher qualification commission for selection and recommendation of judges under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan has been created in order to strengthen the independence of judiciary, democratic principles of formation of reserve, transparency in selection and recommendations of candidates for the post of judges, ensure stability and efficiency of judiciary in the country. Alternative mechanism of dispute resolution – "the arbitral tribunal" has been developed.
In addition, age limit was defined for persons for the first time appointed for the post of judges of inter-district, district (city) courts. Qualifying requirements for training of judges, necessary legal and social guarantees for independent legal procedures were consolidated. Protection of social status of judicial bodies’ employees was strengthened.
As part of active introduction of modern information and communication technologies in activities of courts, improvement of legal proceedings efficiency, extensive measures were taken in the sphere of informatization and effective use of computer technologies, establishment of information systems and resources in courts, expansion of scope of provision of interactive services to businesses and public and, most importantly, implementation of e-judicature, which has been successfully applied in many countries.
So, starting from 2013 the system of economic courts and from 2015 the courts on civil cases implemented a mechanism that allows executing necessary documents for proceedings in electronic form. Use of videoconferencing in the activity of economic courts provides the possibility of reception of citizens in a videoconference mode, monitoring of trials, reception of citizens by leadership of economic courts. All this enables to make the most efficient oversight over judicial activities provided for in Article 43 of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On сourts".
Along with the judiciary system profound reforms are taking place in the system of the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, General Prosecutor's Office and other law-enforcement agencies that ensure lawfulness and legal order in society.
In accordance with Articles 43, 44, 116 of Constitution, everyone is guaranteed judicial protection of his rights and freedoms, right to appeal any unlawful action of state bodies, officials, public associations, right to professional legal assistance at any stage of investigation and court proceedings. In this regard, consolidation of institute of advocacy became one of priorities of further implementation of judicial reforms, which are aimed at comprehensive ensuring effective protection of human rights and freedoms. Civil and social institutions were established. They include Ombudsman, National Centre for Human Rights and a number of others. The presence in the state of persons, who can provide competent and qualified legal aid, is the key to existence of a harmonious society as a whole, legal education and democratization.
Over the years of independence liberalization, humanization and decriminalization of criminal and criminal-procedural legislation have become the most important area of criminal court proceedings.
It is safe to say that measures taken in this area, in particular the Law "On introducing amendments and additions to Criminal, Criminal-Procedural Codes and Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility in connection with liberalization of criminal punishments" of 2001, had a great social and socio-political significance. So, list of grave crimes was reduced, resulting in about 75% of crimes from the category of grave and gravest crimes transferred into the category of crimes that do not pose great danger to society and less serious ones. Along with this alternative forms of punishment for crimes not related to deprivation of liberty were introduced. Punishments on 87 elements of crimes were commuted; in 26 elements of crimes penalties of imprisonment were excluded.
In accordance with the amendments to criminal-procedural legislation, terms of investigation and detention of persons in custody were reduced; on 11 elements of crime use of imprisonment with compensation of property damage caused by economic crimes was limited. Opportunities on cases of crimes in the sphere of economy were significantly expanded – economic sanctions in the form of fines are being applied instead of arrest and imprisonment. Such form of punishment as confiscation of property has been excluded from the system of penalties.
In continuation of this work on August 27, 2004, institute of reconciliation was introduced in law-enforcement, judicial practice, and now this legal mechanism effectively acts. According to it the perpetrator, who does not pose great danger to society and fully compensate material and moral damages to the victims, is not involved in criminal liability. The effectiveness of this institution, its compliance with such centuries-old traditions of Uzbek people, as compassion and forgiveness, became the basis of its consistent expansion.
The abolition of death penalty from January 1, 2008, became the most important step in the liberalization of criminal legislation. In addition, capital punishment - life imprisonment is applied only on 2 kinds of crimes - for terrorism and premeditated murder under aggravating circumstances, on which alternative, less severe punishments also may be applied. In the country this type of punishment cannot be prescribed to women, persons who have committed crimes under the age of 18, men over sixty years.
Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country, which was developed by Head of our State, has marked a new stage in providing complete and reliable protection of human rights and freedoms in Uzbekistan. This policy document identifies a series of measures on expansion of the scope of "Habeas corpus" institute, further development of mechanisms to ensure independence, objectivity and impartiality of the court, enhancing competitiveness in the trial, liberalization of criminal legislation, raising the level of legal culture of citizens.
In the course of implementation of tasks set by the President of Uzbekistan, implementation of international legal standards into national legislation, improving their application in practice is carried on. This is also facilitated by international cooperation with UNDP, OSCE and other international organizations. A dialogue with the European Union is actively developing, a number of joint projects to support reforms in the judicial sphere have been implemented.
The dynamic socio-economic development of Uzbekistan's independent and active promotion of private ownership and entrepreneurship in the country led to reforms in this area. Resolution "On measures to ensure reliable protection of private property, small business and private entrepreneurship, the removal of barriers to their rapid development" signed by the President of Republic of Uzbekistan on May 15, 2015, is aimed at increasing responsibility of state’s officials, law-enforcement and regulatory authorities for obstruction and illegal interference in entrepreneurial activity, violation of private property rights, as well as strengthening protection of private property guarantees the continuation of the liberalization process of administrative and criminal legislation regulating entrepreneurial activity.
The law is large-scale document, which promotes the reformation of criminal legislation of republic towards its liberalization through implementation of a number of international legal norms. In particular, the document incorporated UN Convention against corruption. This law differentiated responsibility for corruption crimes of state and private sector. It makes provision for offenses like commercial bribery, bribery of employee of non-state commercial or other non-governmental organization, abuse of authority of officials of non-government commercial or other non-governmental organization.
Criminal legislation has been liberalized through the mitigation of liability of officials engaged in administrative-distributive and administrative-economic powers in business structures and other non-governmental organizations through the introduction of separate articles in the Criminal Code, which provides for softer penalties.
The Code of Administrative Liability was amended. According to amendments, the confiscation of property for administrative offenses carried out solely on the basis of court decisions.
In Economic Procedural Code examination procedure of corporate disputes has been concretized. In particular, the code included a separate chapter, taking into account the characteristics of which the courts would consider appropriate cases. In addition, the code improved the procedure for considering complaints relating to compensation for damage caused to businesses as a result of illegal act adoption by a state body, citizens' self-government body or commission of illegal action (inaction) by their officials.
Adoption of the Law "On Parliamentary Control" dated April 11, 2016, was an important event in a series of democratic reforms and significant for the legal system of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The purpose of this normative act was to regulate relations in the field of organizing and monitoring the activities of public authorities and management and their officials on observance of Constitution and laws of Uzbekistan, Oliy Majlis Chambers and their agencies’ decision, state programs, as well as on implementation of tasks and functions entrusted to them. In this context, parliamentary control covers scope of activity of the prosecutor's office bodies, thereby increasing the effectiveness of their efforts to ensure the rule of law in the country, protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, interests of society and state.
Thus, judicial and legal reforms in Uzbekistan, which are filled with ideas of humanism and aimed at ensuring the rule of law and protection of citizens’ rights and interests, have strengthened the foundation of the young independent state as international community full-fledged member that develops in a democratic way. Their results became the guarantee of peace and stability, progress and prosperity, and most importantly - well-being and happiness of every citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Jahon Information Agency
(based on the materials provided by the Ministry of justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
State University of Uzbek language and literature to be established in Uzbekistan
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov on 13 May, 2016, signed a Decree "On establishment of the Tashkent State University of Uzbek language and literature named after Alisher Navoi”.
According to the document, the native language and literature are the embodiment of national consciousness, the basis of cultural and spiritual development of any nation.
The Uzbek language has an ancient and rich history, and its formation, as evidenced by scientific facts, was influenced by Bactrians, Sogdians, Khorezmians, and other ethnic groups and nations, who once lived on the territory of the region BC and the early centuries of our era.
Hereby, it is worth to note the important role of ancient Turkic language in the formation and comprehensive development of the Uzbek literary language.
Our great ancestors – prominent figures of science and literature of different times and eras, such as Yusuf Hos Hozhib, Ahmad Yugnaki, Atoi, Lutfi, Babur, Agakhi, Mashrab, Mukimi, Furkat and other well-known educators, having vividly reflected the richness of vocabulary, artistic ability, beauty and elegance of our language in their creative works, made an invaluable contribution in this direction.
Immortal works of the great poet and thinker Alisher Navoi, which are today included in the Treasury of world culture were created in our native language, extending its glory throughout the world.
As emphasized in the Decree of the head of our state, we, as the inheritors of this priceless wealth, should preserve the native language, to constantly work on its enrichment, to further enhance the role and importance, bearing it as our top priority, and this issue will always be at the center of our attention.
In this regard, it should be noted, that on the basis of the Law “On state language”, adopted in 1989, the Uzbek language was given the status of a state, and this legal norm is enshrined in the Constitution of our country.
In addition, a number of resolutions were adopted in this direction, including the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On the state programme of implementation of the Law "On state language" of 1990, the Law "On introduction of the Uzbek alphabet based on Latin script" (1993), the Law "On amendments and additions to the Law "On state language of the Republic of Uzbekistan” dated 1995, resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers from 1996 on introducing appropriate amendments in the above-mentioned state programme and other documents related to the development of the sphere.
The available legal framework guarantees all representatives of different nations and peoples living in our country their constitutional right to development and the free use of their native languages, which surely deserves special attention.
Due to the available wide opportunities for the development of national languages in the country today, training in educational institutions and the activity of media is conducted in seven languages, which serves as an important factor in strengthening inter-ethnic harmony in our society.
Meanwhile, it is necessary to mention the comprehensive system of learning foreign languages, including English that ensures a deeper integration of Uzbekistan into the international community.
At the same time, important researches are conducted on such vital issues as the place and role of the Uzbek language and literature in the development of our society and the people, dictionaries, encyclopedias, monographs and textbooks are published. Great attention is paid to training, retraining and advanced training of scientific and pedagogical staff, specialists of the Uzbek language and literature.
However, as noted in the presidential Decree, we still have much work ahead to remove existing in this area deficiencies. First of all, today's urgent task is the deep study of the historical roots and the full development of the native language on a scientific basis, as well as the expansion of its application, primarily in these extremely important areas and directions, as fundamental science, modern information and communication technology, industry, financial and banking system, law, diplomacy, military affairs. In this regard, one of the important tasks facing us, is the publication of modern textbooks, etymological and comparative dictionaries, the development of relevant terms, concepts and categories.
In the current age of accelerated globalization, the need for in-depth study of specific features of the native language and literature, its historical development, current state and perspectives is rising. The adopted presidential decree "On establishment of the Tashkent State University of Uzbek language and literature named after Alisher Navoi” should serve to increase the effectiveness of the research work in this direction, radically improve the quality of teaching of Uzbek language and literature at all stages of the education system.
In accordance with the decree, the new University is to be established on the basis of the faculty of Uzbek Philology of the National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek and the faculty of Uzbek language and literature of the Tashkent State Pedagogical University named after Nizami, as well as the Institute of language and literature named after Alisher Navoi of the Academy of Sciences.
The newly formed University will have three faculties: Uzbek Philology, teaching of Uzbek language and literature and the faculty of Uzbek-English translation, as well as the research Institute of Uzbek language and literature.
The new University will become the basic higher educational institution on training of specialists in philology, the teaching staff, highly qualified translators, conducting research works, retraining and advanced training of workers, development of scientific and educational materials in the Uzbek language and literature.
The Decree of the head of state has defined the main tasks of the University:
- training of highly qualified scientific and pedagogical personnel meeting the requirements of time, have a deep understanding of specific features of scientific-theoretical, philosophical and aesthetic foundations of the Uzbek language and literature, possessing modern educational technologies;
- training of interpreters, capable of exercising high-quality translations of scientific, artistic and other literature from Uzbek to English and other languages, as well as from world languages into the native language;
- educating students in the spirit of love and devotion to the Motherland, national and universal values, with a broad outlook and independent thinking;
- the study of a historically formed linguistic and literary schools, classical and modern Uzbek language, literature and folklore, the contributions of our great ancestors in the development of Uzbek and world linguistics, their scientific heritage and values of our native language in the world, its relations with other languages, as well as scientific issues concerning prospects of its development;
- preparing evidence-based proposals for the creation of a new academic and teaching grammar that fully meet the peculiarities of the Uzbek language, to improve the phonetic system and the rules of spelling, the publication of dictionaries, encyclopedias, and textbooks on various subjects and areas;
- conducting research on new and effective teaching methods of Uzbek language and literature, introduction of advanced educational technologies in general education schools, academic lyceums and professional colleges, higher educational institutions;
- preparation of scientific and methodological developments, practical recommendations aimed at ensuring a worthy place of the native language in the world information network, creation of software for Uzbek language and linguistic translation, as well as electronic textbooks, comparative vocabularies on the basis of the Uzbek and world languages.
A national Commission led by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh. Mirzieev has been set up according to the presidential decree, which will address organizational issues related to establishment of the institution.
Peace and tranquility are the foundation of all our achievements
At the initiative of President Islam Karimov, May 9 – the Day of Remembrance and Honor is widely celebrated in our country as a national holiday.
Honoring the memory of ancestors, continuing their noble deeds, paying distinctive respect and attention to the representatives of the older generation, who have made a worthy contribution to the peace and development of the country remain one of our national values. The Day of Remembrance and Honor, widely celebrated by the initiative of the head of our state, also embodies these magnanimous principles.
On this holiday we remember once again, at the expense of which challenges and difficulties we achieved peaceful and quiet life, well-being and prosperity. We bow before millions of our countrymen, passed away in this thorny road and are more deeply aware of the importance of independence, peace and tranquility prevailing in our country.
Securing a prosperous life of the seniors, strengthening their health, creating the necessary conditions are in the focus of constant attention of our state. Decree of the President Islam Karimov "On rewards to the participants of World War II" dated April 18 this year, is another sign of honoring the veterans. In accordance with this decree, war veterans were handed cash rewards and holiday gifts in a solemn atmosphere.
May 8. The metropolitan Memory square is crowded more than ever. Veterans of war and labor, senators and deputies, members of the government, military servicemen, members of the public are gathered on the square.
Quiet melody sounds over a square.
9:00. The President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov walks into the square.
The head of state laid a wreath at the monument of "Grieving mother" to the sounds of military orchestra.
President of Uzbekistan honored the memory of our compatriots who perished in World War II.
- In these days, in all the cities and villages of our country, in every family, everyone, all of our fellow citizens widely celebrate May 9 – the Day of Remembrance and Honor, the 71st anniversary of the Victory over fascism in the Great Patriotic War, Islam Karimov said in an interview with the media. - It gives me a great pleasure to congratulate our veterans who have shown courage and heroism in attaining this great victory, our compatriots, who selflessly worked in the home front, and wish them health and long life.
It is a duty and honor for all of us to pay tribute to those, who in the name of the current peaceful life and a clear sky fell on the battlefield.
Today, being present in this Memory square, which has become a sacred place for our people marking the Victory Day, reached in the bloodiest war in the whole history of the world, which led to innumerable victims, griefs and suffering, it should be emphasized that while many years have passed, there is no person in our country who has forgotten the brutal war and its consequences.
This date, which will remain in history as a memorable day, the fact that among the thousands and thousands of people of different nationalities, who have shown courage and perseverance in the conquest of the victory over fascism, there were many of our fellow citizens, our fathers and grandfathers, many of whom have not returned from the war, 338 of our compatriots were awarded the title of hero, thousands - were awarded military orders and medals - all of this, of course, fills our hearts with pride.
However, when it comes to the contribution of our people in the struggle against fascism, we are reminded again and again to the immeasurable loss that will always remain an open wound in our hearts.
In this regard, I think it is appropriate to cite the following figures.
Uzbekistan had a population of about 6.5 million people at the beginning of the war, of which 1.5 million participated in the war. If we consider that more than 500 thousand of them were killed on the battlefields, many returned as disabled, and many were missing, it is self-evident how expensive was the cost of the victory for us, the President of our country noted.
Magnanimity, generosity and humanism of any people are tested not only in relation to their loved ones, but also to other people, on whose lot sorrows and suffering have fallen, obviously revealed in an effort to provide them help and care.
Compassion and mercy are the most noble qualities of our people. Our compatriots have taken nearly one million evacuated children, women and old people. They shared with them the last piece of bread and shelter, demonstrated goodness and mercy to them, saying, "You are not an orphan", which was a high expression of the best human qualities of generosity and nobility of our people.
No doubt, a person, the people are alive and eternal thanks to the historical memory, Islam Karimov said. To honor the memory of fallen heroes, give them a tribute are inherent quality of our people. We are indebted to the people, who fell on the battlefield in the name of Motherland, for the sake of bright days of future generations, especially in front of the veterans who are still alive, who are worthy of all respect and reverence.
In its foundation, history is remembrance, veneration of the glorious deeds of ancestors, their heroism, the ability to draw the right conclusions from the past.
Given all this, 17 years ago, in our country we announced May 9 as a Day of Remembrance and Honor, built Memory squares in our capital Tashkent, the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regions and districts, mounted in these squares monuments of Grieving Mother. In other words, this is a bright reflection of the two noble inextricably linked concepts like remembrance and reverence, complementing each other.
Over time, life itself has confirmed how right our decision was. It has become a good tradition of our people to visit these places, providing respect for memory of the fallen. These areas become truly sacred places of worship, have enriched our spiritual life its deepest meaning and content, the head of our state said.
Our people, experiencing all the hardships and sufferings of the most terrible and cruel war in the human history, always lived with one thought: let this evil never happen again. Our compatriots are always asking the God for only one thing: we need peace and tranquility.
This desire is deeply rooted in the minds of our people, who have seen a lot in this life, and each of us is clearly aware of the nature, importance and value of peace and tranquility.
Meanwhile, contradictions and confrontations more and more exacerbate in the world, bloody clashes in the near and far abroad are an extremely serious threat and a danger to the peace and stability, which disturbs our people.
In neighboring Afghanistan there has been an unstable situation for over 35 years. The growing threats such as extremism, terrorism is a concern of our fellow citizens.
Such a complex and dangerous situation, difficult times, of course, require all of us to be vigilant and careful, said the President of our country. The motto "Take care of your home!" today is relevant more than ever. To avoid still encountered indifference and carelessness, more importantly, to live with a sense of belonging to the events taking place around is our duty.
Such a difficult time requires from our state and our society to strengthen security, prevent any aggression against our country, to take necessary measures to ensure the integrity of our borders, to protect the peaceful life of our people.
In this regard, we believe the best decision in the current difficult situation are further enhancing the capacity of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan and recent legislative endorsement of the non-aligned policy of Uzbekistan to any military blocs, disallowance of placement military bases of other countries on the territory of our country, sending our troops outside of the country, Islam Karimov said.
Time is nearing towards a wide and solemn celebration of the 25th anniversary of independence of our country.
Uzbekistan in this historically short period of time, despite the challenges and hardships, has reached high growth rates, has achieved enormous successes and milestones that are gaining recognition worldwide and are admired by many, and it pleases us all, awakens in our hearts a sense of pride.
The decisive factor in increasing Uzbekistan's authority in the international arena are impressive results, selfless work of our brave and persistent people, their rising political and social activity, changing attitude towards life.
Modern houses on standard designs, being built in rural areas, further enhance the quality of life of our people. As a result of these measures and actions, villages are developed and modernized, modern information technologies gain a firm place in the daily lives of our people. This creative work will be continued consistently.
Once again, I appeal to our younger generation, my children: always be motivated, dare, tomorrow, the future is for you! Who will come to replace us tomorrow? This will be our sons and daughters, thinking in a new way, who have mastered contemporary knowledge and professions, capable to take responsibility for tomorrow, to show their potential and opportunities, Islam Karimov said.
Long-term goals and objectives, set by us today, including a double increase of our country’s GDP by 2030, reinforces our confidence in the future. And, of course, we in no way give in to most developed countries, the nations, living freely and safely in prosperity and improving the quality of life of the people.
Taking this opportunity, I once again sincerely congratulate our esteemed veterans, all of our people on this remarkable holiday and wish you all health, happiness and prosperity to your homes. Let there always be peace and tranquility, pure heaven in our country, let the Almighty protects our people from all troubles and misfortunes, the President of our country said.
* * *
The Monument of "the Grieving Mother" was filled with flowers this day. Representatives of ministries and agencies, public organizations laid wreaths to the monument.
The Memory square till the evening was filled with people, who came to pay tribute to compatriots who sacrificed their lives for peace and freedom of the motherland, the bright future of the descendants.
Cabinet of Ministers sums up the results of 2016 1Q
On 15 April the Cabinet of Ministers held a session, dedicated to the results of socio-economic development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the first quarter of the this year and the appraisal of the implementation of the major directions and priorities of economic program for 2016, defined by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov at the governmental session on 15 January of the current year.
The meeting comprehensively considered and deeply analyzed the main macroeconomic indicators of the country's development and the results of implementation of the medium-term programs on further reforms, structural transformation and modernization of the economy and its sectors, approved by the President, including the industry and agriculture, accelerated development and updating of engineering communications and road infrastructure, ensuring reliable protection of private property, entrepreneurship and small business, as well as raising the level of employment and welfare.
Due to the systematic and consistent implementation of the most important tasks and priorities of the economic program adopted for 2016, Uzbekistan ensured sustainable economic growth and macroeconomic balance despite the ongoing crisis in the global economy and the slowdown in its development rates. For the first quarter of the current year the gross domestic product of the country increased by 7.5 percent. The volume of industrial production increased by 7%, agriculture – 6.7%, retail turnover - 12.8%. The state budget was executed with a surplus of 0.1 percent of GDP. Inflation has not exceeded forecast parameters.
Measures, taken on accelerated development of modern types of services, primarily based on information and communication technologies, contributed to the growth of the volume of services by 12.1 percent and increasing their share in GDP to 59.5 percent compared to 59.3 percent in the first quarter of 2015.
The continued implementation of measures to stimulate small business development, to further improve the conditions for organizing and carrying out business activity contributed to the creation of approximately 8.4 thousand new small businesses in the first quarter of the current year, or 5.5% more than the same period of 2015. Since the beginning of the year, small businesses have been allocated bank loans amounting to 3.6 trillion soums, which is 1.3 times more than in the first quarter of 2015.
The number of new jobs, created within the Programme of jobs creation and increasing employment of the population for 2016, has reached 167.4 thousands, of which 57.7 percent are in rural areas.
Active implementation of measures within the State program "Year of a healthy mother and child" has kicked off, which is aimed at further strengthening the system of protection of a family, motherhood and childhood, raising the level and quality of health care for mothers and children. Over the reporting period, the government directed about 1.3 trillion soums for these purposes.
During the discussion of the issues on the agenda of the meeting, the attention was paid to detailed analysis of the progress and impact of implementation of the priority tasks on further deepening of structural reforms, modernization and diversification of industrial production, including the gradual increase in the depth of processing of domestic raw material resources, expansion of volumes and range of production with high added value, accelerated development of industrial potential of territories of the country. Currently about 80 percent of the growth of industrial production is provided by manufacturing industries.
The attention of the Deputy Prime Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan, heads of ministries, agencies, economic associations was drawn to the need to expedite the completion of drafting and submitting for the approval of draft programs on developing leading industries, covering the periods till 2020, 2025 and 2030, providing for the transition to 3-4-phasic cycles of deep processing of raw materials, resulting in the production of finished products highly demanded in the world market.
Managers of a number of economic associations, large enterprises, khokimiyats of regions and districts of the country have been entrusted with specific tasks on unconditional, timely and quality implementation of activities and achievement of target parameters of the adopted programs on deepening processing of fruits and vegetables, meat and dairy products, non-ferrous and rare metals in 2016-2020.
The Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, khokimiyats of areas and Tashkent city have been instructed to take additional measures for organizing effective work at the newly established integrated regional departments for comprehensive development of the territories, as well as developing in conjunction with industry policy measures for accelerated development of industrial potential of the regions, the creation of new high-tech production of competitive products with high added value, including for export.
The implementation of active investment policy on continuous technological and technical renewal of industrial production, rapid expansion of the industrial and social infrastructure has provided growth of volumes of investments by 8.5 percent, including foreign investments – by 14.4%. In the framework of the Investment program for 2016, work has started on the implementation of 368 new investment projects. The production of 37 new kinds of localized products has been mastered.
Projects are underway for the development of road-transport, engineering-communication and social infrastructure, rural housing construction. The construction of new electrified railway Angren-PAP, which directly connects the Fergana valley with the rest of the territory of the Republic is nearing completion. A project on the electrification of the railway line Samarkand-Bukhara with the organization of high-speed traffic of passenger trains is being implemented at an accelerated rate.
The Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, khokimiyats of areas and Tashkent city have been instructed to take the necessary measures to ensure the establishment in the regions of more than 400 new, financially sustainable and equipped with the necessary equipment construction and installation organizations, that meet the growing demand for construction work in industries and spheres of economy.
Particular attention at the session was paid to the comprehensive analysis of the effectiveness of measures on diversification of the structure and extension of the range of exports, development of new export markets, ensuring on this basis the achievement of export forecast for 2016. Despite a sharp decline in demand, increasing uncertainty and intense competition on the world markets, Uzbekistan is taking effective measures to encourage exporters and to provide them the necessary support in the promotion of products to foreign markets, which in turn contributes maintaining the growth trends in exports and a positive balance of foreign trade turnover.
Another issue under scrutiny was the implementation of measures aimed at attracting foreign investors to the charter capital of joint stock companies and corporate governance, as well as radical reduction of state intervention in the economy through the sale of state shares and assets, including at zero redemption rate. During the first quarter of this year, 178 state assets were converted into private property. Investment obligations on them amounted to about 216 billion soums. The number of joint stock companies with state share in authorized funds decreased to 209 against 378 in the same period of 2015.
According to the agenda, the session heard the reports of heads of complexes of the Cabinet of Ministers, ministries, departments, economic associations, large enterprises of the Republic and regional administrations. The relevant decisions adopted following the discussion identified measures to ensure the unconditional implementation of major directions and priorities of the program of socio-economic development of the country in 2016.
AN IMPORTANT EVENT IN THE MAHALLA’S LIFE
Uzbekistan has been constantly moving towards building a democratic state and strong civil society during the years of independence. The system of organizational and legal safeguards is formed to ensure the participation of citizens in public administration, the independent decision of local issues through the unique institution of mahalla.
As the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov emphasized: “Self-government bodies - our future. If we want to build civil society, these bodies are the foundation of its bases. Today we began to lay these foundations... Civil society is self-government. This is its first and fundamental principle”.
Today, broad legal conditions for mahallas’ full activity are established. Thus, article 32 of the Constitution of Uzbekistan fixed the norm that citizens have the right to participate in managing the affairs of state and society, bоth directly and through their representatives. The participation, along with the democratic formation of state bodies, as well as the development and improvement of public control over their activities is carried out by governments. Article 105 of the Main Law, in turn, reflects the institutional framework of citizens’ self-government. According to its provisions, they are gatherings of citizens, elected for 2.5 years chairman (aksakal) and his advisers, in the townships, kishlaks and auls, as well as in the communities of cities, towns, settlements and villages.
Many functions, previously conducted by the state authorities and management bodies have been gradually transferred to mahallas over the past years. They make an effective contribution to the implementation of government programs on addressing social support to the population, development of private entrepreneurship and family business, improving citizens’ welfare through the promotion of their employment, strengthening the basic unit of society, education of harmoniously developed generation.
The commissions at mahallas play huge role in addressing the challenges facing them. Their functions include working with women, youth and minors, organizing sports events, public control, consumer protection, security and others. All commissions are independent in their activities and accountable only to the citizens gathering.
The Concept of further deepening the democratic reforms and establishing the civil society in the country, put forward by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov in 2010, is a radically new stage in the improvement of organizational and legal framework for mahalla. It provides the introduction of changes and amendments to the laws “On citizens’ self-government bodies” and “On the elections of the chairman (aksakal), citizens’ gathering and his advisers”.
Within the framework of the Concept’s implimentation in 2013, these documents were approved in new edition. Innovations served to further expand mahalla’s functions, including its transformation into a center of the population’s and small business development’s targeted social support in the regions, strengthening the role of self-government in the system of public control over the state bodies’ activity. Measures to further improve the electoral system of aksakals, which ensures the election of the chairmen and their advisers the most deserving citizens, were also determined in the law’s new edition.
On the basis of the Constitution and the above mentioned legislation, Kengash of the Senate of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan adopted a resolution “On preparation and conduct of elections of chairmen (aksakals) of citizens’ gathering and their advisers” on March 5 this year. According to the document, May-June 2016 is defined as the election period in mahallas. It is expected that 9764 of aksakals and over 99 thousands of their advisers will be elected by their results. The Action plan on organization and holding of the important event is approved and implemented.
A special committee to assist the holding of elections, organized on the territory of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, all regions, the capital, districts and cities play a significant role in the process. Commission is acting during the vote’s organization and holding, and will cease to exist after the announcement of its results. The commission, as a rule, includes representatives of mahallas, state bodies and public organizations. It should be emphasized that the commissions are given broad powers. Thus, they enforce the laws on elections, coordinate the activities structures, involved in the conduct of the upcoming event, and take from them the documents on candidates. Particular attention is paid to the explanatory work among the population, in the case of receipt of citizens’ complaints about certain aspects of voting, the commission provide them with complete information.
At the same time, 9764 working group on preparation and holding of elections in mahallas are created throughout the country. They determine the date, time and place of citizens’ gathering, establish the voting day and report it to the relevant committee. The electoral process is conducted in rooms with all conditions.
The working group will organize general meetings of residents of households, houses, streets and mahallas to elect the representatives of the citizens, which are the most important stage of the elections. It also conducts explanatory work among the population, studies voter opinions to prepare proposals on candidates for these important positions.
The practice of the past years shows that the election of citizens’ gatherings’ assets have become into a genuine democracy school, raising legal awareness, political and legal culture of the population. There is no doubt that the next vote for of aksakals and their advisers will be held at the highest institutional level, and its results will serve to further strengthen the mahalla’s position in system of civil society institutions, the consistent implementation of principle “From a strong state - to a strong civil society”.
Jahon Information Agency
THE LEGITIMACY, OPENNESS AND TRANSPARENCY - THE BASIS OF THE ACTIVITIES OF STATE BODIES
On April 15 of this year Tashkent hosted a seminar on the theme "Improvement of official websites of state bodies and the order of rendering of electronic state services". The event was organized by the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis (Parliament) of the Republic of Uzbekistan jointly with the Ministry for the Development of Information Technologies and Communications.
The seminar was attended by members of the lower house of parliament, representatives of various ministries and departments, journalists, national and regional media. They discussed the issues of creation and regular update of the electronic portals of governance institutions, as well as further improvement of the order of online provision of public services to citizens.
Speaking at the meeting Chairman of the Committee on ICT of Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis I.Abdullayev, First Deputy Minister for Development of Information Technologies and Communications A.Fayzullayev and others stressed the effectiveness of the reforms conducted in our country on this direction which contribute to the consistent strengthening of cooperation between the state and citizens, improving the management.
One of the important tools of wide public awareness about the work of state bodies is their official websites.
According to the information announced at a seminar today 114 organs of state agencies have their electronic portals. 79% of them have mobile versions which create additional convenience for the public. In addition, the websites of ministries and departments possesses the opportunity of subscription which allows automatically receive e-mail news on relevant information about their activities.
During the event it was separately noted the expansion of the range of services in electronic form by state and economic management bodies in places. In this regard, it was emphasized the high efficiency of the Single Interactive State Services Portal (my.gov.uz), which has become an important means of operational reception and transmission of individuals and legal entities applications to the relevant structures.
Currently, the portal my.gov.uz covers more than a hundred of state and economic management bodies, departments and organizations.
It provides 269 services on healthcare, communications, transportation, labor, social security, taxes and business. Applying person, depending on the content of an application or complaint has the opportunity to send it to the appropriate structure. There is no need for citizens to visit departments, carry paper and spend money. Only in 2015 through my.gov.uz it was made more than 450 thousand applications of citizens who promptly received answers to their requests.
During the seminar, presentations were made by representatives of the Ministry for the Development of Information Technologies and Communications, which brought the attention of the audience on the legal requirements for the structure and content of the official web sites of government agencies. It was announced recommendations to improve the effective use of e-portals of ministries and departments as the mechanism of public awareness about their work. It was accentuated the need for coordinating the efforts of IT-departments of public administration institutions and their press services in order to ensure well-coordinated work of official information resources.
During the interview with Jahon Information Agency a deputy of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan, a member of the Committee on Information and Communication Technologies Shukhrat Sharofutdinovnoted that in December 2015 it was adopted the Law "On e-government" which is coming into force on June 10, 2016. In this regard, MP underlined the importance of informing the executors on the main provisions of this legal act, the requirements contained therein in respect of the work of ministries and departments with the citizens, including providing them with public services via the Internet.
- Today's seminar was one of a series of events conducted throughout the country to familiarize specialists with the innovations in the legislation in ICT field, - said the deputy. - This meeting broadens the knowledge of state and economic management employees in the use of modern technologies in order to ensure the rule of law, openness and transparency of their activities. They were provided with the necessary guidelines and clarifications regarding the implementation of the optimization of process for electronic public services introduction, improvement of the functioning of official web-sites.
Jahon Information Agency
Development of «e-government» in Uzbekistan
From the first days of independence the introduction of information and communication technologies (ICT) has become one of the priority tasks of the state policy inUzbekistan, which contributes to the achievement of significant results in the formation of the national information space and the enhancement of the management systems efficiency.
The use of IT-technologies enables the transparency of public bodies, creates conditions for active participation of citizens in the process of making important management decisions regarding their interests. In addition, the widespread application of ICT promotes to improve the business environment, increase competitiveness of the national economy, the quality of life of the population.
100% of the tax and statistical reports are submitted via the internet in e-form. Full transition to electronic declaration of goods and registration of export-import contracts are provided, which reduced working day of the customs clearance of goods and provision of other related services from three to one. The development of online payment of taxes, compulsory and communal payments allowed increase the number of users in two-fold and by 2.3 times - for online transactions.
The entry into force of Law «On e-government» which has been adopted recently in June of this year, gives new impetus to the advancement of communication environment. This legal act creates a solid foundation for the further deepening of the reform of public administration and the enhancement of its efficiency. It provides for the consistent implementation and expansion of the modern ICT usage in public administration, establishment and operation of the system «Electronic government», increasing the transparency and openness of government agencies, the responsibility of officials.
Execution of the Law also allows citizens and business entities to increase the efficiency of relations with the authorities and drastically reduce bureaucratic barriers, simplify procedures and deadlines of the online services of government agencies.
It should be noted that during the preparation of a legal act it was taken into account the conceptual foundations of international law and best experience of the USA, Germany, Austria, the Republic of Korea which have reached significant results in the promotion of «e-government» system.
To date, information interaction of state bodies with corporations and individuals is carried out through a single portal of interactive public services (SPIPS) that enables access to information about the activities and functions of the government agencies, provides users with data exchange capabilities in electronic form and requesting queries through a single point of access to integrated interactive public services.
Functional of the one main segments of the system «Electronic government» - SPIPS is rapidly expanding, 260 kinds of interactive services are rendered through it. If in 2013-2014 more than 102 thousand services were rendered for entrepreneurs and citizens, only for 2015 their number exceeded 420 000. Online registrations to the reception of heads of government agencies, obtaining information on their activities, various inquiries and sending requests have become popular.
The highlight of 2015 in this area can be called the launch of the Portal of open data at data.gov.uz aimed at improving the transparency and accountability of public authorities, civil society development through the ability to control and monitor the activities of state bodies and strengthening public confidence in the authorities, formation of applications market and services, and others.
On the base of the information of open data portal, you can create a number of public utility services. In order to popularize this idea, as well as to attract the attention of developers to the portal, it was conducted a competition to create Hackathon web applications for the first time in Uzbekistan, in which participants have demonstrated their ability to build applications and infographics.
In addition to the portal, from 2015 Impact assessment system of legislative acts (IASLA) launched its work at web page regulation.gov.uz, which allows evaluate the newly adopted regulations. Today it is continuously monitored by society for compliance of draft legal acts published by the state authorities with the requirements of laws.
As part of the reforms to create «e-government» with widespread introduction of modern IT-technology measures have been taken to develop electronic workflow in the proceedings. So, in 2013 it was introduced into the Commercial Litigation the possibility of filing a claim, sending judicial acts in electronic form to the persons participating in the case, from September 1, 2014 - the possibility of conducting the trial in the mode of video conference call.
In 2015, under the joint implementation of the US Agency for International Development and the United Nations Development Programme «Partnership in the field of rule of law in Uzbekistan» technical equipment for audio and video fixation of court hearings has been installed in three courtrooms of the Supreme Economic Court and the Commercial Court of Tashkent region.
This allows optimizing and automating of legal proceedings, simplifying of business process and that will contribute to its openness. In the future, audio and video recording of court proceedings can and does eliminate the need for drawing up court records in paper form.
Tax office also conducts active work on the introduction of interactive public e-services. It provides access to services for all users, regardless of their location, capabilities and time of day on free of charge.
Necessary information can be obtained on the official website of the tax authorities www.soliq.uz. In this case the taxpayer is often given personalized information directly from the database of the tax authorities or receipt of reports, statements and other applications have been carried out in the form of an electronic document. Electronic services in almost all areas of tax administration have been developed and implemented for business entities.
These measures will help to reduce costs for the interaction of business entities and individuals with tax authorities, increase the transparency of their activities, the performance efficiency of the functions of the tax authorities to provide public services.
Thus, extensive work in our country has been carried out on the formation of an open and constructive environment between public authorities and citizens, establishment of partnership and effective relations between them through the use of modern ICT potential.
Jahon Information Agency
Tashkent discussed national and international experience in the enforcement of laws
Tashkent hosted an international conference "Mechanisms for enhancing the effectiveness of enforcement of laws: national and international experience".
Main purpose of the event was to exchange experience in the sphere of ensuring the unified application of laws, bringing the adopted laws to the notice of executors and the public, to increase the responsibility of officials in these processes.
The conference brought together international experts from Belgium, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Slovenia and other countries, including European Parliament who shared their experience in the field of legislative consolidation of law enforcement mechanisms.
The sides discussed pressing issues of the effectiveness of enforcement activities of state bodies on the implementation of laws, the prospects for the development of civil society institutions and the media in increasing public awareness of the legal and public control over the execution of laws, and other matters concerning this area.
At the same time, national experts - members of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis, members of the Senate, representatives of NGOs, local councils deputies informed the participants about the systematic work carried out in further improving enhance mechanisms of the law enforcement effectiveness.
It should be noted that these questions in modern conditions is one of the priority tasks of the rule of law guaranteeing effective legal protection for citizens and legal entities, as well as enabling the society to develop within the legal field.
A reporter of "Jahon" information agency talked with the participants after the conference.
Iveta Grigule, Chairman of the EU Delegation on relations with Central Asia and Mongolia, Co-chairman of the Committee for Parliamentary Cooperation "Uzbekistan - EU":
- During my participation in the forum I had the opportunity to get acquainted with the activities of the Uzbek parliament and local authorities. I must say that our Uzbek colleagues conduct their work at a high level, and the only thing that can improve their work in this direction – is the exchange of experience with other countries. At the same time, foreign practice should be implemented taking into account the specifics of the development of Uzbekistan.
In turn, we have something to learn from the experiences of your country. I am referring to the functioning of the self-government institutions as makhalla. This unique civil institution based on ancient traditions, is an indication of direct democracy in the country. That's it, in my opinion, should be studied carefully.
Also in terms of economic development, I want to say with confidence that the successes achieved by the republic may serve as an example not only for the countries of Central Asia, but also the European Union.
Taking this opportunity, I want to wish good luck and prosperity to the country, the happiness and health of its residents. I am sure that the Uzbek people have a bright future.
Andrejs Mamykins, MEP from Latvia:
- I am honored to participate in this conference, as Uzbekistan is an important partner for the European Parliament. This fact is confirmed by that there is a permanent delegation for cooperation with Central Asia and Mongolia.
Our intensive partnership includes annual meetings of European and Uzbek deputies, as well as the opportunity of individual participation of MEPs in conferences organized in Uzbekistan. Today's event, which bears the actual character, is a clear example of this. Its results are of practical importance and should be reflected in better understanding, accountability and effectiveness of law enforcement by bodies of executive power.
Along with this, it is necessary to emphasize that the role of Uzbekistan in ensuring security and stability in the region is steadfast. The contribution of the Republic in the socio-economic development of Afghanistan, especially in matters of the construction of country's infrastructure is inestimable.
During my stay here, I was also able to get acquainted with the work on the development of activities of media, in particular interactive television, aimed at youth work. I think that the attention given to the country's all-round education of the younger generation is commendable.
Also it is pleased that the carried out work to ensure the safety, among other things, it testifies to the professionalism of law enforcement agencies. In the current realities their activity plays an important role in maintaining peace and stability.
Erik Akse, Executive Director of Impact Assessment Institute (Belgium):
- Today's event is a very interesting and useful. Foreign experts were able to learn in detail about ongoing reforms in Uzbekistan in the field of improvement of legislation.
I witnessed how well are functioning institutional framework and mechanisms in this area. Of course, all of this influences the development of society and the economy.
We are interested in the exchange of experiences and mutual cooperation. As in many countries around the world, in your country it has been established extensive and well-developed legal system. I would like to emphasize that this system in Uzbekistan, as in the EU, has been deeply thought out. The obvious fact is that one of the main dogmas in the country is the directivity of all legal acts for the benefit of people and society.
Jahon Information Agency
Introduction of the corporate management principles in Uzbekistan based on the advanced world experience
One of the significant areas of reform programs, structural transformations and diversification of the economy in 2015-2019 is to ensure the reliable protection of private entrepreneurship and small business interests, increasing the role of private ownership and advancing reduction of state presence in the economy.
In this context, the introduction of modern corporate governance practices is of great importance which contributes to improve the efficiency of joint-stock companies in the country and deepen the privatization processes. The Decree of the President of Uzbekistan "On measures for the introduction of modern methods of corporate governance in joint stock companies" dated April 24, 2015 and the Resolution "On additional measures to attract foreign investors in joint-stock companies" dated December 21, 2015 became fundamentally important step in improving corporate governance. These documents identified the main task on optimization of joint stock companies.
It should be noted that today significant work has been carried out on this direction in Uzbekistan. In particular, legal framework of corporate governance has been formed, corporate governance bodies have been created in all joint-stock companies, organizations providing consulting services are functioning, relevant decisions of the Government to accelerate the process of implementation of quality management systems in enterprises have been approved.
A complete inventory of all the activities of joint-stock companies of the republic has been conducted on the basis of the above documents in 2015. At the same time a new standard structure of join stocks has been developed and approved. The old one was eliminated, and new subdivisions and positions are introduced. Measures were taken on appointment to senior positions of young, well-educated local and foreign experts with skills who possess modern management and marketing in practice.
Particular attention is attached to attracting foreign investors in business entities, creating favorable conditions for their active participation in corporate governance, modernization, technical and technological re-equipment of production. To this end, it is established the order which share of foreign shareholders in the authorized capital of JSC should be not less than 15%.
Personnel training issues for the sector is of great significance in reforming process. In this context it should be noted the activities of the Research and Education Center of Corporate Governance which in a short period a training of approximately 160 heads of stock, banks and enterprises of Uzbekistan was organized with the participation of leading international experts. More than half of them have been trained in the best corporations of Europe for a close study of international experience in this field.
During the introduction of innovative methods of business process management the experience of developed countries, in particular Germany is being studied. In 2015, a draft Code of Corporate Governance which was approved by 16 February 2016, have been developed together with the German company Indecon Consulting.
Adoption of the Code is intended to serve as a set of recommendations for all joint-stock companies in the process of implementation for international standards of transparent operations, increasing the responsibility of the directors, strengthening the role of minority shareholders in the management of enterprises.
On the occasion of the Code adoption an international conference on the theme of "The Code of Corporate Governance is an effective tool for the introduction of the corporate governance standards" was conducted on February 23 this year in Tashkent. The main objectives of the conference were the explanation and discussion of current trends in the improvement of the in the country and foreign states, the key directions and the provisions of the Code aimed at improving the management of joint stocks, tasks and practical recommendations to accelerate the implementation of relevant international standards and norms in the activities of joint stock companies.
Along with national experts and managers of joint stock companies and joint ventures the event was attended by representatives of international financial institutions such as the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, International Finance Corporation, the United Nations Development Programme, as well as the diplomatic corps in Uzbekistan and foreign experts.
According to participants of the conference, the developed Corporate Governance Code summarizes the best international practices adapted for use in the Joint Stock Companies of the Republic, and its successful implementation will contribute to the implementation and further advancement of the basic principles of corporate management in companies and firms of Uzbekistan on ensuring transparency of activity of JSC and JV, the protection of rights and legitimate interests of shareholders.
As a result of the presentations and discussions at the International Conference the recommendations for the speedy implementation of the document in order to achieve a balance of interests of the management bodies of JSC, shareholders and the workforce, were adopted. In addition, there was noted the need to define the maintenance of financial stability, increasing in labor productivity, the growth in production and export performance, achieving energy efficiency, the implementation of modernization, technical and technological renovation of production facilities as strategic goals of the company.
Thus, taken measures for the introduction of effective forms of management in Uzbekistan are consistent and well thought-out steps aimed at further liberalization of the market economy through the reforming, structural transformation and diversification of the economy. Undoubtedly, they will enhance the entrepreneurial activity, attract foreign investment and further economic growth.
Jahon Information Agency
Glorification of peace, well-being and prosperity
The National Park of Uzbekistan named after Alisher Navoi hosted celebrations dedicated to the national holiday Navruz.
Navruz - an invaluable heritage of our ancestors, since time immemorial embodying the best national values and traditions of our people, their good intentions and aspirations, during the years of independence has become a truly national holiday which all our fellow citizens regardless of nationality, language and religion are looking forward to.
In accordance with the Decree of the Head of our state "On the preparation and conduct of the national holiday Navruz in 2016" all-round preparation for the holiday was carried out across the country. Our people welcome this holiday with new successes, thank for the bright days and enjoy life.
March 21. the National Park of Uzbekistan named after Alisher Navoi is festively decorated.
The senators and deputies, government members, men of science, culture and art, foremost people in industry, entrepreneurs, representatives of foreign embassies and representative offices of international organizations accredited in our country, young people attend the celebration.
10:30 am. President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov arrives at the square.
Gathered people meet the Head of our state with applause.
Theme song rings.
President Islam Karimov delivered a welcoming speech at the celebrations dedicated to the Navruz holiday.
These days, when the nature awakens, flowers blossom and the entire surrounding is attired in green, I am greatly happy from the bottom of my heart to congratulate you, my dear fellow countrymen, and in your person, our whole nation on this remarkable holiday of Navruz, said the head of our state.
Navruz is the Oriental New Year with history of several millennia, which traces back with its roots to the period of «Avesto», the ancient and truly national holiday – free from any ideological and political trends. This is our most beloved and most beautiful festival of spring for all of us. Navruz - the day of the vernal equinox, which marks the beginning of a new year on the eastern calendar, embodies the traditions and customs, the eternal values of our people.
These days when the bright sun awakened nature each of us is unwittingly imbued with the spirit of spring, and we feel ourselves to be an inalienable and inseparable part of nature, we feel new strength and energy.
In these radiant and joyful moments in each and every community, foothills, gardens and grasslands of our country our fellow countrymen gather around the dastarkhans (festively laid national table) decorated with such rare viands as sumalak, khalim, kuksomsa and guja, and strive to share these springtime edibles with their family, kin and friends.
No one will remain indifferent that our people, irrespective of their nationality and ethnicity, indulge in festive mood and spend this wonderful holiday with profound joy and bliss. And they congratulate on such an occasion not only the people they know, but also those they don’t know by embracing and wishing them a sound health, happiness, prosperity and good luck.
Taking this opportunity, said Islam Karimov, I would like to express my sincere wishes, love and esteem to you, my dears, who have gathered in this sublime and beautiful square, and our entire nation.
The humanistic spirit and immortal values of Navruz are carefully passed from generation to generation. No matter how many years and epochs pass by, filling with even more profound meaning and content these very idea and customs are still nowadays playing an important role in the life of our people.
It is well-known from our millennia-old history, noted the Head of our state, in the season of Navruz any resentments and quarrels are forgotten, such humane feelings as mercy and clemency, compassion and generosity become stronger among people, nations and ethnicities.
The widespread approval of such high values of Navruz in the life, certainly would have contributed to the prevention of the tensions, conflicts and confrontations ever aggravating now in the international arena, and still ongoing bloodshed, as well as to resolving the emerging problems only by way of peace and political negotiations. Just this very approach would have met the aspirations and interests of all the nations of the world.
I am confident that in these days on the eve of the Oriental New Year, if someone asks our time-tested, kind-hearted and compassionate people, who endured so many hardships and always preserve virtue and mercy in the depth of their hearts, about their most sincere wishes in the coming year – the answer, without any doubt, will be certain: we need peace and tranquility, stressed the President of our country.
The determining factor of such a solid position in life can be seen, above all, in our ancient history, multifaceted great culture, invaluable heritage left by our great scientists and thinkers, who greatly contributed to the progress of human civilization, and in the fact that for many centuries our Homeland has been the center of spirituality and enlightenment.
Moreover, it is an open secret that from the earliest times such qualities pertaining to our people as magnanimity, tolerance, humaneness, kindness, and such characteristics as performing the God-pleasing deeds and providing righteous services in supporting those in need, receiving the blessings of elderly people, showing concern for ones without parental care, have penetrated deep into the flesh and blood of our nation.
All these phenomena have been passed through the centuries from generation to generation, enriched and eventually turned into kind human ideas, laid a solid foundation for high spiritual worldview and practical guideline of our people.
Naturally, our nation, who has such noble and rare features and qualities, lives with pure dreams and aspirations, strives for peace and prosperity, wishes for clear and blue sky, no doubt, will build its relations with all countries on the basis of mutual respect, friendship and accord, consideration of mutual interests. And our most important, priority task – to protect our country from any evils and threats.
In these joyous moments, on your behalf and on behalf of our entire nation, allow me to congratulate on the holiday of Navruz, express sincere respect and wholeheartedly welcome the ambassadors of foreign countries, representatives of international organizations, foreign partners and all our dear guests who are participating at our Navruz festivities in this beautiful square, said Islam Karimov.
Our humble, generous and big-hearted people, who are greatly contributing by their courageous work and steadfastness to make Uzbekistan more prosperous and flourishing, are making the world community surprised by their accomplishments and achievements, and are firmly resisting any forces of evil, steadily following the chosen path, highly appreciating and preserving their independence, evoke admiration by all. Standing on this high rostrum, I consider it my duty to bow low before and render homage to our people, who feature such noble qualities, said the Head of our state.
Addressing the Uzbekistan’s youth, who are our support and buttress, Islam Karimov said: the severely changing time that we experience and which is becoming more complicated puts forward before all of us the following tasks: first of all, my dear children, you are required to thoroughly master the modern knowledge and professions, utilize the intellectual wealth. Along with this, the time requires to take the competitiveness of our country in the international arena to a new level, continue modernization and diversification of our economy, and turn it into a locomotive of our progress.
Along the path of achieving these very great objectives, I believe that you, my dears, are able to justify the confidence of our people and Motherland, and I stand ready to always support all of you, stressed President of our country.
At the end of his speech, Islam Karimov from the bottom of his heart once again congratulated all people of Uzbekistan on the holiday of Navruz and wished all compatriots peace and tranquility, happiness and good health, prosperity and abundance.
... The bright sun is shining in a clear sky. Huge balloons are floating in aloft around the majestic square. Variegated flags and colorful flowers gladden the eyes.
Verdant trees, flowered decoration around a scene remind of the abundant gardens and fertile fields of our country. The sight which is familiar and close to the heart of each of our compatriot, gives upbeat mood.
Sounds of karnay-surnays ring over the square. In such life-asserting moment the hearts of our compatriots whose aspirations and thoughts are in tune with the process of awakening and renewal happening in the nature, overfill with joy and boundless gratitude for the fact that they are lucky enough once again to meet Navruz in a health, for a peaceful and prosperous life.
Navruz – messenger of any novelty and goodness. In 2015, a few days after Navruz, on March 29 an important political event in the life of our country took place - elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan were conducted. In this process which took place in full accordance with democratic principles, 90.39 percent of voters voted for Islam Karimov. This proves that our people adequately assess the enormous merits of Islam Karimov in comprehensive development of the country, building a democratic state and civil society, and improving the quality of life, and they support the continuation of ongoing reforms in all spheres.
... Under the sounds of beautiful melodies which awake spring mood in the hearts, beautiful nature and modern look of our country, the unique ancient monuments and magnificent buildings, well-planned and prosperous towns and villages appear before our eyes.
Folk songs are sounded, the folklore and ethnographic ensembles perform. Sumalyak is prepared in Kazans (spots), hot cakes are taken out from tandyrs, the young men and women sing and dance around.
In Uzbekistan the peace and tranquility, interethnic accord are recognized as a supreme value. The atmosphere of kindness, mercy, harmony and generosity is approved in our society.
Due to the peace and stability the prestige of our country in the international community is increasing. Most developed countries and leading international organizations are cooperating with Uzbekistan.
Another proof of this is an official visit of the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to our country in June 2015.
Uzbekistan's initiatives on ensuring the peace and security in the region, the fight against terrorism and crime, solving the environmental issues, health promotion, development of science, culture and art are widely supported by the UN. Our country is effectively cooperating with this organization and a number of its structures.
An international music festival "Sharq taronalari" organized on the initiative of the President of our country took place for the tenth time in 2015. This musical forum conducted under the auspices of the UNESCO, serves for the development of cultural dialogue among peoples, peace and tranquility.
Our country is committed to the course of peacefulness.
The peace - is the main factor of development. There is advancement, where peace and tranquility are, and people live with the spirit of creativity and kindness. The stable economic growth of our country confirms this.
During the years of independence Uzbekistan's economy grew by almost 6 times, real income per capita - more than 9 times. Despite the ongoing global downturn our country is among the few countries in the world which are developing steadily. The growth rate of gross domestic product has been exceeding 8 percent over the past eleven years. A balance of macroeconomic indicators, the sustainable performance of a surplus of the State budget and balance of payments, growth of export and foreign exchange reserves are being ensured.
This is the result of the "Uzbek model" of development initiated by the President of our country which was fully supported by our people and has been widely recognized in the world. These achievements - the result of selfless labor of our people - are appreciated worldwide. International expert organizations, prestigious rating agencies highly estimate the current state and prospects of development of our country.
Last year, a ranking of countries with rapidly growing economies was announced at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland. In the list on the basis of the forecast of the World Bank "Global Economic Development" Uzbekistan took the fifth place among countries with the highest annual growth in 2014-2017 years.
Structural reforms, modernization, technical and technological renovation of sectors of the economy have been consistently continuing. In 2015, investments in the amount of 15 billion 800 million US dollars were attracted for these purposes at the expense of all sources of financing. Furthermore, 158 large manufacturing entities totaling 7 billion 400 million US dollars were commissioned.
Together with South Korean investors and specialists the Ustyurt Gas Chemical Complex worth more than 4 billion US dollars was built on the basis of field Surgil, the "Afrosiyob" high-speed electric train service was established on a railway section Samarkand – Karshi. All these cause us great satisfaction and pride.
Growth and development in all areas are also reflected in the new image of our country. A large-scale creative work is carried out in towns and villages. Last year, dozens of modern multi-storey buildings, new roads and bridges were built in Tashkent. 12 000 houses on standard projects and about 170 infrastructure facilities were built in the countryside. As a result of this work the face of our cities and villages is changing and improving the life quality of the people.
According to the program of support of young people, young families receive apartments in buildings "Kamolot" which are a great help in finding a worthy place in life and upbringing children with harmoniously developed personality.
In the days of Navruz the inherent qualities of our people, as kindness, mercy, magnanimity and generosity become more stronger. All people visit each other, promote the health of patients. Venerable aksakals and mothers are under special attention and honor.
The announcement of 2015 as the Year of Attention and Care for the Older Generation on the initiative of the President of our country further increased the efficiency of work on the provision of respect and honor for the elder people, moral and material support to the veterans, strengthening their health, creating them even more convenience.
The amount of pension is increased by more than 20 percent for the purpose of financial support of the older generation. Pay rise of 100 percent of the minimum wage to the pensions of centenarians who reached 100 years of age, are introduced. Participants of the Second World War and the rear of the front received free treatment in sanatoria and health resorts.
... The children appear on the scene, and the square is filled with their joyful laughter. Merry songs and fiery dances even more raise the festive mood.
These are children who were born in the years of independence, using the special attention and care of the state grow up healthy and strong. In Uzbekistan, the idea that our children should be a stronger, better educated, wiser, and certainly happier than us, is set as a priority.
Under the guidance of President of our country in the first years of independence, special attention was paid to the upbringing of healthy generation, and this noble work continues sequentially. All conditions for strengthening maternal health, birth and formation of healthy children have been creating. Reforms on the improvement of the quality of life, the enhancement of health systems, the development of children's sports serve these high goals.
Upbringing of our young people as inferior to no one is also reflected in international competitions and contests. Last year alone, our athletes participated in 165 international competitions and won 983 medals. Young musicians and artists got 137 prizes at prestigious international competitions.
On the initiative our President 2016 was declared as the Year of a Healthy Mother and Healthy Child in our country, and this serves as yet another clear proof of special attention to this area.
… Classical music sounds over the square. Opera arias and ballet numbers, songs performed in different languages rejoice participants of the festival and foreign guests.
- Navruz is celebrated in Uzbekistan with great festive and joy, - said Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Japan to our country Fumihiko Kato. - It is noteworthy that your national traditions are perceived with great pride by the people, especially the youth. We were very pleased with the consistent development of cooperation between our countries in all spheres in the spirit of friendship and mutual trust on mutually beneficial basis. Taking this opportunity, I congratulate the people of Uzbekistan on Navruz!
... Festive celebration is in full swing. National game Ulak-Kupkari, rope-walker performances, tug-of-war games, competitions of wrestlers, weight lifting contests and a lot more are demonstrated on the monitor. Singers of lapars (national folk song) and national storytellers wish good luck to the farmers and sing about Navruz and the nature.
As a result of the development of market relations in agriculture, empowerment farmers' movement the high yield is achieved annually. Last year, our country took more than 7.5 million tons of grain, more than 3 million 350 thousand tons of cotton, about 14 million 500 thousand tons of vegetables and melons, 4.3 million tonnes of horticultural products. Therefore, during winter and summer there are abundance and price stability in our markets.
In our country, the export of finished industrial, textile, agriculture, including fruit and vegetables, products increases every year.
- Navruz - a wonderful holiday, - said Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of Germany to Uzbekistan Naythart Höfer-Wissing. - These celebrations give people joy, strengthen the atmosphere of harmony, unity, kindness and mercy. Participating in this festival we are also meet with representatives of various professions, foreign guests, and colleagues, watch the festive program with great pleasure. Upbeat mood in celebration, the joy in people's eyes are evidence of well-being, prosperity, peace and quiet life in your country.
In the days of Navruz people feel even sharper themselves as an integral part of nature, are deeply aware of the need to protect the natural world, his native land, the current peaceful life.
Since ancient times our people have been prepared for the celebrations and holidays with a special mood and spirit of creation. Our ancestors met Navruz with pure thoughts and good hopes. After all, where cleanliness and order are, there will be sufficiency, health and prosperity.
This year, as always, work on landscaping and gardening is started from the very first days of spring. During the last 12-13th of March in a national charity hashar throughout the country the mahallas and streets, alleys and landscaped parks, business areas and organizations were put in order. Places of worship and cemeteries were cleaned, and flower seedlings, fruit and ornamental trees were planted. The people visited low-income families, single elderly, people with disabilities and helped in the household works, holiday gifts were presented.
On the eve of the holiday enterprises, medical and educational institutions, service centers are put in commissioned. These objects multiply the beauty of our country, serve to further improve the level and quality of our fellow citizens life.
- Attending at the celebration of Navruz, I am convinced again that under the leadership of the President, our country is developing dynamically, the lives of our countrymen are improving, their world is changing - says private entrepreneur of the Namangan region Gani Umarov. - It is clearly felt in the spirit of today's celebrations and in a joyful mood of people. We thank for those bright and happy days. Let always in our country peace and tranquility, and our lives be better and well-maintained.
... Festive show is still in full swing. Cheerful songs performed by artists and hot dances excite the heart.
The exhibition of products of folk artists and craftsmen indicates the richness of our cultural heritage and a continuation of centuries-old traditions, and this evokes a feeling of pride and admiration.
Navruz celebrations were broadcasted via satellites in dozens of countries around the world, and with the help of the Internet people in all corners of the planet were able to watch it.
Sounds of lyrics and melodies in the square are spread to all corners of our country, the atmosphere of high festive spirit reigns everywhere.
Celebrations, festivals and sayils (outdoor fete) continue in all the cities and villages of our homeland.
Uzbek people’s pride
Gaining the independence by Uzbekistan enabled to restore historical justice, the names of our great ancestors and their rich heritage. Sahibkiran Amir Temur - a symbol of bravery, courage and wisdom, the Uzbek people’s national pride toke a special place in it.
Amir Temur’s star through many centuries is shining for today’s generations, who left an indelible mark on world history. His life is an example for the young people of our country, who want to be its worthy successors.
The outstanding military leader and political strategist built a powerful centralized state in the Mawarannahr (Land Beyond the River), based on the rule of law and respect for traditions. Being wise politician with broad horizon and subtle analytical mind, Amir Temur went down in history primarily as the creator. He surrounded himself with the best of science and culture, skilled architects, builders and artists, whose beautiful works were an indicator of the power of the state. He built the magnificent monuments which still cause an infinite pride in our compatriots, foreign visitors’ great interest and admiration.
Sahibkiran actively engaged in legislative activity. The work entitled “The Code of Timur” outlined his vision of the most effective state system and the country governing fundamental principles. Leafing through the pages of the treatise, it is impossible not to admire Amir Temur’s personal qualities and strong-willed character. Here are some of his statements: “My word was matched by my action and I never showed no one callousness, I did not show the severity in any case, so as not to undergo anger. With friends and foes treated courteously ... If someone from friends or foes came to me with a request, I spoke with friends that their friendship increased even more, and the enemies I had the attitude that their feud turned into a friendship”. The famous phrase: “One enterprising, courageous, brave, resolute and wise man is better than a thousand lazy and weak-willed. Thus one experienced better controls than thousands of people” is also in the “Code.
Our great ancestor’s noble principles, underlying on the basis of a powerful state, a just society, strengthening generosity and kindness atmosphere, population’s welfare, today have become the main criterion of modern Uzbekistan’s social and economic life.
On the initiative of President Islam Karimov, 1996 was widely celebrated the 660th anniversary of Amir Temur. The year has been named after him in the country. International conferences and exhibitions were organized under the auspices of UNESCO. Monuments to Amir Temur were built in Tashkent, Samarkand and Shakhrisabz. A lot of streets, parks and other geographic features are named after him in our country. “The Code of Timur” was restored and reprinted several times as a unique source of study of national statehood history. On the eve of the 675th anniversary of Amir Temur, an updated edition of the book with a preface by the President of Uzbekistan was published.
Along with these, Amir Timur Museum was opened in the capital Tashkent, which is the inexhaustible fount of spirituality, keeper of ancient relics and real masterpieces of art with great historical value. Its funds are stored unique items, including manuscripts, letters, coins, ceramics, bronze and copper products, decorative patterns, manuscripts, ethnographic objects, silver jewelry, and many others. Numerous exhibitions, dedicated to the epoch of the Timurids, have been held during the museum’s existence. Such significant exposure as “Samarkand-2750”, “Gifts”, “The life of Amir Temur”, “Timurids renaissance era”, “Shohruh - a monument to the creative activity of the Timurids” are among them. They tell us about the various aspects of multifaceted and creative activity of the great statesman that could serve as a vivid illustration for the young generation’s moral education in the spirit of independence, awaken national consciousness, exploring the rich traditions of the people, ancient values, respectful and careful attitude to ancestors’ invaluable heritage.
The fact that the Order called after the name of Amir Temur is also of particular attention, which is symbolizing his descendants for independence and justice, national pride, and selfless devotion to the Motherland. It took a special place in a number of high state awards, established in our country in the years of independence. It is awarded to citizens of Uzbekistan for great merits in strengthening of statehood, development of military affairs, as well as persons who are not citizens of our country, but who have made great contribution to the strengthening of international cooperation, peace and friendship between peoples. In addition, in some cases, it may become owners of enterprises, institutions, organizations, public associations, creative teams and military units, as well as administrative-territorial units of the republic.
Order “Amir Temur” is an eight-pointed star with dihedral rays. The majestic figure of Amir Temur, seated on a horse, is in its center. You should also pay attention to the inscription around the image: “Strength in justice”. This principle is the basis of our state’s modern domestic and foreign policy. The Order will remain for us a source of strength to achieve the noble goals, symbol of freedom, respect and reverence for the outstanding ancestors.
The merits of Amir Temur adequately assess not only by our country’s residents, but the entire enlightened world celebrates these days of his 680th anniversary. The life and work of one of the greatest personalities in the history of mankind, “the Savior of Europe”, as he is called in some European chronicles, attracted the attention of more and more researchers, artists and culture outside of Uzbekistan. Research-scientists of Temurids are conducting in more than 50 countries around the world. More than 900 papers in the European and more than a thousand in Oriental languages are published about Amir Temur. The archives and libraries of Venice, Spain, France, Great Britain have kept written records of the diplomatic correspondence of the outstanding statesman and his successors with many countries of the world.
Thus, the priceless heritage of Amir Temur is a source of strength and energy courageous, hardworking Uzbek people for the building of state with a great future. Conducted reforms on human exaltation, respect the principles of justice in all spheres and tangible results are its clear proof.
Jahon Information Agency
"Youth is decisive force of our today and tomorrow"
A clear social orientation is a distinctive feature of fundamental policy reforms, which are implemented under the supervision of the Head of State from the very first days of independence and aimed at building a prosperous democratic state and society.
Today, more than 60 percent of Uzbekistan's population is young people. Therefore, a key priority of all the positive changes in the country has become a concern for the upbringing of harmoniously developed younger generation as to be physically healthy and spiritually mature, intellectually rich, having not only the comprehensive knowledge and popular professions in the modern world, but also the creative, independent thinking.
Provisions of the Constitution of our Republic laid a solid legal foundation in this sphere. An important step in this direction was the adoption of the Law "On state youth policy in the Republic of Uzbekistan" dated November 20, 1991; it raised the attention to younger generation to the level of state policy.
It is important to note the National Program for Personnel Training, which, in the opinion of international experts, has no analogues in the world on importance and scale.
Presidential Resolution "On additional measures for the implementation of the Republic of Uzbekistan of the state youth policy" on February 6, 2014, became a logical continuation of gradual reforms conducted in the years of independence, and marked the beginning of a new phase of work.
At the same time, Uzbekistan annually develops a special state program, proclaiming the social direction of the current year. In particular, 2008 was declared "Year of Youth", 2010 - "Year of harmoniously developed generation", 2014 - "Year of a healthy child", and the current 2016 - "Year of a healthy mother and child". This fact testifies to the colossal activities undertaken towards creating a brighter future for the younger generation.
Our country's national model of continuous education and upbringing of harmoniously developed young generation also received the highest worldwide recognition. All stages of education, taking into account international experience, developed and introduced state educational standards that meet the requirements of time, curricula and textbooks. Advanced educational technologies and interactive teaching methods are being used widely.
Over the years of independence authorities created a new type of education, which have no analogues in CIS countries - professional colleges and academic lyceums. This work allowed to form a unique unified system of continuous training, research and production-oriented education in the training of highly qualified, competitive specialists for all sectors of economy and social sphere, providing spiritual and moral education, comprehensive creative development of young people.
The state creates thousands of new jobs each year, including through the development of small business and private entrepreneurship, where youth are increasingly involved. Thus, over the past year Uzbekistan created 990,400 jobs instead of planned 987,500, employed more than 90% of young professionals.
The high productivity of work in this area also provides an expanding social partnership between public authorities and management, and public entities, including the Women's Committee of Uzbekistan, the social movement "Kamolot", youth charitable public fund "Mahalla", the non-governmental charitable foundation "For Healthy Generation", Presidential Fund "Iste'dod" and others.
The large-scale work on the development of children's sport helps to upbring young generation physically healthy and spiritually mature personalities. In particular, if in 2005 our country engaged 30 percent of children and adolescents aged 6 to 15 years in activities, including in rural areas - 29 percent, in 2015, these figures totaled 57.2 percent and 56 percent respectively.
Results of practical work on attraction of girls to mass sports are impressive. In 2005 their number was 24 percent, in rural areas - 22 percent. It is gratifying that today 47 percent of girls are regularly involved in sports, and rates as high as 44.7 percent in rural areas.
Through the development of this sphere, promotion of healthy lifestyle of Uzbekistan's athletes achieve great success in the international arena. In season 2015 tournaments on Olympic and national sports, our compatriots have won 311 gold, 274 silver and 276 bronze medals, which is another practical proof of the impact of deeply thought-out youth policy of our country and the fact that talent and skill of our young men and women nobody inferior.
The leadership of our country also pays great attention to supporting young families. In accordance with the Presidential Resolution "On additional measures to materially and morally support young families" dated May 18, 2007, the document provided long-term favourable mortgage credits.
In the framework of promoting the improvement of their housing and living conditions on September 8, 2014, Cabinet of Ministers adopted a Resolution "On measures for further support the provision of housing for young families who are actively involved in the public life of the country."
The document provides for construction of houses and reconstruction of existing unused and unfinished facilities throughout the country into "Kamolot" multifamily housing for young families. In accordance with the resolution, they have commissioned 3 multifamily housing for 144 apartments in Andijan, Asaka and Balykchi districts, 3 multifamily housing for 192 apartments - in Bukhara, Kagan and Gijduvan area, one multifamily housing for 32 apartments - in Bektemir district of Tashkent.
In general, our country provides a complex, multi-faceted support to all young people. In fact, as President Islam Karimov emphasized repeatedly "young people are not only our hope and future, young people - a decisive force of our today and tomorrow".
Jahon Information Agency, G.Nurjanova
HEALTHY PEOPLE IS CAPABLE OF GREAT ACHIEVEMENTS
At the Oqsaroy on 11 February, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov chaired a regular meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Fund for the Development of Children’s Sports of Uzbekistan.
The head of our state expounded on the efforts undertaken by the Fund since its establishment, in particular, last year and its essence and significance.
“We have established the Fund for the development of children’s sports with high hopes and noble purposes in 2002,” said Islam Karimov. “Since then, 14 years have passed. From this point of view it would be appropriate if we analyze the work done not only in 2015, but also, to some extent, for the entire period. That is, it is necessary to talk about what we have achieved by establishing a special fund for the development of children's sports, raising it to the level of state policy, the implementation pace of initial tasks, and what conclusions we have to draw from this experience”.
“Firstly, we all know that the main task of the fund has been identified as communion with sports of our children, the younger generation from the early childhood, awakening their interest and love for the sport, upbringing the younger generation as physically and mentally healthy, harmoniously developed individuals. We have set ourselves the objective: let our boys and girls from childhood, mostly from school years, consider sports as their permanent companion in life, a true friend, and for this purpose - to create conditions and opportunities.
The results, achieved in this area in our country, were discussed in figures and examples during the meeting.
In particular, while 30 percent of children and adolescents aged 6 to 15 years, including 29 percent in rural areas were engaged in sports activities, in 2015 these figures raised to 57.2 percent and 56 percent respectively. Unquestionably, it clearly indicates changes and tremendous growth we have achieved in this direction.
Secondly, as a result of our targeted work, aimed at the development of children's sports, the quantity of sports types, in which our children are regularly involved, has been increasing. For example, the children of a given age attended classes in 43 kinds of sports in 2005, currently they are engaged in 59 sports, which reflects significant growth not only quantitative but also qualitative progress in this area.
The fact that our children are regularly engaged in such new sports like gymnastics, swimming, synchronized swimming, tennis, taekwondo, judo, karate, water polo, rowing, and taking part in prestigious continental and world competitions, climbing to the highest step of the podium, gives each of us special joy and delight, said President of Uzbekistan.
Previously, we could not even dream about such modern swimming pools, tennis courts or gym halls which operate in our country today. For example, previously, talking about swimming, we imagined only swimming in ditches or channels which do not meet elementary sanitary requirements. As a result, the cases of serious diseases rose among the population, especially children. Uzbekistan among the republics of the former Soviet Union had the highest maternal and child mortality rates, which is well known from our recent history.
Because of this very difficult situation that we have inherited from the colonial system, in 2000 about 6 thousand out of 100 thousand children suffered from acute respiratory viral infections, 576 from pneumonia, 449 from bronchitis, 310 from scoliosis.
As a result, we carried out extensive work on the progressive realization of economic, social, domestic, medical and other measures, systematic development of children's sports. The incidence of acute respiratory viral infections among children aged 6-15 years, involved in sports, declined by 47.3%, pneumonia by 55.6%, bronchitis by 61.7%, scoliosis by 45.5%, which delight us all as we have achieved an important result, Islam Karimov said. Every parent sees such positive changes on the example of his family, his children, and is deeply aware of the impact and importance of sports in this direction.
Thirdly, it is also necessary to highlight our efforts on attracting girls to sport. The indicators in 2005 were 24%, including in rural areas 22%. It is gratifying that today 47% of girls, including 44.7% in rural areas regularly engage in sports.
Looking at cross-regional data for 2015, we can see that the number of girls, engaged in sports in Fergana region was 47.6%, in Namangan region – 47.5%, Samarkand and Khorezm regions – 47.4%, which surely deserve special attention.
We must further continue this work, said President Islam Karimov. Looking at girls, we see future mothers who will give life and educate future generations – the hope and support of our people. That is, if a girl is healthy and happy, her family and children will also be healthy and happy. Healthy and happy family leads to prosperous and healthy society. We should never forget about it.
We paid particular attention to training women coaches, adopted special regulations, in order to raise the interest of girls in sports, to promote sports among them. All of these measures are yielding results today. Previously it was very difficult to find mentors in the field of sports. In rural areas, it was even impossible.
With all this in mind, a new, effective system of motivation of highly qualified sports coaches, including female coaches has been implemented in our country, which is yielding its results. The fact that the number of coaches and sports mentors in 2015 compared with 2005 has increased by 1.5 times, including women-trainers by 3.8 times is a bright indication of our achievements.
Fourthly, a noble work aimed at ensuring the future of our children also finds its practical incarnation in the physical growth and development of the younger generation, Islam Karimov said. For example, currently the share of 14-year old boys, whose rates of growth satisfy the standards of the World Health Organization, constitutes 97.9% in Tashkent, 97.6% in Namangan region, 97.1% in Kashkadarya region, 96.8% in Bukhara region, 94.2% for the whole country. In other words, the height of our boys and girls at the age of 14 over the last ten years on average has increased by 2.8 centimeters.
Another important result, accomplished in this direction can be seen in the fact that the number of boys fits for military service rose from 63.4% in 2000 to 86.3% in 2015, their height increased by 5.9 centimeters and averaged 171.7 cm, the weight went up for 6.2 kg. to an average of 67.8 kg.
Fifthly, it is obvious that regular engagement in sports form a healthy worldview in our children, strengthen their will, create a solid basis for the formation of their masculine personalities, able to bravely overcome various challenges and difficulties. The most important thing that sports-minded children will not succumb to the negative effects of alien destructive ideas, Islam Karimov said.
Currently, our youth spend their meaningful free time in modern football fields, built in towns and villages. Such work is yielding results. Our life, consciousness, the attitude towards ourselves, our health, future are changing, and the role of sports in this process along with many other positive factors is great, said the President of our country.
Sixth, it’s not a secret for anyone that sports, along with the promotion of health, is also a huge factor in the glorification of any country, any state in the world. Successes and victories, achieved by our sportsmen in international competitions stir feelings of pride and admiration, even stronger love for the Motherland in our hearts.
Our ancient history, rich culture has had many great thinkers, invincible commanders, wrestlers, and we are very proud of them today. Our youth today reaches high heights in all spheres as a worthy successor to such great ancestors, including in sports, raising on the highest step of the podium in the world, increasing the sense of pride and honor of our people.
Our talented athletes are demonstrating through their great victories on the international arenas that the youth of Uzbekistan are not inferior to anyone in no way.
It will suffice to cite the following facts: last year alone 1668 of our athletes, including 567 girls participated in 165 international competitions, won 983 medals, young talents – the talented musicians and performers won 137 prize-winning places and 76 of them were awarded the Grand Prix and first places at prestigious international competitions.
Our children, who reach such lofty goals, may be considered as worthy representatives of millions of young men and women of Uzbekistan. Such youth is an example for thousands and thousands of peers, encouraging them to achieve big goals, said the head of state.
Islam Karimov emphasized that in the process of manufacturing sports equipment and sportswear it is necessary to pay attention to the quality, convenience, and their compliance with international standards. It is also important to establish licensing procedure for the manufacture of sports stock, developing a competitive environment in this sphere.
The head of state particularly noted the need for a more extensive attraction of girls to physical education and sports, creation of favorable conditions for them in swimming pools, improving the activity of the women's committees.
Seventh, the role of music education, introduction to art, in line with the sports are of great importance in the formation of physically healthy and harmoniously developed personalities. If the physical culture and sport bring up the will of a person, strengthen their health, music gives them spiritual food, enriches the inner world and forms the most delicate feelings.
No doubt, a person who loves music is far from evil and ignorance. Therefore, along with the construction of children's sports facilities as a priority, we also should attach great importance to the construction of children's schools of music and art.
If to analyze the preliminary results of our work on the example of rural areas of the country, it becomes obvious that we have implemented noteworthy significant work, Islam Karimov said.
At present 191 children's schools of music and art have been built in 157 rural districts of the country.
We are all glad that such institutions, built on a completely new basis, serve to the formation of independently thinking young generation who have mastered modern knowledge and professions, who will build a great future of Uzbekistan thanks to its tremendous creative and intellectual potential.
The nation, which educates such youth and have set before itself these great goals, will never deviate from chosen path, and will definitely achieve these objectives, said the President of our country.
The announcement of the year 2016 as the Year of a Healthy Mother and Child is widely supported by all people.
In this sense, it is no exaggeration to say that this year will mark a new phase in the activities of the Fund for development of children's sports.
Sports is most important and strong factor in the education of harmoniously developed generation and continues to be so. Sports is, first and foremost, a healthy generation, healthy future. Only healthy people, healthy nation are capable to great accomplishments, Islam Karimov said.
Enhancing the role of physical education and sports in forming a healthy generation, further strengthening the material-technical base and personnel potential on the basis of international standards, and most importantly, engagement of every child and every family to the sports should remain one of our most important tasks, said the head of state.
First Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Minister of Finance R.Azimov, Deputy Prime Minister B.Zokirov, Deputy Minister of Public Education – Executive Director of the Fund for the Development of Children’s Sports E.Iskandarov, heads of a range of ministries and agencies as well as hokims of regions spoke on the issues discussed.
Corresponding decisions were adopted on the issues deliberated at the meeting.
Zakhiriddin Muhammad Babur
Uzbekistan celebrates the birthday of the great poet and educator, a talented military leader and statesman Zakhiriddin Muhammad Babur on February 14. He made a significant contribution to the development of world science and art.
“Kabul divans” and “Indian divans” (poetic collections), memoirs “Baburnama” and his other works had a decisive influence on the formation of the Uzbek literary and artistic thought. The scientific works of Babur allowed creating a comprehensive view of geography, ethnography, flora and fauna of Central Asia, Afghanistan, India at the end of 15th - beginning of 16th centuries.
Zakhiriddin Babur was born in 1483 in Andijan, when he was 12 he became the ruler of Ferghana. He founded a centralized state in 1526 in India, which lasted more than three centuries. Babur ruled this empire only five years, but during this period, he held numerous progressive reforms: prospered Agra and Delhi, built palaces on the banks of Yamuna river, cut taxes, upgraded the water supply system.
Among the scientific works of Babur “Treatise on aruz” is of particular importance; the work is devoted to the study of philological poetry foundations. “Baburnama” is considered rightly as the pinnacle of his creativity, a work which depicted historical events, outstanding personalities, and natural scenery. In addition, it is a kind of encyclopedia, containing scientific information on many aspects of life of that era. Also “Baburname” used tradition and other elements of folklore, is about descriptions of traditions and rituals.
Uzbek people are proud of the outstanding poet and brilliant scientist Babur’s masterpieces, which still are the link of cultural relations between the peoples of Central Asia, Afghanistan and India. In these countries, subject of hundreds of scientific and literary works, movies are dedicated to our ingenious countryman.
The poet’s script works are kept in museums of France, Britain, the United States and other countries. For example, a unique copy of the work “Vakoyi-i-Baburi” was discovered in Iran, which includes “Mubayin”, a treatise on Islamic jurisprudence. The manuscript, accompanied by commentary and a Persian translation, served as the object of further research as an example of calligraphy and book art. Unknown lists of Babur’s divans manuscript were previously found in the funds of Salar Jung Museum of Hyderabad (India).
As a result of Uzbek and foreign scientists’ joint scientific and practical research, copies of the principal manuscripts of our illustrious ancestor’s works were delivered to Uzbekistan, so “Paris list of Babur’s divans”, album “Miniatures for “Baburname” – a winner at international book fairs, “Treatise on aruz” and many others were published here.
Independence gave us unlimited opportunities to explore deeper and fuller precious facets of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur’s creativity, to make his heritage a property of the international community.
The Uzbek model of development – basis of the country's prosperity
Selection of development path, most loyal to our country and known worldwide as the Uzbek model, was an important milestone in the history of independent Uzbekistan.
It led to a follow-up processes of large-scale work towards achieving political and economic independence, a new stage in the history of national statehood.
The basis of this model of building a democratic state and civil society have laid down five principles of transition to a market economy. Priority of economy over politics, placing the state as main reformer, rule of law, strong social policy, phased and evolutionary reforms are among them.
In order to ensure the effectiveness of this approach, it is necessary to trace achievements of our country over the years of sovereign development.
Thus, thanks to the gradual implementation of reforms Uzbekistan became the first among CIS countries to overcome the decline of 90s, and in 1996 achieved positive economic growth, which has been accelerated dramatically in recent years not due to favorable world prices for raw materials, but on the sound basis of diversifying economy, implementation of structural reforms and active investment policy.
The country has achieved dramatic changes in dynamics and structure of economy, development of production and export capacity, social sphere, level and quality of life. Suffice it to say that between 1990 and 2014 republic‘s GDP at purchasing power parity increased by 6.3 times – from 27.1 up to 171.416 billion US dollars, and its growth rates over 11 years remain at around 8%.
The national economy has changed quantitatively and qualitatively. The proportion of industries and services has been consistently increased in the structure of GDP. The indicators, respectively, 17.6% and 33.8% in 1990, then it reached 33.5% and 54.5% in 2015. In turn, through the optimization of structure of sown areas and increase in productivity, efficient use of modern technologies in agriculture, the share of agricultural sector gradually decreased from 33.4% in 1991 to 16.6% in 2015. At the same time country achieved enormous progress in the sphere of food security. Today, republic's agriculture not only covers domestic demand for food products, but also provides significant expansion of export capacity.
We must not forget that in the last twenty years the world economy has experienced a number of shocks, including - the global financial crisis of 1997-1998, many sharp declines in stock and commodity markets, as well as the global financial and economic crisis that began in 2008 and lasted until present. However, even in these difficult conditions, our economy has demonstrated its reliability and resilience to external shocks, while implementation of timely and targeted anti-crisis program has created new opportunities for modernization of production and increase of competitiveness of exporters.
Implementation of measures provided for this program, along with a solid economic foundation established during the previous years, has ensured sustainable development of Uzbek economy in 2008 and first quarter of 2009, when GDP grew by 7.9%. Thus, results of reforms became more vivid in conditions of global financial and economic crisis in other countries, and these glorious achievements today attract a growing interest of world expert and business community.
It should be noted that the basis of Uzbek model also include issues related to development of social sphere, further increase in level and quality of life. Social regulation not only provides protection of vulnerable populations, but also mitigates income differentiation processes, process of property separation between social groups.
According to President’s report on the results of socio-economic development in 2015 and the major priorities for 2016, in current year 59.1% of total State budget expenditure will be allocated for social sphere, including for education – 33.7%, for healthcare – 14%. At the same time the costs of current maintenance and development of education sector will be increased against the previous year by 16.3%, healthcare - at 16%.
The state allocates considerable resources to implement the policy of care for the welfare of citizens. This can be seen in allocation of State budget. In 1990 only 31% of spending was directed to finance the social sphere, in 2015 this figure totaled 59.2%.
Today, another strategic priority for the modern development of Uzbekistan is to ensure the formation of even more favorable investment climate and business environment for doing business.
In addition, based on experience of developed countries and entrepreneurship, handicrafts traditions inherent to our people, the state is focusing on the development of small business and private entrepreneurship. This rapidly developing sector, which in 2015 ensured the production of 56.7% of GDP, is playing rightly a leading role in dynamic development of Uzbekistan.
Thus, in 2015 investments in equivalent of 15.8 billion US dollars has been drawn and disbursed from all financing sources, which demonstrated an increase of 9.5% against 2014. At the same time more than 3.3 billion US dollars, or over 21% of all investments – were foreign investments, of which foreign direct investments amounted to 73%.
It is important to emphasize that the validity and correctness of another important aspect of their own development model, which consists in defining the role of state in implementation of reforms, confirmed today, is observed even in developed countries, increasing the state's role in regulating the economy, taking place in connection with global financial and economic crisis.
Jahon Information Agency
Uzbek agriculture: progress and achievements
Saturation of the domestic food market, achievement of production self-sufficiency in domestic market and food security are priority directions of development of agricultural sector, which is an important sector of Uzbekistan’s economy. Effective implementation of these tasks will allow solving such pressing social issues as employment of population, their well-being, urban and rural development.
Over the years of independence Uzbekistan's agricultural policy went through significant changes. State’s and collective sectors’ agricultural enterprises were abolished. Instead of them they have established farmer enterprises who have implemented advanced technology management. This allowed it to diversify the agricultural sector, to develop animal husbandry, poultry farming, fish farming, horticulture, gardening and beekeeping.
Currently, more than 67,800 farms operate in the country. Their activities are regulated by the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On farmer enterprise" and President’s Resolution "On measures for further improvement of the organization and the development of farming in Uzbekistan".
Last year, our country has developed more than 17,500 farms and more than 250 thousand new jobs. The largest number of farms established in Tashkent, Jizzakh, Namangan, Samarkand, Kashkadarya, Ferghana, Andijan regions and the Republic of Karakalpakstan.
The introduction of system of preferential crediting of agricultural projects and expanding service networks in rural areas became real support for farmers through the supply of fuel and lubricants, biological and chemical fertilizers, plant protection products, seeds and others.
Since late 90s the country achieved stable growth of agricultural sector, constituting an annual 6-7 percent Over 24 years, the volume of agricultural products increased more than twice. This, in turn, allowed saturating the market and increasing the consumption of basic foodstuffs several times. For example, last year, it is grown 12.592 million tons of vegetables, including potatoes, 1.85 million tons of melons, 1.556 million tons of grapes, 2.731 million tons of fruits.
The average yield of wheat in the country reached 55 quintals per hectare, and in some areas it totaled 60-77 quintals per hectare, which is a great success of our farmers. Their invaluable contribution to replenishment of treasury of our country have made and cotton growers of the country, brought together more than 3 million 350 thousand tons of raw sugar. In 2015, total volume of agricultural production increased by almost 7 percent.
High yields were provided mainly due to intensification of agricultural production, improvement of selection and implementation of recognized varieties of cotton and cereal crops, development of modern agricultural technologies.
Along with this, high quality structural changes in agriculture in the next four years. In particular, planned gradual reduction of the volume of production and procurement of raw cotton from 3 million 350 thousand tons to 3 million tons. This will free up about 170,500 hectares of irrigated land where cotton yield does not exceed 12-15 quintals per hectare, while yields in the country an average of 26.1 quintals per hectare. As a result, fruit and vegetables will be sown and planted on unleashed cotton fields.
As noted at the final meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan, up to 2020 it is provided to bring the production volumes of cereal crops up to 8.5 million tons with an increase of 16.4 percent, to increase potato production by 35 percent, other vegetables - by 30 percent, fruits and grapes - by 21.5 percent, meat - by 26.2 percent, milk - by 47.3 percent, eggs - by 74.5 percent, fish - 2.5 times. At the same time significantly increase the volume of exports of these types of food.
Increase in productivity of agricultural crops puts in the forefront further industrialization of agriculture and processing of this raw material base, establishment of appropriate infrastructure to ensure preservation of quality of harvest. Thanks to the selfless work of all rural workers in 2015 built and refurbished 230 enterprises in industrial processing of agricultural products, commissioned 114 new cold stores with a capacity 77,800 tons. Thus, the total capacity of storage of fruits and vegetables increased to 832 thousand tons. This helps to ensure the population on a regular basis in agricultural products, increasing their exports and maintain price stability.
However, special attention is paid to the welfare of rural workers, creation of favorable living conditions that meet the modern requirements, improvement of quality of housing and communal services.
As a result of implementation of State Program for construction of rural individual housing on standard projects for 2009 – 2013, in 159 rural areas 1248 new complex residential areas have been created, where more than 33.5 thousand modern and comfortable individual houses have been built on an area of more than 4.6 million square meters. 1677 kilometers of water supply networks, 1,039 kilometers of electric grids, 1346 kilometers of gas supply networks and 981 kilometers of roads have been put into operation, as well as more than a thousand objects of social and market infrastructure.
In the current year, 13 thousand individual houses in 305 residential communities will be built in the republic. In the process of construction of new residential communities 300.5 kilometers of water networks, 296.3 kilometers of electric networks, 307.5 kilometers of gas networks, 264.8 kilometers of access roads will be constructed. Here will be built 175 objects of social and market infrastructure, including 35 guzars, 25 shopping malls, 34 markets, 36 bakeries, 39 complexes of consumer services and 6 mini-banks.
Implementation of these and other projects in rural area, of course, will enhance the welfare of population, and as a result will lead to further development of agriculture and growth of productivity in this area.
Jahon Information Agency
ICT an important factor of national progress
From the first days of independence Uzbekistan has paid great attention to the comprehensive development of information and communication technologies and their wide application in all spheres of life of state and society.
Over a short period the authorities created the legal framework conducive to further formation and progress of market of IT-technologies.
In particular, in 1992 the Law "On telecommunications" was adopted, which established general principles of progressive promotion of the industry. Issues of ICT legal regulation received further development in the Law "On information" dated December 11, 2003. President's Resolutions "On measures for further implementation and development of modern information and communication technologies" dated March 21, 2012 and "On further development of computerization and introduction of information and communication technologies" dated May 30, 2002, became important documents in this direction.
At present the Complex program of development of National information and communication system of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2013-2020 is being implemented. This program was approved by President's Resolution dated June 27, 2013.
Making a statement at enlarged meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers dedicated to the socio-economic development in 2015 and the most important priorities of economic program for 2016, President Islam Karimov noted that in today's conditions in the era of Internet and electronics, the widespread introduction of information and communication technologies in the fields of economy, radical acceleration of creation of system "Electronic government" are of priority significance. As the head of our state underlined, development of ICT has a direct impact on the level of competitiveness of the country, allows you to collect and summarize vast amounts of information, offers great opportunities for management at strategic level.
The task of regular improving of the governance, strengthening the capacity of IT-industry was entrusted to the Ministry for development of information technologies and communications, created by the Resolution of the Head of our state dated February 4, 2015. In addition, since 2002 a Centre for development and introduction of computer and information technologies UZINFOCOM operates, which assists in the development and implementation of national programs of computerization and introduction of ICT in all sectors of public administration, economic and social spheres.
Over the past years, the country carried out systematic work on development of Internet, mobile communications and other areas, on formation of high-tech base of modernization of national economy.
The basis for development of ICT in Uzbekistan is the telecommunications infrastructure.
The current stage of development of telecommunications technologies, networks and communication infrastructure of the country is characterized by expansion of fixed and mobile broadband access, increase of switching centers for data transfer and voice traffic, modernization of trunk lines, as well as creation of infrastructure for development of multimedia services.
Over the past 20 years in many regions of the country more than 2,000 kilometers of fiber-optic cables have been laid. They are designed for broadband access to modern technology and provision of converged services such as video telephony, high-speed Internet, watching HDTV-channels and others. Due to the measures taken in 2015, the overall rate of use of international information networks increased by 42.3% compared to 2014 and amounted to 15.5 Gb/s.
Today, all mobile operators operating in our country, consistently introduce the fourth generation network 4G LTE, which allows to handle a large volume of information on Internet quickly and efficiently, download and view video streaming and high-quality photos, use online applications in education purposes and for business. All of these technologies enable Internet users in Uzbekistan to expand their usual ability to work with ICT.
In 2014-2015 Program of development of broadband access networks on Wi-Fi technology has been implemented successfully in the Republic of Uzbekistan. As a result of comprehensive measures at airports, railway stations, places of frequent-stay travelers, parks, shopping malls and other public places of the capital and each administrative center of republic Wi-Fi points have been created.
The high development rates of national Internet segment should be separately noted. Uzbekistan has 10.2 million web users. According to UZINFOCOM center, in January 2016 the number of websites in the UZ zone exceeded 25 thousand, while growth totaled more than 30% compared to same period of last year.
The use of ICT and software products in the management and production processes plays a major role in the development of sectors of the economy and the domestic industry. For instance, in 2014-2015 in the framework of a special state program 86 projects have been realized in order to introduce information systems in large joint-stock companies, associations and organizations totaling more than 330 billion soums.
Particular attention is paid to development of national market of software products.
In order to stimulate domestic programmers the National register of software developers has been created, which already included 69 companies. A directory of software manufacturers Software.uz has been developed that provides necessary information to citizens and businesses.
According to the Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On measures to further strengthen the incentives of domestic software developers" dated September 20, 2013 new benefits and preferences for members of software industry were introduced. Thus, they are exempt from customs duties for imported equipment for their own use, components, parts, technical documentation and software until January 1, 2017.
It is known that interactive public services are of particular importance in protection of human rights and freedoms, saving time and expenditures for obtaining necessary information and services.
A consistent work on formation of "Electronic government" is carried out in the country. The activity of the Governmental portal of the Republic of Uzbekistan (gov.uz) and the The single portal of interactive state services (SPISS), located on the Internet at my.gov.uz, has been established.
Functional of SPISS expands dynamically, 235 kinds of interactive services are being rendered through it. Over the past five years this system received in total more than 200 thousand electronic applications of citizens and businessmen. Making an online appointment with the heads of government agencies, receipt of information on their activities, various inquiries and sending requests became popular. In January 2015, the portal has launched a new system for discussion of draft legal acts related to business activities, and evaluation of existing documents. To date, 80 draft laws have been discussed through this system, 9 of them have been improved taking into account the opinions of citizens. At this time, the discussion of more than 20 legal acts continues.
Information system E-Sud for electronic proceedings is functioning effectively since 2004. Through its implementation, procedures such as keeping registration books, document management within court, direction of judicial notifications and procedural acts, familiarization of sides with case are completely automated now.
All educational institutions of the republic are connected to ZiyoNET network, which is functioning since 2005.
In the library of portal, which was updated in 2014, has more than 75 thousand units of informative-educational resources, including textbooks, dissertations, research papers and others.
As part of implementation of resolution of Head of our state "On measures on further improvement of foreign language learning system" dated December 10, 2012, "Foreign Languages" section has been created on ZiyoNET, which includes over four thousand materials such as textbooks, interactive lessons, games, relevant video and audio.
The country regularly hosts major events dedicated to the development of hi-tech industry.
In particular, Week of information and communication technologies ICTWeek Uzbekistan is being held since 2004. Traditionally it is opened with national exhibition of information technologies ICTExpo, which takes place once in two cities - Tashkent and Samarkand. The exhibition presents existing and future forms of ICT-based services, oriented to business community and authorities, and general population. Among the important events of the week - The Forum for Information and Communication Technologies ICTForum, wh ere representatives of leading companies, industry experts and foreign experts discuss state and prospects of progress in this sphere.
As part of the week conferences BestSoft Uzbekistan are also being held, during which they demonstrate the latest achievements of software developers, and e-Government Uzbekistan dedicated to the strategic objectives in the field of "e-government", results of implemented projects, exchange of experience and ideas in this direction.
Training of personnel in the development of ICT sector is topical.
Currently, major domestic centers of integration of education, science and industry - Tashkent State Technical University (TSTU) and Tashkent University of Information Technologies (TUIT) - train specialists in technical direction and for IT sector. In 2013, TUIT opened two new master's direction - management of the system "Electronic Government", and library science. At the same time, these universities carry out scientific research on the basis of active cooperation with leading industrial enterprises of the country.
From October 1, 2014 the branch of the prestigious South Korean Inha University began its activity in Tashkent. Professionals in areas such as computer and software engineering, computer network engineering are trained here.
Thus, the domestic IT-industry is developing successfully, joint ventures are being created, new software projects are being developed and implemented, Internet is gaining more space. Ongoing consistent measures in this direction contribute to further development of information society in Uzbekistan and its integration into the global information space.
Jahon Information Agency
The pride of Uzbek people
Alisher Navoi was one of great people, who has had a profound effect on formation of people’s spirituality. If we call him great holy man, he is the most holy among the saints, if we name him the thinker, he is the best among them, if to name him a poet, then he is King among the poets.
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan
February 9 is the birthday of Alisher Navoi, the glorious son of the Uzbek people. This date is annually widely celebrated in all cities and regions of the country. In Tashkent, the poet’s admirers, as usual on this day, will gather at the foot of the majestic monument to Alisher Navoi, which is located in the National Park of Uzbekistan named after him, to pay tribute to the great ancestors.
The biography of the talented poet and an outstanding thinker has long attracted the attention of many historians and orientalists and literary critics. The whole works are dedicated to its research; even schools of Navoi stydies are established. But the relevance of the study is not reduced over the time, because every Navoi’s work deserves volume analysis. His poetics is extremely interesting, diverse with techniques and attitudes are an unusually progressive.
He was born in 1441, Herat, one of the main cultural centers of the East at that time, and since childhood absorbed the beauty and refinement of literary language Farsi, Alisher very early realized his mission to become the founder of Uzbek literature. While studying at school, he was fond of reading poetry, especially admiring the lines of Saadi’s “Gulistan” and “Bustan” and Farid ud-DinAttar’s poem “The conversation of the birds."
The future governor of Khorasan Hussein Baykara was among Navoi’s schoolmates, who came to power in 1469. The years of his reign were a time of flourishing of Uzbek literature. The Sultan himself contributed a lot to it; he was a poet, author of interesting gazelles. Since that time, a new stage in the life of Navoi had begun. He was actively involved in the country’s political life. At the same year, the governor of Khorasan appointed Navoi to the position of Keeper of the state’s seals (muhrdar), and Vizier in 1472. Being on this position, he made a great contribution to cultural and scientific intelligentsia of the country.
The poet on his savings erected over a hundred objects in Herat and other cities, including madrassas, mosques, baths, bridges, khanaka, hospitals, bazars, developed many of the streets. The great poet, a wise statesman was fully connected with the people only and lived with his dreams and concerns. In particular, he directed most of the own funds to charity.
In 1487-1489 years, Alisher Navoi had served as head of the city Astrabad then returned to Herat. Since then, a new era began in the poet’s life; he was more concerned with creativity. The bulk of his works was created during this period.
Navoi wrote his greatest work “Hamsa” (“Quinary”), which consists of five poems – “Abrar ul-Khairat” (“The confusion of the righteous”), “Farhad va Shirin” (“Farhad and Shirin”) “Layli va Majnun”, “Sabai Sayar” (“Seven Planets”) and “Saddi Iskandari” (“Wall of Iskandar”) in 1483-1485. They were created on the basis of tradition hamsawriting - creating Pyateritca (five poems). Navoi’s “Hamsa” became the first work in this genre, created in Turkic language. He proved that you can create a dimensional work in the Turkic language.
Navoi tried almost all popular genres of the East literature, and showed that he had his voice and style. Alisher Navoi lifted Uzbek literature to a new high pedestal through his poetry. In 1498, he compiled a collection of his poems entitled “Hazain al-Mahon” (“Treasury of thoughts”). All the poems of this collection have a volume of more than 50 000 lines.
Treatises “Muhakamat-ul-Lugatayn” and “Mizan al-Awzan” are considered as Priceless scientific works of Navoi, in which he examined versification, linguistics, and then on the basis of his research convincingly proved the Turkic language’s benefits and richness. Navoi also created scientific works. They include the works of literary criticism “Majalis al-nafais” (“Collection of refined”), “Mezan al-Awzan” (“Libra size”) on the theory aruz, “Mufradat” on the theory of muamma genre. He also wrote treatises on historical subject “Tarixi muluki Ajam” (“History of Iranian kings”) and “Tarixi anbiya va hukam” (“History of the prophets and the sages”). The latest work of Navoi is “Mahbub ul-qulub” which expressed his views on social and political topics.
Thus, Alisher Navoi was the first outstanding poet who discovered colorful, unusually shaped world, the world of the Uzbek language, its richness and elegance. This world was captured in considerable legacy of poet and thinker - nearly 30 poetry collections, major poems, prose, and scientific treatises.
Alisher Navoi’s creativity is still of interest throughout the world, it is evidenced by the works of the great poet which are ctranslated into English, French, German and many other languages. Deep philosophy of his work, rich in metaphor, a variety of poetic images attract the fans of literature. In other words, the secret of undying fame of Navoi’s works lies in their high artistic level.
During the years of independence, Uzbekistan has paid special attention to the detailed study of the poet, publishing his works. At the initiative of the Head of State the Year of Alisher Navoi was declared in 1991. The complete works of the poet were published in twenty volumes. Numerous majestic monuments of our ancestor were built over the past period in the country and abroad. A large number of international conferences, devoted to the works of Alisher Navoi were held in the republic, as well as in the countries such as France, Belgium, Japan, Russia, USA, Germany, Kazakhstan and many others
Chairman of Writers’ Union of Uzbekistan,
People’s writer of Uzbekistan
The great Uzbek poet revered worldwide
From the first days of independence under the leadership of President Islam Karimov Uzbekistan carries out extensive work on revival and enhancement of national values, to perpetuate memory of our great ancestors, who made an invaluable contribution to world civilization, study and promotion of their rich heritage. A prominent Uzbek poet, thinker, statesman Nizamiddin Mir Alisher Navoi occupies a special place in their series.
Such high qualities, as equity, mutual acceptance and generosity, respect for parents, compassion and desire to help the needy, friendship between the peoples, contribution to prosperity of the motherland, education of the young generation as harmoniously developed person find their place on the current stage of development of our country, in particular during ongoing socio-economic, spiritual and educational reforms.
As President Islam Karimov noted in his book "High spirituality is an invincible force", the history of world literature knows few such poets as Alisher Navoi, who earnestly expressed all the joys and sorrows of human soul, humanity and essence of life. Love to the native language, a sense of awareness of its immense wealth and greatness are formed in us primarily due to the works of Navoi. The more our people, young people will become involved in this priceless heritage, the more successful will be the process of forming good humanistic qualities in society.
His works have been widely studied in secondary schools, colleges and high schools, universities, serve as an inexhaustible source of inspiration for composers, musicians and artists. New songs on ghazals (poems) of poet, literary and artistic works, devoted to his art are represented for attention of our people. This plays an important role in educating younger generation in spirit of patriotism, dedication, sense of belonging to the fate of the Motherland.
Extant literary heritage of Alisher Navoi is large and varied – nearly 30 books of poetry, poems, scientific works and poetic treatises that fully reveal the spiritual life in Central Asia at the end of 15th century. In the years of independence his complete works in 20 volumes published in our country.
The peak of creativity of Navoi is considered to be the famous "Khamsa" ("Quinary") - a collection of five poems "Confusion of righteous", "Leyli and Majnun", "Farhad and Shirin", "Seven Planets", "Iskander’s Wall" based on the national epic - popular at that time the form of exposition of philosophical and artistic outlook. This monumental epic cycle is considered to be an invaluable example of Uzbek classical literature, which became a great monument of world literature.
Another undoubted contribution was Alisher Navoi’s introduction of old Uzbek language along with Persian in creativity of literary men. Before him no one has written in this language, believing that it’s too rough for poetry. Thus, the work of the poet has had an undeniable impact on development of not only Uzbekistan, but also on other Turkic-speaking literatures.
The fact that National Library of Uzbekistan, State Academic Bolshoi Theater of Opera and Ballet, Institute of Language and Literature under Academy of Sciences, Museum of Literature, a leading industrial center - city of Navoi, station of subway, streets and neighborhoods have been named after Alisher Navoi testifies that our country carefully honor the memory of this great son of Uzbek people.
In addition, in accordance with Resolution of President of our country "On measures to encourage students of Uzbekistan", a scholarship named after Alisher Navoi has been established for talented senior students of humanitarian faculties with excellent performance and participating in creative work.
Merits of brilliant Uzbek poet have been assessed adequately not only by our people, but by entire enlightened world, which widely celebrates 575-anniversary of his birth in these days. Works of Alisher Navoi are truly precious pearl of world treasury of knowledge. They still provoke genuine interest in the world, which is evidenced by works of poet translated into English, French, German and many other languages.
In various countries out of respect for memory of poet his monuments have been built, once again emphasizing the global importance of a rich spiritual heritage of our great ancestors, great creative potential of the Uzbek people. At present time, in recognition of outstanding thinker the streets in Almaty, Baku and Ashgabat, Prospect in Kiev are holding his name. A crater on Mercury is named after him. Monuments of outstanding poet set up in Moscow, Tokyo, Baku, Osh, bas-relief in Mazar-e Sharif.
In order to further study and microfilming of manuscript monuments of Uzbek literature, namely to identify the works of Alisher Navoi, State Museum of Literature and Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan organized scientific expeditions and trips to the most famous storerooms of the world.
Thus, from the libraries of France and England brought photocopies of the rare instances of literary heritage "Kulliyat" of Alisher Navoi, as well as artistically decorated manuscripts of his works. Miniatures for books of Navoi published by scientists have been awarded medals at international book fairs. In addition, as a result of archaeographic expeditions to foreign countries copies of manuscripts of works of Uzbek literature brought from National Library of France, British Museum, libraries "Indiana Office" and "Bodlenskoy", Windsor Royal Library and Library of University of Oxford, book funds of Afghanistan, India, Iran, Turkey and United States, including works of Alisher Navoi, which today are the heritage of Uzbek people.
Thus, the world of images and feelings of Alisher Navoi spiritualized poetry of many peoples, especially the Uzbek literature, the first great representative of which he was. After several centuries, his works remain attractive and relevant, so far as ideological basis of his creativity present humanism, justice, thoughts and aspirations of happy life for all people, faith in mind and progress.
Jahon Information Agency
Trips to Uzbekistan are joyful and interesting
Our country represents a rich world for tourists. A unique location at the crossroads of the Silk Road is an important factor in the dynamic development of this sector in Uzbekistan, as well as the fact that the country has more than 7,000 monuments of different epochs and civilizations, many of which are included in UNESCO World Heritage List.
Only in one of Samarkand - the capital of the great state of Amir Temur - focused a lot of attractions, which are famous today around the world. Architectural ensemble Registan, Ulugbek observatory, famous mausoleum of Amir Temur, Bibi Khanum Mosque have become city's decoration. This mausoleum was built by the order of Amir Temur, who is considered one of the finest examples of medieval architecture of the East.
Sacred Bukhara is not inferior to Samarkand's abundance and importance of historical monuments and places of worship
Majestic minarets, mosques and madrassas, bazaars and shopping domes, havuz-pools and areas are witnessing 2500 year history of Bukhara. Along with it Khiva, Shakhrisabz, Termez with equally rich centuries-old history and unique architectural masterpieces, has roused the admiration of ancestors and contemporaries.
Since independence Uzbekistan has developed radically new principles of state policy in the sphere of tourism. Thus, July 27, 1992 according to Resolution of the President Islam Karimov, National Company "Uzbektourism" has been created. This company was entrusted with the task of implementing state policy in this direction, formation of a national model of tourism development.
In 1999 the Law "On Tourism" was adopted. Its main purpose is legal regulation of relations in the field of hospitality sector and protection of the rights and legitimate interests of travelers and subjects of this sector.
In subsequent years, more than 30 laws were adopted on the basis of this document.
In addition, the country has accepted and executed sequentially target state and regional programs of development of the tourism industry. In particular, in the period of 1999-2005 the state program of development of tourism in Uzbekistan was implemented. In recent years regional programs to support leisure industry in Tashkent, Kashkadarya, Khorezm and other regions were implemented successfully.
Over the past period Uzbekistan gained image of the country with a dynamically developing modern tourist infrastructure
In the country many new luxury hotels have been built, including nation-wide network of type B&B, which can provide high level of service for foreign guests. Along with major hotels, providing services under the world-renowned brands such as Radisson, Lotte, Ramada, Wyndham, in the capital and regions of Uzbekistan created a network of private institutions for small groups and family tourists.
Airports in Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Urgench, Navoi and Fergana have been modernized. Today there are 11 international air harbors in Uzbekistan. National air carrier "Uzbekistan Airways" has the most modern airliners, Boeing and Airbus, which carry out regular flights to over 50 cities of Europe, Asia, Middle East and North America. This year, National Airlines expects replenishment in its fleet with two new-generation airliners Boeing-787 Dreamliner, which will be an important step in raising the level of quality of travel services provided by our country.
Tourists have the opportunity to get to attractions and means of rail transport
In 2011 between Tashkent and Samarkand started to run high-speed train Afrosiyob produced by Spanish company PATENTES TALGO S.L. In 2015 Afrosiyob started going to Karshi - administrative center of Kashkadarya region. Convenience and comfort of this train is noted both by foreign guests and local passengers.
Uzbekistan has created favorable conditions for businesses involved in the provision of tourism services. According to 2015 data, there are 1279 tourist organizations in the country, in particular, 548 hotels, hostels and campgrounds, 731 travel companies.
In recent years, new types of travel were introduced, including ecotourism, geotourism, extreme, health and cultural areas, as well as mountain climbing, rafting, fishing. In this process, the features and capabilities of each region are being taken into account. For example, in areas with few historic monuments develop ecotourism, geotourism, traveling off-road, in mountainous areas - extreme tours. Implementing a project on restoration of objects of cultural heritage, construction and reconstruction of tourist facilities, the development of new routes of ancient monuments and picturesque places.
The results of the reforms appear in a sequential increase in the number of travelers to the country. They delight not only the natural beauty of our region, its rich history, diverse culture and beautiful historical monuments, but also centuries-old traditions of Uzbek people, its warm hospitality, and of course, unrivaled cuisine.
Domestic tourism is also developing increasingly due to the growth of incomes of population of Uzbekistan and improvement of infrastructure of leisure industry. Every year millions of our fellow citizens travel around the country, where convenient transport facilities, comfortable hotels and high level of service is created.
In order to further increase the tourist flow, Uzbekistan is actively developing cooperation with many countries of the world
In this context, intergovernmental and interagency agreements with a number of foreign countries have been signed. Cooperation with specialized international organizations in the field of tourism is no less important.
In particular, since 1993, Uzbekistan is a member of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), which unites more than 150 countries. Since 2004, Regional Centre of UNWTO on Silk Road is located in Samarkand, which coordinates support for tourism on this transcontinental highway. While acknowledging the merits of our country in the sphere of development of the industry, Member States of of this Organization has repeatedly elected the Republic of Uzbekistan to the governing body - Executive Council, 99th Session of which took place in 2014 in Samarkand. Holding this forum on Uzbek land became further evidence of international community's recognition of effectiveness of comprehensive measures for development of tourism industry.
Speaking at the opening session, Secretary General Taleb Rifai said that our country is playing a leading role in strengthening international cooperation for further development of tourism on Silk Road
- We see a lot of changes in Uzbekistan. Under the wise and far-sighted leadership of President Islam Karimov, who has paid much attention to the development of tourism, the country could become one of the major centers of tourism development, the Secretary General of the UNWTO said.
An important role in ensuring the rapid development of the tourism sector of Uzbekistan at the present stage is occupied regularly held in the country, major events, which bring together representatives of the tourism industry from around the world to discuss the main trends of the industry dynamics and business linkages.
Since 1995, in the fall Uzbekistan annually holds Tashkent International Tourism Fair (TITF). This forum is a good platform for a constructive dialogue of partners operating in this sphere. In the past year the twenty-first fair took place, within which a presentation of tourism opportunities of Uzbekistan was held.
The project Hosted Buyers became the main innovation at TITF 2015.
Hosted Buyers is a specialized program of business meetings, for which special privileged buyer is pre-invited with a specific purpose that is to meet with interested partners and arrange for the sale of products, goods and services or implementation of a special joint program or project.
Since 2013, every year in April International Exhibition "World of Rest" is held, which opens the spring and summer tourist season in Uzbekistan. The event has represented the brightness and originality of regions' culture, their tourism potential. The exhibition provides an opportunity for domestic and foreign tour operators to promote its products and services in the beginning of new season, to conclude contracts with large clients.
It should be noted that within the framework of the exhibition "World of Rest-2015" an international scientific-practical conference of the World Tourism Organization on the theme "Gastronomic tourism as a factor of competitive product" was held. During the forum participants discussed development of this type of tourism in Uzbekistan, further expansion of international cooperation in this regard.
Thus, Uzbekistan on its tourism potential takes one of the leading places in the world. Successes achieved in this area are the result of a comprehensive work on the further development of our country industry infrastructure, popularization of opportunities in of the country in this area.
Festive Greeting to the Defenders of Homeland on the Occasion
of the 24th Anniversary of Establishment of the Armed Forces
of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Dear soldiers and sergeants, officers and generals, veterans of the Armed Forces, esteemed compatriots!
It gives me an enormous pleasure from the bottom of my heart to congratulate you on the landmark date in the life of our country – the Day of Defenders of Homeland and the 24th anniversary of establishment of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan!
Looking back at uneasy path traversed during a quarter of a century, we have all grounds to declare that, thanks to implementation of the timely adopted and deeply thought-out program of reforms, at present Uzbekistan possesses professionally trained and well-equipped army devoted to its Homeland and people, capable to effectively tackle the broad range of tasks in terms of ensuring security, territorial integrity of the country, inviolability of its borders, protecting peaceful and tranquil life of citizens.
The elaboration of a principally new approach to the military development based on resolute refusal of the obsolete and routine decisions, comprehensive consideration of peculiarities of a possible theater of war operations and rapidly changing situation in our near and far surrounding, as well as in-depth practical assimilation of achievements of foreign experience became to much extent a decisive factor in establishing the modern Armed Forces of our country.
Today we can proudly declare that our army has assimilated the best experience of the world’s military development and art, preserving our historical and national traditions, and has become a reliable guarantor of ensuring security of our borders. The image of a modern serviceman of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan is embodied, above all, in his comprehensive knowledge and intellect, devotion to Homeland, his firm will and strong readiness to fulfill his sacred military duty.
We have always realized and now comprehend that the time, which we live in, keeps flowing. The rapidly changing situation in the world and aggravating state of affairs in its certain regions, ever growing confrontations, conflicts and bloodsheds, increasing threats of international terrorism, extremism and radicalism, unremitting military standoffs in our near neighborhood cannot but raise
a deep feeling of concern and alarm in us.
The unfolding complex and hard-to-predict situation requires of all of us to maintain high vigilance and constant readiness, reinforce attention to further reforming our army, equipping it with modern weaponry and military hardware, raising efficiency of combat training of troops, and on the whole – comprehensively strengthening the potential and combat efficiency of our Armed Forces.
In this regard, at the modern stage I deem it exclusively important to implement the following tasks:
First, further improvement of the organizational structure and combat strength of the army, system of commanding troops taking into account the unfolding military and political situation, achievements of modern military art and experience of military development accumulated by us, as well as peculiarities of a possible theater of war operations.
In the conditions of increasing threats and constantly changing situation in the regions neighboring on Uzbekistan, which doesn’t rule out the possible intrusion of various bandit formations and subversive groups into the territory of our country, further reinforcement and concentration of troops, in the first instance, at the vulnerable operational directions require a special attention.
It is greatly important to raise attention and radically revise the principles and approaches to military exercises, maximally approximate them to the real conditions of locality and region, identify a possible character of actions of a probable enemy, train the command personnel and headquarters to comprehensively assess the situation and make well-grounded decisions, practice the rapid redeployment of troops, increase the individual skills of each serviceman to confidently handle weaponry and military hardware, survive in the conditions of critical physical pressure and high moral-psychological stress.
For these purposes it is significant to ensure a full-fledged functioning and broad use of training grounds while continuing a comprehensive development of their infrastructure and training material-technical basis.
Second, the step-by-step implementation of the program of supplying troops with cutting-edge weaponry and military hardware, which allow us to tangibly increase the combat capabilities of our Armed Forces, their mobility and promptness, practice the ability to deliver lightning strokes on vulnerable positions of an enemy exploiting the capabilities of the Special operation forces, helicopters and other available hardware.
Third, there must be an unremitting attention to the issue of training, retraining and raising qualification of the command and sergeant personnel. In this regard, it is of an urgent significance to continue a consistent work in terms of improving the system of training at the Academy of Armed Forces, military colleges and sergeant schools, where our servicemen have all opportunities to continuously raise their professional, theoretical and applied knowledge, acquire experience and skills necessary in service and combat activity.
Along with this, it is expedient to constantly renew and specify the list of specialties, methods and technologies of teaching the military disciplines and curricula taking into account the gradual equipment of the national army with modern weaponry and military hardware, alterations in its combat strength and structure, as well as changing nature of military conflicts.
Further raising qualification of the teaching staff at military training institutions, mastering by them the foreign languages and advanced foreign experience of handling a teaching process and application of the latest information and communication technologies also remain to be a priority task.
Simultaneously, it is necessary to systemically and consistently reinforce our activity related to broad attraction of professors, experts and specialists from leading foreign military educational and research centers to teaching at the Academy of Armed Forces and other core educational institutions of the country on the most in-demand and acute directions of the military science.
Fourth, given the rapidly changing conditions of the modern world, when the attempts are on the rise to impose the alien destructive ideas in the society, which absolutely contradict the spiritual values, culture and traditions of our people, when there is an ongoing struggle for the hearts and minds, especially of a young generation, the role and place of educational work and moral-psychological training of servicemen and pre-conscription youth become very important.
In this respect, it acquires an exceptional significance to enhance the work to organize and hold the events of military-patriotic nature at educational institutions, military units, workplaces and makhallas (neighborhood community areas) with an aim to bring up in our youth the deep feelings of love to Homeland, pride for its Armed Forces and respect for a military service.
The Public Council at the Ministry of Defense, Public Youth Movement «Kamolot» and other public organizations and structures, as well as the renowned representatives of culture, art and sport are called upon to play a special role in addressing these long-term and urgent tasks.
Avoiding formalism and perfunctory approach, we should also broadly use the mass media and national segment of the Internet in this most important cause.
Fifth, there must be an unconditional implementation of state programs on social and medical care of servicemen, as well as providing them and their families with housing. In the framework of the governmental resolutions and state programs adopted on the occasion of announcement of 2016 as the «Year of Healthy Mother and Child» the set of concrete measures should be realized on material and social support of servicemen’s families.
The decent conditions of service and social protection, as well as well-being of servicemen and their families stand as the key factors to further reinforce the authority of the Armed Forces of our country.
Taking this opportunity, I would like to once again underscore that our Military Doctrine has a defensive character and reinforcement of the country’s Armed Forces, in the first instance, is aimed at protection of its state sovereignty, territorial integrity, peace and tranquility of our people.
It is for this very reason that Uzbekistan, as a non-bloc state, undertook a conscious and comprehensively thought out step, making a principle choice for itself, i.e. to conduct a peace-loving policy and not to join the military-political alliances and coalitions, not to allow deployment of foreign military bases and facilities in its territory, and not to participate in peacemaking operations abroad.
In this festive day I would like to express the words of sincere gratitude, above all, to the parents – the mothers and fathers of those who now with dignity fulfill their honorable, noble and responsible duty– protect Homeland!
I wish all servicemen – the privates and sergeants, officers and generals a sound health, big successes, strength and energy in serving Homeland, as well as happiness and prosperity to your families in the New Year 2016!
President of the Republic
of Uzbekistan - Supreme Commander - in - Chief of the